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What we know about our mammal ancestors that were alive (and survived) at the extinction event 65 million years ago?

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up vote 7 down vote accepted

Many of them looked like little rodents. However, several distinct mammalian lineages were already present, including Monotremes, marsupials and placental mammals. Throughout the whole mesozoic era, mammals were already quite diversified! Also, even though most of the mammals that survived the K/T boundary were rather small, there were already some larger mammals around in the Cretaceous.

Here is a nice picture of a symmetrodont:

enter image description here

See a nice page on early mammals.

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Should that be "mesoZoic"? –  terdon Oct 15 '12 at 14:54
    
Yes, my bad. Corrected. –  January Oct 15 '12 at 16:19
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A recent genetic analysis suggests that they were probably bigger that we thought before :

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn22343-mammals-ancestor-was-not-as-puny-as-we-thought.html

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