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My textbook doesn't do a very good job of pointing out what the differences between the two are. It basically mentions axons only in the same breath as the synapse (that synapses are the endings/tips of axons).

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This reference is a bit basic, but lists the functions and differences between axons and dendrites. Specifically, dendrites receive signals from other neurons, to the cell body; whereas, axons take signals away from the cell body (essentially 'input-output'). A diagram of the parts and the processes is below:

enter image description here

(Image source with additional information)

This Youtube tutorial is a nice visual description of both, and how they function within a neuron.

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Can you provide some details in your answer rather than just links? –  kmm Jun 30 '13 at 0:52
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@kmm is this acceptable? –  user3795 Jun 30 '13 at 1:02
    
no synapse.. hmm –  Lesbihonest Jun 30 '13 at 20:29
    
@Lesbihonest The synapses are just not labelled on the diagram, but are referred to in the links. –  user3795 Jun 30 '13 at 23:28

protected by AliceD Mar 18 at 12:08

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