Amino-acids are organic acids with an amino group in the alpha position (alpha-acids). They are the structural units of proteins and involved in many biochemical pathways.

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Are there examples of PTMs that add different chemical groups (and mass) to different amino acids?

I'm talking about this type of post-translational modifications. What I'm interested in is not whether some modifications can only occur on specific amino acids (that's clear), but if the nomenclature ...
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amino acid containing branched side chain

Branched-chain amino acid are degraded by branched chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex. These amino acids aren't degraded in liver because of the absence of this enzyme(in liver).Why the ...
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Hormones and body mass

I was wondering how some animals (bulls, elephants etc.) become so large by only eating grass or plant based material and why some humans can build large amounts of muscle and mass without a proper ...