I know that ethanol increases insulin secretion--could someone explain why?
All I have found till now is experimental data analyses. I am interested in mechanism of alcohol consumption.
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Alcoholic beverages, ingested casually, deliver two main nutrients the body will metabolize: sugar and ethanol. The body's natural response to a rise in blood glucose will be stimulated secretion of insulin (from B cells of the pancreatic islets). Alcohol is metabolized primarily by the liver, being first converted to acetaldehyde by alohol dehydrogenase and a coezyme NAD+. Acetaldehyde metabolism quickly converts this to acetate. Acetate is then eventually metabolized elsewhere in the body to carbon dioxide and water. The interesting effects are mediated by acetaldehyde, which can accumulate to toxic levels in some people. This ties into insulin because this article suggests that alcohol consumption changes blood flow from exocrine pancreas (responsible for digestive enzymes) to endocrine pancreas (responsible for secreting homrones, such as glucagon, insulin, somatostatin). Alcohol seems to modulate the late-phase of insulin secretion, increasing secretion, which leads to exaggerated glucose disposal and at least for diabetics causes hypoglycemia.