I wonder how long it takes for biotoxins to break down when released to environment, I think about - Botulinum toxin, Anthrax toxin etc. I guess process of degradation should be fast, because high ...
Various mammals seem to get away with eating parts of carcasses that we would prefer to not even touch, and that we assume will make us sick. Because of that, I assume botulinum toxin is more ...
Botulinum toxin is the neurotoxin protein created when botulism spores grow. The requirements for growth and/or for keeping the toxin from denaturing would seem to be very difficult to create in bale ...
I think no, but I am not sure since Listeria is Gram-positive and probably has lipopolysaccharide (exception among Gram positive bacteria). Can Listeria monocytogenes' endotoxin act like exotoxin ...
After I treated J774 cells ( a mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line ) with Clostridium difficile Toxin B (1 ng/ml for 44 hours), I noticed several small circles inside of a seemingly dead cell. I'm ...
How many Botulinum toxin molecules or grams are contained in one medical unit of Botox?
Clostridium tetani (C. tetani) is a bacterium commonly found in soil and is excreted in the faeces of many animals (both mammals and birds) and serves, by means of the exotoxin, tetanospasmin, causes ...