Adaptation refers to both the current state of being adapted and to the dynamic evolutionary process that leads to the adaptation.

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Bergmann's rule and Allen's rule: endotherms and ectotherms

Surface area to volume ratio (in terms of heat conservation) is not the only mechanism, but it is still an important mechanism for explaining Bergmann's rule and Allen's rule. Given that, I want to ...
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Did the number of rods changed from ancient time?

Correct me if I am wrong, but I know that rods work under limited light conditions only. But now we are in a world that always have lights everywhere unlike ancient time when humans had to deal with ...
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Why is Pilobolus phototropic?

Pilobolus is a fungal genus whose fruiting bodies consist of a stalk ending in a spore mass that is launched via turgor pressure to disperse the spores. The fruiting bodies grow towards light, which ...
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Can human change its morphology or anatomy due to ecological changes?

According to Charles Darwin, as the surrounding environment changes, so changes the anatomy or morphology of a specific organism. But nowadays, humans have become very advanced in the technology and ...
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Which are the most extreme artificial environments that lifeforms/ecosystems have adapted to?

I have heard of 'extremophiles', lifeforms that naturally thrive in all sorts of extreme environments. Is there any evidence to suggest that lifeforms are adapting to the extreme environments (such ...
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Adaptation of deciduous trees in tropical climate

I'm planning to plant deciduous trees in my yard, i.e. maple and oaks. Normally, they grow well in cold climate region, such as Japan and Canada. But I lived in tropical climate region, Indonesia, ...