Bioinformatics connects life sciences and quantitative sciences, typically involving the application of software and algorithms to solve computationally intensive questions, such as those in genomics, sequence analysis, and systems biology. Questions tagged Bioinformatics should have a direct ...

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Isoprenoid Diphosphate Concentration in Yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae

Isoprenoid Diphosphate(IPP) is an important metabolites which is precursor in lot of secondary metabolites like Dolichol diphosphate, ubiquinone, prenylated proteins and carotenoid (not synthesized ...
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245 views

Could be an union/synergy between Math, Computer Science and Marine Biology?

I'm studing for my bachelor's degree in Natural Science and I have to chose the path for my future life. I have to chose the right kind of graduate studies. Since I love computer science, maths and ...
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47 views

(Web)app to search metabolic/signalling pathways

I'm looking for an application where you can find pathways by selecting a chemical occurring in it. So, for example, selecting 6-phosphogluconolactone brings up the pentose phosphate pathway or any ...
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117 views

Definitions and examples of some math-releated ecology branches

I would like to have an example of application and a brief description/definition (two or three lines) of the following fields. I would like to understand the exact differences between them. Other ...
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100 views

Standard letter for 5-methylcytosine

I'm working on a piece of software that computes melting temperatures for nucleic acid duplexes, and I'm about to add support for 5-methylcytosine as a nucleotide base. At the moment, the bases ...
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93 views

What makes a DNA sequence motif a DNA sequence motif?

I've read about DNA sequence motifs, but still don't understand what makes some sequence a DNA sequence motif. Is this a well-defined concept? For, example, What are DNA sequence motifs? says: ...
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42 views

At which step apply a detection filter when preprocessing microarray data? (Before/After normalization, batch effects removal)

I am trying to understand what is the best practice when preprocessing microarray data using a detection filter (on scanner p-value). Suppose I have a microarray dataset that I have to normalize with ...
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36 views

Workflow for batch analysis of ROI in histology samples

This is a pretty big task, and I have several work-arounds, but I am looking for an efficient way to go from PAS stained slides of lung tissue to defined ROI's over the whole slide (presumably via ...
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56 views

I need help plotting ADMIXTURE results in R [closed]

I am trying to plot ADMIXTURE output in R. My output is two-dimentional (two columns, 190 rows). These rows represent individuals, and groups of them (e.g., 1-12) represent populations. I have eleven ...
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47 views

Is the book “Bioinformatics for Geneticists” outdated?

I am going to be working with genetics data in my organization's data warehouse next year and helping our biotechnology department. I work in academic research, but I have very little genomics ...
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2answers
831 views

What is the difference between local and global sequence alignments?

Obviously there are a bunch of different alignment tools out there, and I don't want to get bogged down in the maths behind them as this differs from software version to version. I am aware that ...
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197 views

Models of quorum sensing for multi-agent systems

Quorum sensing is a system of stimulus and responses correlated to population density that is used by bacteria to coordinate gene-expression. I am looking for a simple computational/mathematical model ...
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376 views

How many gigabytes of DNA are there on earth?

The human genome is about 770 MB, the C. elegans genome is about 100 MB, the yeast S. cerevisiae is about 12 MB. Different other genomes have been sequenced: how many GB of genomic DNA we have now? ...
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158 views

Bioinformatics tool for “pairwise alignment” of complementary sequences?

I'm currently working on some ribozyme binding, and I'm looking for a tool that will essentially analyze the regions of the degree of complementarity in two sequences in order to extrapolate ...
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2answers
77 views

Why only heterogeneous SNVs for validation using genotyping arrays?

I am trying to validate the variants I found using whole genome sequencing . The standard practice, I have seen in the two publications below were to check for the number of heterozygous SNPs called ...
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1answer
381 views

What does conditional analysis of a SNP in a GWA study entail?

I am familiar with the use of tag-SNPs in genome-wide association studies to identify gene loci involved in complex traits, but I keep seeing the term "conditional analysis" used without any ...
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1answer
63 views

.Net DNA/Codon Parser

Does anyone know of an .NET (C#,VB.NET, maybe F#) DNA parser? If not I will probably make one, it doesn't seem like it would be hard. My general idea was to generate something that would report the ...
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2answers
118 views

How to get smallest subtree containing a set of nodes from BioPhylo?

I'm testing out various phylogenetic libraries in Python. I want to read in a Newick tree, then, given a list of taxa, generate the smallest tree that contains them all. This task is quite simple and ...
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4answers
106 views

How to calculate extent of Sequence similarity

I had a problem that I was wondering if it could be solved by one of the techniques/algorithms used in bioinformatics to give the extent of similarity. I have a Problem Statement: we have a sensor ...
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1answer
121 views

Chemical structure prediction

I'd like to do chemical structure prediction using a known molecule formulas. I'm familiar with de novo protein structure prediction, but are there any programs which will go from formula to structure ...
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1answer
44 views

RNA-seq Data on domestic animal with different environment

I want to find the RNAseq data available on domestic animals in different environments. If microarray data is available, it would be more useful. If you know I would appreciate to inform me.
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1answer
91 views

Superposing DNA

I have a series of protein models with DNA docked. I now want to superpose the DNA on a reference DNA molecule and extract the translational distance applied and the rotation angle used. I can ...
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58 views

Are grammars for all DNA or RNA of differenent species and individuals the same? [closed]

Are grammars for all DNA or RNA of differenent species and individuals the same ?If so,the languages generated by the grammar are the same,or DNA and RNA of differenent species and individuals are ...
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281 views

What is Mendelian Randomization, and how is it used to infer causality in epidemiology?

Studies of human traits and diseases are inherently confined to observational studies, known as epidemiological studies. This can make it very hard to determine what actually causes a particular ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the potential function of ultra-conserved elements in the genome?

If selection pressure results in conservation of DNA sequences, what is the most plausible explanation for the existence of ultra-conserved elements (refs here and here) given that there hasn't been ...
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172 views

Molecular Evolution: Mrbayes never stops?

When I use my own data to build Bayesian phylogenetic trees using the software Mrbayes, after many generations, it never reaches stopping status (namely, the average standard deviation of split ...
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40 views

Where can I find pdb files for macromolecules like receptors?

I have tried going to the RCSB website and quite frankly it was useless since when I looked up receptors like say the metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 (mGluR2) I got no helpful results.
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64 views

Why to choose a grammar from a lot of grammars that can describe structure of proteins?

Why do we choose a grammar from a lot of grammars that can describe structure of proteins? Usually, there are a lot of (maybe infinite) grammars that can describe one language. Why do we choose a ...
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151 views

How to calculate or know by experiment the entropy of enzymes or protein?

How do you calculate or experimentally determine the entropy of enzymes or protein? In particular, I am interested in Boltzmann and conformational entropy, and Gibbs free energy. Any references are ...
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1answer
84 views

Confusion related to the use of PCA to determine the background network

I was reading this paper related to use of gene expressions for predicting the drug response. I have this confusion, the paper has used PCA on the covariance matrix formed by the genes to get what is ...
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627 views

Multiple sequence alignment - how to align everything to 1 gene sequence?

I'm having trouble aligning 3 sequences together - the total gene (~2500bp) and the forward and reverse sequences that are ~1000bp in length. Now I'm using Clustal X2, but the problem is that the ...
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57 views

Is there any definition of complexity about gene and protein according their function?

Sorry for such a question,if it is too naive. Is there any definition of complexity about gene and protein according their function?If so,what is the relation between them?
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105 views

Examples of references for mathematical approaches in bioinformatics that are applicable to linguistics?

Do you have any classic references for mathematical approaches in bioinformatics that are applicable to linguistics (or vice versa)? EDIT I am mainly interested in approaches to reconstruct the ...
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1answer
64 views

What are the characteristics of a promising drug target?

When researchers are looking to start developing a drug, what characteristics do they look for in the potential proteins (assuming they already have good quality structural models)?
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79 views

What is a good source for info on disease frequency distribution among age groups?

I need information on the disease frequency distribution among age groups for an Android app I'm building... Hopefully I've come to the right place. Is there a good data source for this? Like a ...
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34 views

Statistics on energy consumption breakdown per biological functions across organisms?

Are there any statistics available on how much energy organisms use for each biological functions (i.e. something similar to the line of "Bacteria spend X% of energy on information processing, Y% for ...
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28 views

Visualizing secondary RNA structure binding to target

I am designing synthetic ribozymes, and need to see the secondary structure that arises from its flanking arms binding to a target mRNA. I've used Mfold as well as IDT's OligoAnalyzer (Hairpin), but ...
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308 views

Suitable introductory book on Bioinformatics for a computer scientist?

Do you have any suggestions on a suitable introductory text on bioinformatics for a computer scientist? Any recommendations with pros and cons of different books would be appreciated. I'm mainly ...
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530 views

What percentage of protein isoforms have different functions?

I am looking for studies on how many protein isoforms have different functions, preferably in human. We know that a great many, if not most, of human genes are alternatively spliced and that many ...
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120 views

What role does a protein's size have on protein-protein interactions?

Protein-protein interactions are when two or more proteins bind together, possibly for some important biological function. Recently, I'm starting to look more into proteins, and in particular, ...
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38 views

Which mass spectrometry database search algorithms include the fragment mass accuracy in the calculation of protein scores?

E.g. in a MASCOT search, the accuracy of the fragment ions in a ms/ms spectrum does not have any influence on the scores of identified proteins (unless the fragment ions are out of the set ms/ms ...
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29 views

Metawatt database setup

I am currently trying to setup Metawatt on my server but am running into trouble as described in my email to the author (who has an auto reply that he will not answer before September). So any help ...
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1answer
231 views

What does phasing mean?

What does phasing mean in genetics/informatics? I've heard that a phased file is a file that has genes separated by chromosome, but can someone give a concrete definition of what phasing actually ...
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1answer
66 views

Information Gene HBA2

Gene : HBA2? hemoglobin alpha 2 (Homo sapiens) I don't find any tissues (or organs) in which the expression of this gene is strongest? What is the size of the gene (promoter off) encoding this ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Any tool to align whole genome sequence data to another genome and give exon regions a higher mark?

I want to align WGS data from several mammals to one reference such as the human genome sequence. Since in most cases exons should be conserved and spliced in the same way and introns should vary, I ...
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69 views

Problem on finding sequence of Taq polymerase

As i know, Taq Polymerase can be found in Thermus aquaticus, so i do a search for protein list of Thermus aquaticus and have this : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/proteins/1724?project_id=55053 . ...
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94 views

Good poly-A filtering rules or tools

I am aligning a large number of ESTs. It seems poly-A tails show in many different ways. In addition to occurring at the very end, they can be flanked by the cloning sequence one one end, or have ...
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1answer
42 views

Carotenoid biosynthesis in yeast

Does Budding Yeast Sacchromyces cerevisiae produces significant amount of carotenoids? Have anybody estimated the ratio of flux going in branches 1. Cholesterol synthesis(via squalene) 2. Coenzyme Q6 ...
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117 views

Finding a template/oligo combination for my first PCR experiment

I'm an information technology engineer. I love biology so I research biological topics and have an interest in PCR. That's why I have decided to create a PCR machine. Everything is done now and I ...
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354 views

Why did high A+T content create problems for the Plasmodium falciparum genome project?

The main paper for the Plasmodium palciparum genome project (Gardner et al., 2002) repeatedly mentioned that the unusually high A+T content (~80%) of the genome caused problems. For example they imply ...