Bioinformatics connects life sciences and quantitative sciences, typically involving the application of software and algorithms to solve computationally intensive questions, such as those in genomics, sequence analysis, and systems biology. Questions tagged Bioinformatics should have a direct ...

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2answers
81 views

Can all biological processes be understood as computations and studied as such? [closed]

Can we understand a cell as an organic computational device? In that case the whole organism can be considered an ensemble of a large number of interacting computational devices? If this is the ...
5
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2answers
98 views

The meaning of RNA-seq data

many papers I read mentioned "RNA-seq data". While searching for the meaning of this word, I could not find any layman's definition. As far as I understand, RNA-seq data is the complete RNA ...
2
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1answer
24 views

What are host cellular factors?

With respect to this paper: Global Analysis of Host-Pathogen Interactions that Regulate Early-Stage HIV-1 Replication What does the term "host cellular factors" mean??
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1answer
27 views

How to predict the top microRNAs that bind to 3`UTR of a specific gene [duplicate]

I would like to know whether someone could tell me 1) some of the online programs that will predict the top microRNAs that bind to 3`UTR of a specific gene (for eg-GAPDH). I am relatively new to ...
4
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2answers
179 views

explanation of meaning of high-throughput

Almost all of the papers about bioinformatics, I faced with the high-throughput word, but I could not find any explanation about it (I think it is so easy to understand and thats why anyone explains ...
3
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1answer
65 views

meaning of the “reads” keyword in terms of RNA-seq or next generation sequencing

I'm an undergraduate student at computer science and currently, I'm interested in bioinformatics. Today, I've started to read a paper about clustering and classification of non-coding RNAs can be ...
57
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5answers
10k views

Does DNA have the equivalent of IF-statements, WHILE loops, or function calls? How about GOTO?

Does DNA have anything like IF-statements, GOTO-jumps, or WHILE loops? In software development, these constructs have the following functions: IF-statements: An IF statement executes the code in a ...
2
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0answers
48 views

How do I identify the protein with the highest Disulfide bond density? i.e protein with highest ratio of Disulphide bonds per Peptide bond? [closed]

I want to list all proteins in the protein database and list them by the ratio of number of disulphide bonds per peptide bond. I am not particular about the reliability of identification of ...
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1answer
40 views

interpreting enhancer and promoter regions of a target gene

I am reading a paper which talks about promoter/enhancer regions of certain protein coding genes. These genes are for which evidence points to having strong MEF2 transcription factor binding sites. ...
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0answers
26 views

How do I use BEAST for divergence time estimation in this case?

I am interested in using BEAST to find the divergence time estimates of species separations within a genus of frogs. The genus separated from a outgroup taxon I have chosen around 80 million years ...
1
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1answer
44 views

What are pseudoknots?

I'm trying to get my head around what a pseudoknot is and how I can identify them given some RNA string. For example, suppose I have a string s = CGUUGUGUACACGAUAGUACAU. Suppose the two longest ...
1
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1answer
62 views

What is the difference between gene and CDS annotations?

I have a bunch of sequence files fetched from the EBI ENA and I'm trying to find the end of the 5' UTR for specific genes. The UTR itself doesn't seem to be annotated in most sequence files I have. ...
4
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2answers
67 views

Relative microRNA comparison from from TCGA data?

I have a conceptual question that I was hoping someone could answer. Can I say that microRNA A is expressed x-fold greater than microRNA B directly from the TCGA miRseq data? Can I do this after ...
0
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1answer
92 views

How to select genes before log2 ratio on a RNASeq gene expression matrix, based on signal median

I want to transform a TCGA mRNA expression matrix (in linear data format) to log2-ratios and then run a feature (gene) selection, selecting the 1000 most variant genes (genes with higher standard ...
0
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0answers
18 views

EMBOSS matcher and supermatcher - incongruent results?

I am trying to align a sequence to the mouse genome. I know a priori that part of my sequence should align to chromosome 9, but not all of it. I gathered that EMBOSS' ...
0
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0answers
34 views

how to extract promoter regions given a TF binding site

I have constructed a PWM and want to test its accuracy. Scanning an entire chromosome (chr3, hg18) yields very high false positives (magnitudes higher than the true positives). Scanning the entire ...
0
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0answers
20 views

How can I classify Breast Cancer if I have incomplete receptor information?

I have a clinical data table for a cohort of Breast Cancer patients and I want to classify them as being either triple negative or triple positive. You can find the file here. For some of the ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Protein Structure Parameters

I'm wondering about the minimal set of parameters necessary to define a protein's structure. My understanding is that the backbone geometry is defined by the phi and psi angles (torsion angles), and ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Do variant callers miss rare variants in reference?

Generally variant calling programs (such as GATK-UnifiedGenotyper) look for differences between reference genome and submitted sequence. However, we all know that reference genome consist rare ...
1
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0answers
52 views

Where can I find mutation datasets for cancer (other than TCGA)?

My lab has been using TCGA data (somatic mutations and clinical data) to develop panels of genes and of mutations we expect to see in certain cancer populations. We'd like to validate our panels by ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Visualising a subset of the tree of life

I understand that many curated trees of life already exist (eg http://tolweb.org/tree/) but is there any website that allows one to input a list of organisms, and then produce the current best guess ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Stockholm format to dot-brackets format?

I need to convert all my sequences in a Stockholm format into this: ...
1
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0answers
24 views

How to characterise a protein family in a putative genome island?

We have sequenced the genome of 200 bacterial strains belonging to the same species, a swine bacterial pathogen. In a previous work, it was observed that a protein family of adhesins is present in ...
2
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2answers
97 views

What is the meaning of dots and dashes in clustalw?

I am converting outputs in stockholm format to clustalw using ...
6
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1answer
75 views

Is using Hidden Markov Models to find homologues sensible in abstract, short sequences?

HMM alignment tools like hhpred excel at finding subtle homologues of folded proteins that simpler scoring techniques (such those used in BLAST algorithms) would miss. I am only looking at a small ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Explanation of sequence motif diagram given in wikipedia [duplicate]

can someone please explain me this graph?? I did not get what information content is in this graph means. Does the size of the letter indicate that higher chance of that letter to be present in that ...
8
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2answers
59 views

All UniprotIDs of a cancer pathway

I need to download all uniprotIDs of a cancer pathway, say the AKT Signaling. It may be super easy, but I don't know which resource to look at since it is a new field. How/where do I find these?
4
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1answer
114 views

What do “e” “-” “C” and “E” mean in this output?

I have given an input of this protein sequence: MEPVDPRLEPWKHPGSQPKTACTTCYCKKCCFHCQVCFTTKALGISYGRKKRRQRRRPPQGSQTHQVSLSKQPTSQPRGDPTGPKE from this website along ...
9
votes
1answer
453 views

How are we able to find the specific sites at which DNA binding proteins bind?

We know that some DNA binding proteins are site specific, that is they recognise and bind to a specific nucleotide sequence. My question is how can we precisely tell at which sites they bind? Is it ...
6
votes
1answer
47 views

What is a positive epitope fragment

What is a positive epitope fragment? I found one paper on the subject: COBEpro: a novel system for predicting continuous B-cell epitopes by Michael J. Sweredoski and Pierre Baldi
2
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2answers
72 views

How to retrieve full gene names list and Entrez gene IDs and other annotation information from HUGO gene name list (in R or any)?

How to retrieve full gene names and Entrez gene IDs and other annotation information from HUGO gene name list (in R or any other software or language)? Is it possible vice versa: having full gene ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How do you convert mtDNA sequences in FASTA to FSTAT format?

I've got control region sequence data from a population of shark and I'm looking to convert this from FASTA to FSTAT in order to calculated the effective population size of females. The software I ...
0
votes
2answers
211 views

How to do whole genome sequence alignment in R or Ruby/C++, any good language? [closed]

I need to perform tuberculosis mutation analysis. First step I need to do is to align sequences in fasta format against one reference file. i tried CLC genomics workstation --- it hangs on 60 000 ...
0
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0answers
60 views

How to build gene interaction network based on correlation between gene expression values using software like Cytoscape and R?

How to build gene interaction network based on correlation between gene expression values using software like Cytoscape and R or smth else? I have .tab with gene names and total expression values. ...
0
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0answers
30 views

What log transformation and normalization functions are most commonly used for microarray and how to select them?

Need help on rational approach to choosing log transformation, standartization and normalization functions in microarray experiments. I am using Expander software and it provides Log2 transform and ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

What to do if microarray t-test, ANOVA, SAM and LImma show various selected significant genes?

Need advice: how to approach discrepancy in differential microarray gene expression test results: what to do if ANOVA, ttest, SAM and Limma procedures show different results and especially more ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How to do a whole genome analysis of Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis

I'm looking for tutorials and software that can help me study whole genome sequence data is and genome wide associations. I have Matlab and Bioconductor R so anything involving those packages would be ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Whole genome sequence analysis software

Please help to choose Bioconductor R packages and other software for the whole genome sequence data analysis and, in particlular, the goals of false discovery mutation rate, mutations exclusion, ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Aligning multiple sequences in heterogeneous group

I have a list of ~200 DNA sequences, representing probably 50 different genomic regions but they're all mixed up. For example, if I have seq1, seq2.... seq10, ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Supercomputer and undergraduates [closed]

Is it common for an undergraduate to run their thesis (evolutionary genomics) in a supercomputer? In my country, few supercomputers exist, but I'm not sure how it is for bachelors in the US or Europe. ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

how to reconcile PDB structures' sequences via Uniprot references?

i’m trying to reconcile structures in PDB entries with their sequences as reported in their chemList.polymer.dbref entries. E.g.: considering structures for HIV ...
0
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0answers
18 views

What genetic distance model should be used when calculating genetic differences in Arelquin?

I'm using Arelquin to look at the genetic structure between a number of different populations. I want to compare the populations by producing pairwise FST values, however I don't know what model for ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Download FunCat Database for Programmatic Access

I am enriching RNA-seq data for the fungus Neurospora crassa and would like to be able to search the genome by functional category, determine similarity of genes by category membership, and any other ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Downloading specific yeast genes in an automated manner?

I have 6 genes of Candida albicans yeast namely orf19.723, orf19.5908, orf19.610, ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

How do I import FASTA files into Haploview?

I'm trying to produce a haplotype network and so have decided to use the software haploview. However I'm having some problems importing my sequences into the software. I Have my sequences in a FASTA ...
8
votes
1answer
165 views

Mass spectrometry versus western blotting for validation

I have mass spectrometry data (LC-MS/MS) from rat cortices under either drug or control treatments. The results were performed in triplicate (three pairs of rats, drug or control per pair). In ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Is it possible to dock multiple ligands with the target?

Is it possible to dock multiple ligands with a target? If so, what is the suitable software used for? -- Is it possible to fix specific docking region for the target (or) automatic?
0
votes
1answer
41 views

STRING ID - allelic differences and splice variants

STRING has protein (amino acid sequences) mapped to a single gene ID. I have these doubts with respect to STRING ID. I find that 1.All alleles of a single gene share the same STRING ID and ...
8
votes
1answer
90 views

How to validate the regulatory interactions inferred from gene expression data?

My algorithm learns regulatory interaction between genes using Bayesian Network approach from gene expression data. After the algorithm has converged to a network of interacting genes, how to validate ...
2
votes
3answers
142 views

fastq-dump using mkfifo to stream data

So, fastq-dump has the ability to be run on just an SRA file accession number, such that the SRA is converted to FASTQ on-the-fly, and the SRA doesn't have to be written to disk. I'm curious whether ...