Now that we can compare whole microbiomes, has there been investigations on the effect of garlic (or diallyl disulfide, its main ingredient) on intestinal flora? From the proven antimicrobial activity, it should work like antibiotics. But does it leave "good bacteria" counts untouched?
Overall garlic can prove to be beneficial, because it seems to have more of an effect on detrimental bacteria like Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), even when its strains were resistant to antibiotics. Overall garlic was found to be more detrimental to pathological bacteria when compared to normal gut flora (reference). Garlic’s diallyl disulfide has also been found to effectively cause cell death in Candida albicans which is a fungus in our gut which if not kept in check can cause health problems (reference).