Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) causes inflammation around joints and the growth of syndesmophytes that may eventually fuse vertebrae. I'm familiar with the genetics (HLA-B27, IL1A) related to the condition, but I can't find any information about the mechanism that causes the actual growths to occur.
My current assumption is that AS causes the over-production or under-production of a particular compound or enzyme at the growth site, but I can't find any studies or papers that explain this. Is the mechanism known? Is it directly related to abnormal levels of a particular substance?