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Does the size of the eye increase as we develop from the stage the complete eye first forms to infancy and then to adulthood ?

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3 Answers 3

No. In fact the lens of the eye, which is nearly optically perfect in humans, does not change or grow after it is fully formed around week 26 of gestation. Interestingly this is why one of the cues for identifying young children is having small faces with large eyes. This also the case for puppies and cats and other animals, who are mostly cuter when they are small with large eyes.

The eye lens is composed of dead cells whose remains are almost entirely a single protein called a crystallin.

This doesn't apply to compound eyes though.

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Hi Ilan that comment comes across as quite terse, even rude. Such behaviour is not conducive to good discussions on this website and I recommend using constructive criticism in future if you have an issue with an answer. For example, your post is equally without citation regarding growth of the eye (not lens). Let's try to get along. –  leonardo Apr 16 at 19:30

First of all, I should quote the sentence from the MOST reliable ophthalmology sourcing in the world - American Academy of Ophthalmology:

Section 11 - "Lens and Cataract"

"The equatorial diameter of the unfixed human lens measures 2 mm at 12 weeks and 6 mm at 35 weeks. Both the growth and the maturation of lenticular fibers continue throughout life." The antero-posterior dimensions of the lens enlarge from 3 mm at infancy to 6 and even more in adult years.

"The lens continues to grow throughout life (page 7 the same source)

Secondly, the growth of the eye continues after birth - at the beginning the growth is fast and later the growth is much slower but still - there is GROWTH of the eye after the birth.

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@llan Thanks! If I assume that growth does continue, then how is new vitreous humor made ? Is the growth of the eye, after birth, so negligible that there is no need to add new vitreous humor ? –  biogirl Apr 15 at 9:00
    
@biogirl the vitreous is jelly-like substance with connective tissue as a skeleton. However, it is 99% water, thus to expand vitreous the ciliary body just filtrated more water. Actually with age vitreous becomes even more fluidic which causes specific to this processes, like Posterior Vitreous Detachment. –  Ilan Apr 15 at 9:05
    
@llan The ciliary body makes more AQUEOUS humor not vitreous. I have read that NO new vitreous humor is made, it is present in fixed amounts. –  biogirl Apr 15 at 10:51
    
@biogirl check out what is happen after vitrectomy... what replaces the vitreous? –  Ilan Apr 15 at 10:53
    
@llan Interesting question ! Though I don't know how that is replenished I can quote two lines from wikipedia which furthers the mystery - It is produced by cells in the non-pigmented portion of the ciliary body deriven from embryonic mesenchyme cells which then degenerate after birth and Unlike the fluid in the frontal parts of the eye (aqueous humour) which is continuously replenished, the gel in the vitreous chamber is stagnant. Therefore, if blood, cells or other byproducts of inflammation get into the vitreous, they will remain there unless removed surgically. –  biogirl Apr 15 at 11:08

With age your eyeball, as everything else in your body with time, actually shrinks. In the developing stages I'm not sure when it reaches its full size though. So this is why elder often report far sightedness, when they need reading glasses. This is because the image no longer falls on the retina perfectly. When you are near sighted your eye is actually too large, and the image seen through the lens falls short of the retina, therefore becoming blurry. This is why many people when they grow older report better vision with old age because now the eye has shrank enough to where the image falls on the retina now.

Not sure if that answered your question, but hope it helped!

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Hi! Thank you. Could you provide some references/sources for your answer ? It would be more helpful then. –  biogirl Apr 15 at 4:04
    
Nope, this is most likely not the case. Research either assumes that the lens looses flexibility or changes its curvature. See here for a beginning. –  Chris Apr 15 at 5:58

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