I am thinking if kidneys can use ketone bodies as fuel. Ketone bodies are water-soluble so no problem because of solubility. The existence of the enzyme determines the answer.
Can kidneys use ketone bodies as fuel?
This article's abstract says that 3-ketoacid-CoA transferase was found in the kidney: nature.com/pr/journal/v42/n4/abs/pr19972518a.html