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Does this have something to do with tempo (time?)

Temporal lobe is behind (posterior) to frontal lobe, inferior to parietal lobe and is in front of occipital lobe.

Why it's called temporal?

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This is a very interesting question but unfortunately off topic here since it is about the etymology of an English word and has nothing really to do with biology. Voting to close (would be a perfectly good question to post on English Language & Usage though). – terdon Dec 19 '13 at 16:32
This question appears to be off-topic because it is about etymology, not biology. – terdon Dec 19 '13 at 16:32

The temporal lobe is in the temporal region of the head, near the temples of the skull, hence the name. It's name does not relate to it's biological function, it is mainly involved in processing language, visual memories, and emotions. The medulla oblongata is one region of the brain that deals with a lot of the "tempo" type functions (tempo as in keeping rhythm) such as controlling the heart beat and breathing rate.

Temple indicates the side of the head behind the eyes.

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The different etymologies of temporal can be found on this wiki article – Remi.b Dec 19 '13 at 13:11
yes, temporal in this sense has a different etymological root to tempo. – rg255 Dec 19 '13 at 13:12

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