OK I have read that a cell generates 4 kinds of digital (to be precise discrete) data namely DNA, RNA, Protein (sequences that can be encoded as string sequences of nucleotides/ amino acids) and micro array image. I am not a biologist, but my interest is in the statistics and information theory of these data. I would like to know what information do DNA micro array image convey? For example after processing it with the aid of a suitable software, what sort of information we do obtain?
Sample micro array image: