Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I stacked my bike and split my head right open. About three weeks later the scab falls off and the skin is sealed over, like magic! How does it all work? How does the brain know that part of the body is injured and needs repair, or does the brain know at all? What kind of signals between brain/cells/body are involved.

Sorry it's probably a basic question for a biologist, but I come from a different field and have always wondered about this amazing process. It's also a very hard topic to google about, because most results are about spiritual healing, crystals, prayer and a lot of pseudoscience rubbish.

share|improve this question
There's a WP page at , and I'm pretty sure that your brain has nothing to do with it. – Alan Boyd Feb 5 '13 at 13:09
That's a great link! You may as well post the comment as an answer so I can accept it. – wim Feb 6 '13 at 1:02
up vote 4 down vote accepted

Healing in the body is normally independent of the brain. Following an injury, a process of inflammation attracts lots of cells to the site of the injury (including platelets, white blood cells, clotting factors). There's also vasoconstriction (tightening of your blood vessels) to reduce blood loss from the injury site. Your skin cells continue to divide rapidly until new skin replaces the damaged one which later falls off. This is a highly simplified version of the process but hope it makes sense. So in summary, healing takes place by cell division (also known as mitosis).

share|improve this answer
Amongst other things, contact inhibition is also important to stop the cells from over-proliferating. – nico Jun 11 '13 at 15:03
Hm, do you think that is also possible explanation of the kind of placebo case with soldiers whose injuries healed more slowly if was stressed? How brain tightens the blood vessels? – Probably Aug 29 '15 at 4:52
aha, says something quite different – Probably Aug 29 '15 at 4:54

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.