Does the NMDA antagonist, Memantine that's used to prevent excitotoxicity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) cause brain damage? I know that in rodents NMDA antagonists like ketamine and phencyclidine (PCP) cause a form of brain damage known as Olney's lesions. Despite Olney's lesions never being directly observed in primates like humans, permanent brain damage from chronic ketamine exposure has been observed in adolescent cynomolgus monkeys.1
- Sun, Lin; Qi Li, Qing Li, Yuzhe Zhang, Dexiang Liu, Hong Jiang, Fang Pan, David T. Yew (2012). "Chronic ketamine exposure induces permanent impairment of brain functions in adolescent cynomolgus monkeys". Addiction Biology. doi:10.1111/adb.12004. PMID 23145560.