I want to get my head round this once and for all so if you guys could help me would really appreciate it! I understand lesions to the optic nerve. It is the other nerves that I find difficult.
So far this is my understanding, please correct me if I'm wrong. The cranial nerves do not decussate generally with exceptions being CN2, CN4, CN7 and CN12. That means if a lesion affects Cranial Nerve 1, 5, 8, 9 and 11 or the respective nucleus there is either sensation loss or atrophy of the muscle (dependent on what the nerve does) of the ipsilateral side. For example in a lesion affecting CN6, the eye cannot look out in the side of the lesion.
In the case of CN4, I'm not too sure what happens but I imagine if there is damage to the nucleus the opposite side is affected (meaning superior oblique in the contralateral side will not work). If the nerve is affected, it is typically the ipsilateral side. The same I imagine is true for CN12.
In CN7, the forehead is bilaterally innervated so if the upper motor neurone is affected eyebrows can be raised but the lower side of the face is affected ipsilaterally. In a lower motor neurone lesion, there is complete loss of one side of the face ipsilaterally.
Am I correct?