This refers to the turnover number (a.k.a kcat or k2) of an enzyme and is usually calculated using Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Jump to the summary at the end if you want a simple answer. If you want a more thorough answer, consider the following chemical equation:
This says that a certain concentration of enzyme mixed with a certain concentration of substrate will first combine and form a complex depending on the enzyme's affinity for the substrate. Then the enzyme complex will generate a product depending on the enzyme's ability to convert the transition state into product. The k1 constant is the arrow moving from [E] + [S] → [ES] and the k-1 is the arrow moving from [ES] → [E] + [S] (they oppose each other). The k2 constant is the arrow moving from [ES] → [E] + [P].
This can also be expressed in terms of maximum rate:
So k2 is basically an indicator of how efficiently or quickly an enzyme operates. Not all enzymes follow standard Michaelis-Menten kinetics. For example, the allosteric properties of some enzymes cause a non-linear saturation curve. Because of this, the turnover number is commonly referred to. The turnover number's units of s-1 indicate one product molecule per second, so a turnover rate of 3000 means you can create 3000 products in 1 second at Vmax.