Columnar epithelial cells from the colonic mucosa are studied to identify abnormalities in cell signaling pathways. Abnormal epithelial cells from colonic adenocarcinoma are shown to have a mutation that blocks hydrolysis of GTP-bound active RAS. Normal columnar cells have active RAS protein that undergoes hydrolysis to the inactive GDP-bound form. Which of the following signaling pathways is most likely abnormally stimulated in the carcinoma cells?
a. Jak-Stat Pathway
b. MAP kinase pathway
d. Both a & b
I think its MAP kinase pathway because RAS is part of MAP kinase pathway that ultimately leads to transcription and expression of genes but if GTP is not hydrolyzed then RAS will be constantly activated leading to continued gene expression that may lead to cancer but I am not completely sure about it because p53 is also a tumor suppressor gene.