The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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Are there any (chemical) processes occuring inside a seed while it's in a dormant state?

If a seed were in a glass jar without a chance of germination, are there any (chemical) processes occurring inside the seed while it sits there? My intuition tells me no since my understanding of ...
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1answer
15 views

A question regarding trichomes in plants

Trichomes in general are features of xerophytic leaves, which reduce water loss by evaporation by trapping water vapor and increasing humidity (as a result lowering the water potential gradient). BUT ...
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46 views

What is the name of this beautiful white trees?

I found this beautiful white trees in an unknown video.
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12 views

Can plant roots absorb dissolved oxygen from water, or do they require actual bubbles in the water?

Plant roots generally require some exposure to air. Deep water culture is a form of hydroponics where plants' roots are left to soak in water. To keep the roots from "suffocating", most online ...
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20 views

How important is dead wood to the ecology of a forest and how much dead wood should remain?

I have a local 'forest management group' in my area. One of the jobs they do is to thin out the forest by removing some of the trees. They then sell the wood for firewood. I want to tell them to ...
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14 views

Transport of auxin

I read that auxin is transported via active transport unidirectionally, and that this is given a special name—polar transport. However, I’ve seen so many experiments regarding phototropism involving ...
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16 views

Is it possible to inject pigments into a leaf?

Is it possible to introduce exogenic pigments into the leaves of a plant? And, if so, how could you do that? Goals: the plant should not die the pigment should be visible looking at the plant ...
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30 views

Is there a way to identify a species of tree?

My family has been passing down seeds from a lemon tree for about 3 generations now, There is some controversy about its origin or species. The lemons look like tangerines and when cut the pulp is ...
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1answer
21 views

Flower identification (Singapore, April)

I saw some flowers growing by the roadside today, and was wondering about the species of this plant. The plant also appeared to be fruiting, and it produced small fruits that formed small clusters. ...
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8 views

Phototropism or Hydrotropism is a more important factor for trees beside the lakes growing bending to the water?

I see a lot trees beside the lakes are growing bending to the water and I wonder why. After reading this I think it might be a combined effects by: Phototropism: the lake works as a mirror and ...
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40 views

How can a haploid plant be bisexual?

According to Wikipedia: Meiosis is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half. This process occurs in all sexually reproducing single-celled and multicellular ...
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49 views

Why all trees have cylindrical stems?

Why a huge number of trees/plants have cylindrical stems? I have been told that this question's answer lies in Physics but I don't know where to find. Can any one help?
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Have there been any studies on 'surf balls'? (not related to surfing)

I know the title sounds like something else, but I'm actually wondering about these things, which are also apparently called 'whale burps': This one was found on a beach on Lake Michigan. Does ...
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2answers
10 views

Do Class A biosolids count as organic fertiliser?

Does Human Waste, which has been treated at least twice to remove pathogens & remove stink, still count as organic despite it passing the EPA's class A standard? If so, does this mean that ...
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1answer
47 views

Does anyone know the explanation for branches with different flower colors (see picture)?

As you can see in the below picture, there's a branch with white-colored flowers, while the rest of the tree has pink flowers. I googled a number of questions but it is a bit complicated to ...
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1answer
52 views

I need help identifying a completely unknown plant for my biology class

I know two things about this plant 1 is that it does not need to be watered for a long time because it has been able to survive in my schools greenhouse for quite some time without water and 2 my ...
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0answers
17 views

Do any plants grow leaves beneath the ground?

We have a pretty common California weed in our yard. When we dig in the ground, we often find small ones there, with green leaves! It's as if they form green leaves before they come to the surface. ...
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46 views

Behavior of plant guard cells: open or closed stomata

On an exam of mine, I had the following question: The interaction between the guard cells and stomata in a plant leaf can be seen in the diagram below. In which scenario could the guard ...
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3answers
73 views

What type of tree is this?

This is a tree that I have been growing. I'm wondering if this is a mulberry, and if so, what kind? Location is Arizona.
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24 views

How quickly does plant cells regenerate? [closed]

This is a question from my Biology class homework? I've looked online, but I can't find the answer.
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27 views

Why does my corn appear to have perfect flowers?

Corn is said to be a synchronously monoecious plant with separate male and female flowers. I am growing a cross between a Peruvian and heirloom variety which seems to be growing some perfect flowers ...
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21 views

Can humans extract calories from all roots? [closed]

Roots are used for storing plants' energy, which suggests that humans could extract the calories by consuming them. However, I have been unable to find any substantial sources on consuming the roots ...
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0answers
51 views

Why do fruits have to ripen?

It seems like most fruits that we consume undergo some sort of ripening process either before or after they are picked from the vine, tree, etc. I understand that sugars are released during the ...
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2answers
54 views

Current scientific theories for evolution of Cucurbita

I'm attempting to find research on scientific theories surrounding the evolution of certain plants, and am unable to find any footing with respect to a certain genus. In this case, I am researching ...
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19 views

Why do shed and brown poplar (Populus) leaves get an iridescent blueish colour when wet?

When the brown leaves of poplars shed on the ground stay for a while under wet conditions (e.g. like in a puddle), they become a fascinating iridescent blueish colour, which is best seen when light ...
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1answer
31 views

Creation of healthy genetically modified crops [closed]

GM crops are huge at the moment, and the noticeable 'counter movement' is for people to continue to purchase organic foods (please note I am specifically talking of GM crops and not meats, etc). The ...
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0answers
17 views

How does the snail shells' fertilizer compare to regular fertilizers?

May I ask about the quality of the fertilizer derived from the shells and their effectiveness compared to other fertilizers on the market ?
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16 views

Relation b/w venation and transpiration

What purpose does reticulate venation in dorsiventral leaf or parallel venation in isobilateral leaf serve? Does it have any relation with unequal transpiration in dorsiventral leaf or equal ...
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28 views

What are the evolutionary benefits for herbs having beneficial health effects on humans? [duplicate]

There are many types of plants which produce chemicals which can be beneficial in treating human illnesses, or at least alleviate painful symptoms. Why would they do that? Is it just random chance, ...
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38 views

What is this plant/tree? [closed]

I'm trying to identify a plant or tree.Small round Orange to yellow petals with a protruding red stamin. Found in the Florida keys. Sub tropic.
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2answers
187 views

Are these birch or aspen trees?

I was just wondering if anybody could help me identify the trees in this image? I am confused as to whether they are aspen or birch, a mix of the two, or whether the brown/reddish trees are some other ...
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2answers
51 views

Are chilies technically peppers?

Nando's chain of restaurants (UK) refers to chili peppers as just "chilies". My friend and I had a discussion with regard to whether chilies can be called "peppers" or if they do not belong to the ...
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1answer
80 views

Is Asteraceae and Compositae the same family?

I'm wondering what taxonomic family sunflowers (Helianthus) belong to. Although it's mentioned it belongs to family Asteraceae it is also a composite flower. So it belongs to Asteraceae or Compositae ...
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1answer
88 views

Why it seems that principles of chemistry are not being applied in this biochemical process? [closed]

According to an answer in this question, my concept used below does not apply: In the non-cyclic photophosphorylation, consider splitting of two water molecules, then 4 e- (electrons) and 4 H+ ...
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1answer
18 views

Ions in Stomatal Opening Mechanism

When a stoma’s guard cells try to swell and open the stomata, they actively pump out protons outside of the cell. This causes a membrane potential, where the inside of the cell is negative with ...
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18 views

Are there water conservation methods that increase waste instead of reduce it? [closed]

For example, does improperly washing clothes lead to mosquito increases or other-organism morbidity? Does using dish water on the garden attribute to clean water more or more wasted water (is it ...
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0answers
23 views

Database/Reference on optimal conditions for plant growth in greenhouses [closed]

We are a group of computer science students currently working on a university project to create a (almost) self-sufficient greenhouse. The hardware and software aspects being almost finished, we ...
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1answer
18 views

Anemiaceae etymology

What is the etymology of the name Anemiaceae for a family of ferns? I assume that it's from the name Anemia for one of its genera, but that is equally mysterious. Obviously it has no blood, but what ...
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0answers
11 views

In what sense does lichen 'eat around itself'?

Source: pp 31-32, Lichen Secondary Metabolites: Bioactive Properties and Pharmaceutical Potential, edited by Branislav Ranković Lichens are used for many different medicinal purposes, but there ...
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0answers
34 views

Does the bending of a tree's trunk in the wind stimulate and strengthen root growth?

Recently Southern California experienced extreme wind velocities and afterwards the news reported over 300 trees had fallen in San Diego County. I had either heard or read somewhere that the action of ...
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2answers
64 views

Etymology of the term monilophyte

I would like to know the origin of the term Monilophyta. I know it's from Kenrick and Crane, but where did they get monilo-? It's not in my enormous Liddell and Scott Greek dictionary, nor is there ...
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0answers
28 views

Is there a special reason why ferns are so early in evolution?

Reading about plants in history it seems that ferns where already in the Devonian period (400 million years ago) growing. Probably the climate in that time was very different from now, but what made ...
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17 views

How to stimulate Mimosa pudica at its roots?

The sensitive plant Mimosa pudica is a remarkable little plant whose characteristic feature is its ability to droop its leaves when stimulated: For a new studies project, could anyone think of a ...
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1answer
74 views

What is the purpose of THC for a Cannabis plant?

Why does a Cannabis plant produce THC? This question is brought up drawing an analogy to nicotine in tobacco, where nicotine is developed by tobacco plants as a pesticide. Is THC a pesticide as well? ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Why does Citric Acid occur in Citrus fruits?

Why is there so much citric acid in citrus fruits? And how did it evolve i.e. what did it come from? Is it a by-product of the ripening process? Why have citrus fruit evolved a particularly high ...
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0answers
115 views

How do CAM plants keep stomata closed by day and open at night?

I understand how plants open stomata, with the H+ ion removal and the resulting K+ ion influx in the guard cells to induce turgor (wikipedia article here), though not how this process relates to ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Nicotine levels in non fruit/edible parts of plants (that are not tobacco)

I am an ex smoker who now vapes (uses e-cigs). Various authorities are equating vaping with smoking by calling it a 'tobacco product' - which is in a sense true given that the majority of nicotine ...
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1answer
56 views

What is vascular cambium?

I'm confused over the two terms vascular cambium and intrafascicular cambium. Is vascular cambium same as intrafascicular cambium?
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33 views

What are other creatures or plants that leave “recommendations” as ants? [closed]

I'm working on a Semantic Recommendation Systems. In the state-of-the-art, I state the fact that even animals, such as ants, using some kind of recommendations by leaving markers, which are chemical ...
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1answer
53 views

Why does the open tree of life have 2600 species of rose?

The open tree of life has 2754 species and subspecies with the prefix Rosa. Wiki says: There is significant disagreement over the number of true rose species. Some species are so similar that ...