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There is both long and short limb gastric bypass surgeries (along with several other variations on intestinal bypass procedures). How much of the jejunum is bypassed with a long-limb and short-limb gastric bypass?

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One of the most used surgical technique is Roux en-Y where the small intestine is divided approximately 40-50 cm below the lower stomach outlet and is re-arranged into a Y-configuration.

The portion of intestine (jejunum) from the upper stomach is called the "Roux limb". It has a total length of 80 - 150 cm.

So the Roux en-Y technique "bypasses" only the duodenum and a small portion of jejunum - no more than 50 cm, that's about 7-10% of total length of small intestine.

Total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y.png
"Total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y" by ignis - Own work. licensed CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Reference: Wikipedia contributors, "Gastric bypass surgery," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed June 27, 2014).

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