This is mostly a question about usage.
There is a probability-related idea that has been used in at least two biological contexts. The idea is that if something happened, it was probably likely to do so.
This has been used in discussions about evolution, in which it is said that while we have trouble imagining circumstances in which self-replicating forms arise, the odds were probably in favor of their emergence when it actually occurred. And in discussions of the existence of intelligent life--it may be prevalent if we make the somewhat natural assumption (among others) that our own emergence was not highly improbable, given the existence of a suitable planet and so on.
Is there a name for this principle? I am familiar with the idea in the context of probability but have thought of it as an 'argument from likelihood' in biology. Also if there is a good description of the idea in a biological context a reference would be appreciated.
The tag is a little arbitrary. Thanks for any suggestions.