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Is territoriality (recognizing a geographic location, and challenging another member of the same species and gender) only in the domain of the male of a species? Are there any species out there where the female of the species identifies, defines, and protects her territory? What about any species where territoriality is gender neutral (tic humans excluded!)?

I thought of bees, but that is a community affair - even if it is a matriarchial society.

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From personal observation: house sparrows "stake a claim" at a bird feeder, and both males and females chase away competitors –  Alex Stone Nov 25 '12 at 6:09

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Absolutely not. In many spiders and insects, the female holds the territory. Many spiders for instance have much larger females than males - in these species the female can be > 10x bigger than the male and the male may not even eat during its lifetime.

Ordinary garden orb weaving spiders are this sort of animal. Only the females even spin webs.

Another example is the Australian red back spider.

Quite often males are the 'disposable sex'.

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Both sexes of red squirrels defend exclusive year round territories. See Smith 1968 or Steele 1998.

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The elephant matriarch (in Africa) leads her followers where they go for food and water.

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