I'll give you examples I have encountered in talks. There are too many variations and types of applications for me to break out in a comprehensive way.
Example 1: enzyme production. this sort of application is about optimizing the amount of a desirable enzyme or protein produced from a liquid culture. Sorry if this is too close to cell growth, but its terribly important. Small cell cultures are used in research and the genetics of the cells (usually e coli or yeast, but also often a fungus that's been found somewhere) to improve the amount of the desired protein. The protein may be secreted, which makes it much easier to purify.
Once a good strain is found, the culture is scaled up to thousands of liters, often many kilos of pure enzyme can be produced this way. Examples: the enzymes that break down fabric for acid washed jeans, the proteases and cutinases which are included in laundry detergent
Example 2: glucose isomerase. This enzyme is used to produce high fructose corn syrup. The enzyme itself actually changes fructose into glucose, but by le Chatlier's principle, a glucose syrup under high pressure will be converted to fructose by the enzyme. This enzyme, produced by an industrial process like that described in example 1 is immobilized onto a resin and packed into large industrial sized columns. I seem to remember from the talk that they were similar in size to an oil barrel. Large amounts of glucose rich corn syrup are passed through the column; it comes out about 40% fructose.
Another example (3) along those lines might be how to use an enzyme with a product. In an industrial manufacturing process like enzyme denim treatment, the fabric may be washed in a solution including the enzyme. The process has to be careful to control the amount of enzyme the denim is exposed to and to optimize the conditions so that none of the fabric is ruined but comes out consistently. The enzyme might be killed by a pH change or heating. This is essentially chemical engineering and there are courses about this sort of thing at most major chemE departments now.