When using the latin nomenclature for a fish in printed materials (such as Sander vitreus for walleye), what is the correct capitalization of each word?
In this example, should 'S' be uppercase only, or both 'S' and 'V' be upper/lower case?
The correct latin nomenclature is Sander vitreus, with the genus capitalized and the species name in lowercase. This is known as binomial nomenclature.
Some scientific naming conventions:
Classification example (for Homo sapiens):