Bioinformatics connects life sciences and quantitative sciences, typically involving the application of software and algorithms to solve computationally intensive questions, such as those in genomics, sequence analysis, and systems biology. Questions tagged Bioinformatics should have a direct ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

12
votes
2answers
209 views

How can we verify predictions of protein folding in silico?

Currently, there is a lot of research focused on solving the folding patterns of proteins using computers (Folding@Home, https://fold.it/portal/, etc.). The question that I have is: How do you know ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Where to go next with clustered C elegans neuronal time series

I'm doing some independent research with the C Elegans nervous system (with the OpenWorm project) and was looking for some guidance as to where I should go next. Right now, I'm dealing with calcium ...
3
votes
4answers
117 views

Significance of upper-case, lower-case and Ns in UCSC DNA files

I have downloaded human chromosome's data from UCSC FTP. Some part is in small alphabets and some is in large alphabets. Does it show the coding and non-coding region? Here is an example from the ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Difference between pulse coupling and diffusive coupling In biological oscillators

What are the differences between pulse coupling found among neuron cells and diffusive coupling found in cells that exhibit calcium waves? Moreover, in both methods, is it a strict requirement that ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Reading BLOCKS database into Python or R [closed]

Are there any methods in programming languages that have been developed for reading the BLOCKS database? http://blocks.fhcrc.org/ What I want to do is read in the database file and compare sequences ...
4
votes
3answers
259 views

What is the state-of-the-art algorithm for multiple sequence alignment?

Which algorithm or algorithms are considered the standard or state-of-the-art for multiple sequence alignment? How big is the need for better algorithms? How many sequences need to be alignment in a ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Online multiple sequence alignment with constraints

This is probably a naive question. I have accesssed the Clustal Omega online multiple sequence alignment tool at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/msa/clustalo/ for the first time, but I think I need to ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

How the genome assembly be done after k-mer counting?

As far I know, before assembly of a genome, all k-mers from read should be counted. But after that, how the genome assembly be done? Is there any other thing needed along with k-mer counts? How ...
6
votes
1answer
108 views

How can I make a protein interaction/protein-complex network?

Let's say I have a list of proteins ID. I would like to know whether I can find any complex based on that list. Any example, explanation is appreciated. An example input is what you see below. What ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

How do I retrieve electronic annotation from Uniprot and GO records that relates to molecular function?

I'm interested in the endonuclease activity of the G3BP1 gene, specifically the uniprot record Q13283. An external link guides me to UniprotKB-KW electronic annotation. How can I retrieve valuable ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

How to view selected chromatin states (i.e enhancers) on the UCSC browser?

I'd like to overlay enhancer regions with SNPs in a particular locus using FunciSNP. I can view all the chromatin-state annotation from chromHMM ( Roadmap Epigenomics Integrative Analysis Hub) in the ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

How to get taxonomic specific ids for kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species from taxid?

I have a list of taxids that looks like this: 1204725 2162 1300163 420247 I am looking to get a file with taxonomic ids in order from the taxids above: ...
21
votes
2answers
24k views

What is the difference between local and global sequence alignments?

There are a bunch of different alignment tools out there, and I don't want to get bogged down in the maths behind them as this not only between softwares, but varies from software version to version. ...
6
votes
1answer
251 views

Sequence evolution simulation tool

I'm looking for a tool to simulate sequence evolution given a specific mutation model and birth-death model. I'm aware of tools and packages like INDELible, Seq-Gen and PhyloSim, but they simulate ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

How do I make a multiple sequence alignment (MSA)?

I have a DNA sequence that makes protein 1, but now I have asked to: compare the amino acid sequence of protein 1 with nine homologous proteins and make a multialignment of the sequences. Determine ...
5
votes
1answer
54 views

Data on Gene Position in Human Genome

I am trying to get some data on gene position in the human genome and I need some help What I tried I downloaded ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How many paraphyletic groups can be formed from a phylogeny?

How many paraphyletic groups can theoretically be created from this phylogeny? I found (2n)-2. Is this correct? This is not homework nor exam, just a question about paraphyletic groups.
4
votes
1answer
56 views

How can I obtain a computer readable model of Dr. Gerhard Michal's biological pathways map?

I want to run simulations of various metabolic pathways – the project could end up becoming quite large, and having a machine readable chart would make thing a lot easier. Does anyone know if there is ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Measuring tumor heterogeneity [closed]

I would like to ask if there's any method (established or not) in order to quantify heterogeneity found in mutations occuring in primary neoplasms and metastatic lesions (either common or private) and ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

DNA to Binary Distance Computation [closed]

If I represent DNA as binary values, what is the best way of computing distance between them. So : A = 00, T = 11, G = 01 and C = 10 Hamming Distance between ATGC and TAAC is 3, however their ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How to construct tumor phylogenetic tree?

I would like to know if anyone has tried any software that constructs tumor evolution trees where the trunks represent the common mutations and the private alterations are noted on each branch. I can ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Data on Recombination rate and Gene Positions in Humans

I am looking for estimates of per base pair recombination rate in humans and indication on gene positions. The goal is to be a able to plot recombination rate in the y-axis and position (in bp) along ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Extracting the donor/acceptor sites from mRNA sequence(PERL/ DNA transcription)?

I have the following program that I am analyzing and trying to understand. Overall purpose of it is to put out, based on the option selected, the set of introns, exons, acceptor sites , or donor sites ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Protein-protein interactions search

I used STRING db in order to find all the interactions of the precursor protein APP. What I specifically need is a confirmation (supported by some article and experiments in it). But significant ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Why do we encode information in DNA in binary and not in base 4?

I recently read an article about Harvard scientists encoding 700Tb of data in DNA strands. But they encoded the information in base 2, so T and G was a 1 and C and A was a 0. But why binary? Why didn'...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Software recommendation for protein in electric field modeling? [closed]

I'd appreciate a suggestion for software to compare models of two proteins in an alternating electric field. The more detail, or perhaps direction towards an existing and similar paper, the better. ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

How many residues can a reliable ab initio structural model contain?

A recent question on ab initio that I answered involved touching on the limitations of ab initio modelling. A review from 2009 put forward that typically only in the order of 100-110 residues could be ...
9
votes
1answer
127 views

How can I find the mRNA sequence for a specific prokaryotic gene?

What I want to find out is the start of the transcription for a specific gene, how long the UTR is before the actual coding sequence starts. I've looked at various databases like NCBI Gene, Refseq or ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Understanding common identifier codes (IDs) in biology databases

I know this is very basic but I would like to understand it and it's difficult to know where to begin with a new database. I have the output: ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Grouping OMIM disease codes

I have ~100 sets of genes, and each set includes between 2 and 70 genes. I'd like to perform an enrichment analysis on each of these sets to test if they're enriched for OMIM disease labels. However, ...
2
votes
1answer
374 views

Plastid and mitochondria

I am not a biologist, so please bear with me for this basic question. Although I tried googling, I am confused. What is the difference between plastids, chloroplasts and mitochondria? Are there any ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

What is the best test for SNV clustering?

I am looking for a method to cluster single nucleotide polymorphisms based on clinicopathologic data (mainly receptor immunoistochemistry). So far, I've came up with only two that handle dummy ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

how to compare Smith–Waterman algorithm implementations?

Assume that you have two softwares of smith waterman algorithm (with what ever heuristic they apply to speed up) for local sequence alignment of genomic sequences. I would like to know if for sure ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Gene expression data [closed]

I am using gene expression data for the classification of cancer. I need to know how the values are processed. within what range the values will be? What does the negative value means? How can I do my ...
0
votes
4answers
249 views

How to convert FASTQ file format into GTF file format?

I have a plenty of FASTQ files (FASTQ is a standard for storing the output of high-throughput sequencing instruments such as the Illumina Genome Analyzer) and need to convert them to GTF format (gtf - ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Predicting alternative transcript sequence and probability from a single SNV

I am currently studying a small number of non coding SNPs in terms of their contribution to the cancer phenotype. All are obtained from massive parallel sequencing on a specific gene panel, utilizing ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is Mendelian Randomization, and how is it used to infer causality in epidemiology?

Studies of human traits and diseases are inherently confined to observational studies, known as epidemiological studies. This can make it very hard to determine what actually causes a particular ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Fold Coverage of sequence read? [duplicate]

What does it mean when N-Fold coverage of read of sequence? Details will be much appreciated if a link provider with brief explanation.
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Are there any major noticeable limitations to genome sequence compression methods that use reference templates?

Recently, I have been researching about big data analytics in biochemistry, and started wondering about how genome sequence compression could affect analysis. Of all the method listed on the ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Conserved acetylation sites in a given protein

I want to identify potential conserved Acetylation sites in protein X. As it is known, acetylation happens in Lysines (K), thereby I would like to identify conserved K residues for protein X during ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Trouble identifying a gene given an Expressed sequence tag

I have an assignment where we need to answer several questions about an EST, however, I'm having trouble getting started. My sequence contained a Not I site (clipped that) and no poly A signal. We ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Why does BLAST employ local alignments? [duplicate]

Why does BLAST use Local alignment, not Global alignment? And when would a global alignment be useful?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Obtaining a mapping of RefSeq ACs to Uniprot ACs

I am trying to obtain a mapping for RefSeq Accession Numbers to Uniprot Accession Numbers. I can write a script to do this for a list of RefSeq ACs like this: ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Bioinformatics basics [closed]

What are the basic differences between genbank, NCBI and entrez gene? And please tell some books and webpages where I can get more about the databases .(currently I'm using Bioinformatics and ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How do I measure genetic distance?

I'm not sure how to measure genetic distance. There seems to be many different equations out there, and all the ones I found are rather old. In my specific problem I want to see if the twist in ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

How can a medical doctor use the information given by someone working in medical image computing(shape analysis)? [closed]

Sorry for the long headline! In short, I'm an academic researcher working in an area called "statistical shape analysis", which is intimately connected with medical image computing. It deals with how ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Accessing Expression Levels for Genes of Interest from GEO Experiments

I have a list of 100 lncRNAs (long non-coding RNAs). For each of these RNAs, I would like to query GEO to find any experiments that used a high throughput sequencing platform and detected expression ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Format for background [closed]

Usually, after people finish an experiment. They will do a report. What do people need to write for background. Do people need to write the concept this experiment need or just explain briefly about ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Cell specificity RNASeq [closed]

I am working on finding the cell specifity information (eg. Epithelial cells, muscle cells etc) from RNASeq data of colon tissue. I was referring to CellCODE but that is related to PBMCs. Does anyone ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Gemini usage of --sample-filter

I am using gemini to query databases made from vcf files, which contain data from multiple samples. However, I need to query data only from one sample, (for which I currently use grep to filter the ...