The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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1answer
41 views

Why can't a Corn have 13 rows of seeds?

Every time before eating a corn, I count its lines. I would always find 12 or 14 rows of seeds but never 13. Is there any biological/scientific reason behind this?
3
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1answer
45 views

Help identify this awesome climbing plant with velcro like stem

I got this plant sprouting in my window box this spring. Starting from a single seed, it has grown into an impressive array of branching climbing vines, reaching 6 feet tall. The stem turned red as it ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Difference between thylakoids and lamellae in a chloroplast?

I'm slightly confused as to the difference between thylakoids and lamellae. My understanding was that thylakoids are 'discs' that are stacked into grana and there is a membrane between the grana ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Why Hasn't my Cactus Grown Deadly Spines?

I recently purchased a small cactus plant from my local store for about $5. I've been giving the cactus lots of sunlight and a good watering every week. I've noticed that since I bought it, the ...
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0answers
20 views

Gymnosperm Spores and Seeds

In gymnosperms, what is the difference between spores and seeds? My textbook does not explain it clearly. Are seeds released during reproduction or are the spores released during reproduction? In the ...
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1answer
39 views

What is this vinca like vine?

What is this vinca like vine? Is it poisonous? 62521 USA Illinois
2
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1answer
71 views

Species identification, tree from Ecuador

This tree is recently photographed in Quito, Ecuador. It grows everywhere. I'm new to South American flora, so I'd like to know what the species it is?
2
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0answers
17 views

What should be the distance between plant promoter and gene?

I am trying to clone a rice gene under a different endogenous rice promoter.I will be cloning the CDS of the rice gene.So I wanted to know what is the minimum or maximum distance I should put between ...
1
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1answer
25 views

How long does it take for commercial fertilizers to break down? [closed]

Sometimes we buy carrots that are abit bitter, it's the taste of fertilzer. Once i put a tomato in the fridge, and when i ate it, it was bitter like shweppes, and i figured that was fertilizer also. ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Rhizosphere vs. Endorhiza?

In microbiology and the naming of the various areas of the plant as it relates to microbial inhabitance, I am confused as to the difference between the terms endorhiza and rhizosphere. In this case I ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Sansevieria species specification needed

What are the botanical differences between the species S. parva and S. senegambica? Please highlight the main ones. I have 2 groups of plants. One with label "Sansevieria dooneri" (a synonym of S. ...
3
votes
2answers
28 views

Is the water transpired by plants pure H₂O, or does it contain trace minerals?

I'm considering the idea of drinking water that I trap from what is transpired by trees. Interestingly, is this water a fairly (or maybe even extraordinarily) pure form of H₂O, a remarkably pure ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Why do pine stands exist?

I live in the midwestern United States. I cycle to work, sometimes on heavily wooded roads, and I can't help but notice that in most places within the surrounding deciduous forests Pine and evergreen ...
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1answer
30 views

What is the name of this big plant with a purple trunk and green to purple berries? [duplicate]

I have photographed the following plant in our garden in Pittsburgh, PA. Do you know the name of the plant?
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Pollinator mating system in orchids

I came across three terms in an article on pseudocopulation. However I don't quite understand what it means. They are: 1) solitary and haplodiploid 2) social and haplodiploid 3) diploid These ...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

What is the name of this plant with many purple blooms with orange inner parts?

I have photographed the following plant in Pittsburgh, PA. It has many blooms and every bloom is very small (about 5mm diameter), purple on the outer and orange in the inner. You can see it here: ...
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0answers
56 views

Genetically modified Klebsiella Planticola nearly bulldozers plant life as we know it?

The article "The Bacterium That (Almost) Ate the World" by Elaine Ingham (see also here or here) describes a genetically modified bacterium that would break down cellulose plant matter into alcohol: ...
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0answers
9 views

Potential evapotranspiration constant for trees in the area of London

I am trying to find the ET0 (Potential evapotranspiration) under the climate conditions of London (UK) and Coimbra (Portugal) for each month. From what I understand these data is available in the ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Convergent evolution of fruits

Many fruits are not homologous, originating from different parts of a plant. Yet they all have similar properties: Ripe fruits all have yellow to dark red color They all have a lot of water and ...
2
votes
2answers
381 views

Is dried grain dead or dormant?

Is dried grain considered dead or dormant botanically? Related to a BH-SE question.
3
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1answer
71 views

is it necessary that every theca of an angiospermic anther must contain two microsporangia

i basically don't know the procedure or sequence of steps involved in the formation of anthers but i have read it somewhere it is formed from the dedifferentiation of shoot apical meristem of the ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Is this pCAMBIA co-transformation possible?

I would like to know whether the pCAMBIA1200 and pCAMBIA0380 be used for co-transformation of rice using Agrobacterium LBA4404.They probably have the same ori site so they belong to the same ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Leaves not liked by herbivores

I at times have many goats grazing in our locality. Recently a few cows were seen too. I just offered one of the cows a few leaves from Jasminum sambac plant growing in our garden. The cow smelled and ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Why doesn't the herbicide 2,4-D damage lawn grass?

I sometimes use 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid to control broadleaved weeds in lawns. It is selective, and quickly kills the dicot weeds, while other plants are unharmed. 2,4-D is a synthetic auxin, ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

How can a plant resist glyphosate (Roundup) herbicide?

In my area, the most common weeds that strongly resists (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) (glyphosate) are the horseweed, or mare's tail, Conyza canadensis, and Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense There are ...
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0answers
17 views

Why doesn't Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl damage cool season lawns?

For controlling bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon, a serious perennial grassy lawn weed in my area, I use the herbicide Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl. It kills the bermudagrass rather well, without damaging the ...
2
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0answers
27 views

How does Halosulfuron-methyl kill nutsedge, while leaving lawn grass and most weeds undamaged?

I use Halosulfuron-methyl to control yellow and purple nutsedge in lawns. This chemical acts by interfering with the acetolactate synthase enzyme, which quickly slows cell division, and growth at all ...
4
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0answers
24 views

How does MSMA kill crabgrass with only minimal damage to lawn grasses?

I use MSMA (Monosodium methyl arsenate) to kill crabgrass in lawns. I am not certain of the mode of action. How does this chemical work? How does it target the annual grassy weeds, without damaging ...
4
votes
0answers
22 views

Why doesn't Clopyralid damage cool season lawn grasses?

I use Clopyralid (3,6-dichloro-2-pyridinecarboxilic acid) to kill broad leaved weeds in lawns. From my understanding, it works by mimicking an auxin which affects plant growth. Naturally this pulls ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Gender and age-specific mutation rate in plants

Background General concept According to Cochran and Harpending (2013), mothers transmits on average a number $x$ of new mutations to their offspring. This number $x$ is independent of the age of the ...
3
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0answers
37 views

Does a presence of ants on a plant mean that the plant has been infested by aphids?

Ants protect aphids from their predators (such as ladybirds): Aphids and other hemipteran insects secrete a sweet liquid called honeydew, when they feed on plant sap. The sugars in honeydew are a ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Why are watermelons sweeter in the center?

Today I had a slice of watermelon and when I reached the outer parts of the pulp I wondered why those are less sweet. Whether or not the sugar occurs in crystalline form in watermelons is still an ...
6
votes
4answers
522 views

Is it possible to genetically modify a plant at home?

Would I be able to genetically modify a plant at home? What equipment will be necessary? I think it might be a fun change from the 'norm'. Are some plants easier to modify than others?
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Are there any air-plants with parts that are edible for humans?

Are any air plants (Tillansia sp.) safe for humans to eat? I haven't been able to find whether or not there are. Pineapple is in the same family (Bromeliaceae), but isn't an air plant.
8
votes
1answer
138 views

How did these apples grow together?

I came through this pic while scrolling through facebook, and it was a bit strange to me. As far as I know apples have a corymbose type of inflorescence, in which a single pedicel ends in a single ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

How is this yellow bumblebee called that I photographed in New York City?

Does anybody know the name of this bumblebee? (For categorization on wikipedia commons)
3
votes
1answer
519 views

What is the name of this flower with purple leaves and orange inner part in NYC?

I've photographed this flower a few days ago in New York City: Does anybody know the name of it? (and how is the orange part called?)
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Is it dangerous to eat a mutated eggplant descended from a radioactive ancestor?

What is the risk, if any, associated with eating a 100th-generation mutated eggplant derived from a radioactive ancestor? In another word, is that possible that organic toxin will be produced by the ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

What is the name of this plant?

This plant was found growing in Germany. I have never seen it before, reverse Google image search did not help either. Can you help me identify what type of plant this is? Thanks, looks like it ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

why are neutral [sterile] female flowers present in inflorescences when they are reproductively incompatible

in many compound and special inflorescences like spadix and hypanthodium there are sterile female flowers along with male and female fertile flowers and are often present in between male and female ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Significance of synthesis of D-glucose in plants..?

why plants can only synthesize D-glucose why not L-glucose along with D glucose. I know it very well that plants have only enzymes which can synthesize D-glucose but Why not they have enzymes which ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How can I determine the gender of a tree seedling?

I would like to plant some home grown female mulberry trees in a circle, with a male plant in the center for pollination. How do I determine the gender of a tree seedling? I know it's possible, ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

What is the difference between drought resistant non-succulent plants and plants that cannot be allowed to dry out?

What features make one plant able to withstand dry spells better than another with relatively similar structure? For instance, one of my Rudbeckias is wilting from drought at the moment, and an ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What is the name of this type of inflorescence?

I was having a look at a rhizophora plant (from the mangrove family), and I got curious about its inflorescence. I can't make out what kind of inflorescence it is. Here is a photo of the ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

How does boiling water revive cut flowers?

A classic tip to revive wilted cut flowers is to plunge the stem into boiling water for some period of time, and then back into cold water. What process is occurring that causes the flower to be ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How do some plants grow in salt water, while others die?

My question is basically out of curiosity and comes from observing how certain plants (such as mangroves or salt cedar) can grow in seawater. If this gives the plant an advantage, why haven't all ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

What is doubling of genetic material invented in flowering plants?

David Attenborough in his Kingdom of Plants 3D said, that flowering plants made two inventions: (1) doubling of genetic material and (2) symbiosis with animals. What was meant by "doubling of genetic ...
3
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2answers
91 views

Where do trees get their shape?

Does anyone know any good resources dealing with shapes of trees? For example, pine trees are cone shaped for optimal absorption of sunlight, but lone pine trees growing in isolation (and other ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Confusion regarding seedless grape and the normal process of germination

In general, does seedless grape by definition contains seed or is the seed small enough that the process of ingestion creates the illusion that there is no seed? If the latter is true, is the ...
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1answer
24 views

Silene virginica Endangered in FL

Why is Silene virginica, colloquially known as Fire Pink, endangered in Florida? What factors besides human industrialization are affecting its survival there?