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The Marine Stewardship Council states that the cod fishery in the Eastern Baltic sea recovered well and issued it's MSC certificate to the Swedish cod fishery in 2011 for that region. (MSC 2011)

Data downloaded from EUROSTAT shows that Portugal, a main importer of codfish and -products, imported less and less from Norway (besides Iceland and UK the main supplier) (FAO 2006); dropping from around 20,000 tons (2001) to < 1,000 tons (2011) and more and more from Sweden; < 5,000 tons until 2003 versus > 30,000 in 2010 and 2011.

This trade data does not necessarily show the origin of a product but rather the country that is selling the fish. I wonder if either the Swedish cod fishery expanded in the past few (~ five) years; Portugal changed it's main supplier from Norway to Sweden for whatever reason; or Sweden buys cod from Norway and distributes it.

Depending on this the answer may not be so closely related to biology but I hope to get an idea here.

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A "fisheries" tag would be useful in my opinion. – Stockfisch Mar 25 '13 at 17:07
[ichthyology]+[ethnobiology]="fisheries", more or less. – Oreotrephes Aug 25 '13 at 8:22
up vote 1 down vote accepted

If by 'fishery' you mean "amount of fish caught", the answer is a qualified no. Sweden's catch has been stable or perhaps slightly increasing since a low in 2005, but the catch is still much lower than a decade ago (Statistics Sweden). This is presumably due in large part to the quotas set on Total Allowable Catch for various sea regions.

If by 'fishery' you mean "amount of fish in the sea", the answer is a qualified yes. Most Swedish cod catch (>90%) comes from the Baltic, where stocks have been recovering since 2006 after steep declines in the eighties (ICES full report and executive summary for Eastern Baltic). Presumably, this recovery is also due in large part to the quotas set on Total Allowable Catch, i.e. to the reduction in cod mortality due to fishing.

figure by me, data from Statistics Sweden[1] and ICES[2 Sweden's cod catch for all regions, and the ICES estimated Spawning Stock Biomass of cod in the Eastern Baltic. Both are in thousands of metric tons, but note that the scales differ by a factor of ten)

No idea how this is affecting import/export, although Statistics Sweden might have that data. One biology related possibility is that Eastern Baltic stocks (presumably accessed more by Sweden) are doing better than North Sea stocks (presumably accessed more by Norway), but that's just a guess, you'd have to check the data.

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Thank you. I spoke to a large codfish producer in Portugal who stated that their cod still mainly originates from Norway (> 80%), i.e. is caught in Norwegian waters, with no relevant share of the Swedish cod fishery. I assume that the considered trade data is inconsistent and includes more complex trade relationships that may be hard to entangle. – Stockfisch Aug 25 '13 at 12:01

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