The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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Ions in Stomatal Opening Mechanism

When a stoma’s guard cells try to swell and open the stomata, they actively pump out protons outside of the cell. This causes a membrane potential, where the inside of the cell is negative with ...
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14 views

Are there water conservation methods that increase waste instead of reduce it? [on hold]

For example, does improperly washing clothes lead to mosquito increases or other-organism morbidity? Does using dish water on the garden attribute to clean water more or more wasted water (is it ...
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0answers
16 views

What is suction tension? [on hold]

I have come across the term and don't get the meaning. I'm seeking an explanation. I've seared the internet. Thank you.
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1answer
3k views

How does a pine cone open?

When a pine cone is wet, it remains closed. However, when it's dry it opens again. From the perspective of physics or biomechanics, what is the mechanism that allows a pine cone to open and close as ...
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2answers
231 views

How many ATP are formed?

What is the number of ATP molecules formed during the photosynthetic processes which consume 8 molecules of $\text{H}_2\text{O}$ due to noncyclic electron transport and subsequent ...
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0answers
13 views

Database/Reference on optimal conditions for plant growth in greenhouses [on hold]

We are a group of computer science students currently working on a university project to create a (almost) self-sufficient greenhouse. The hardware and software aspects being almost finished, we ...
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1answer
13 views

Anemiaceae etymology

What is the etymology of the name Anemiaceae for a family of ferns? I assume that it's from the name Anemia for one of its genera, but that is equally mysterious. Obviously it has no blood, but what ...
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2answers
97 views

Why aren't plants' roots as diverse as leaves?

I have been doing some gardening recently and I suddenly realised that all plants have superficially identical non-woody roots of the same size from gigantic trees to small fruiting plants and ...
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0answers
8 views

In what sense does lichen 'eat around itself'?

Source: pp 31-32, Lichen Secondary Metabolites: Bioactive Properties and Pharmaceutical Potential, edited by Branislav Ranković Lichens are used for many different medicinal purposes, but there ...
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0answers
21 views

Does the bending of a tree's trunk in the wind stimulate and strengthen root growth?

Recently Southern California experienced extreme wind velocities and afterwards the news reported over 300 trees had fallen in San Diego County. I had either heard or read somewhere that the action of ...
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2answers
77 views

Why do pine stands exist?

I live in the midwestern United States. I cycle to work, sometimes on heavily wooded roads, and I can't help but notice that in most places within the surrounding deciduous forests Pine and evergreen ...
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4answers
4k views

Do plants with non-green leaves have chlorophyll and photosynthesis?

Is it even possible that plants with non-green leaves have chlorophyll, and do such non-green leaved plants carry out photosynthesis?
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29 views

Etymology of the term monilophyte

I would like to know the origin of the term Monilophyta. I know it's from Kenrick and Crane, but where did they get monilo-? It's not in my enormous Liddell and Scott Greek dictionary, nor is there ...
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25 views

Is there a special reason why ferns are so early in evolution?

Reading about plants in history it seems that ferns where already in the Devonian period (400 million years ago) growing. Probably the climate in that time was very different from now, but what made ...
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11 views

How to stimulate Mimosa pudica at its roots?

The sensitive plant Mimosa pudica is a remarkable little plant whose characteristic feature is its ability to droop its leaves when stimulated: For a new studies project, could anyone think of a ...
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3answers
226 views

What is Growing on These Tree Leaves? (Image)

I found a seemingly diseased tree when I was out playing tennis yesterday... What is growing on this tree leaf? Is this a disease? If so, is it contagious? I have zero knowledge in botany, but I'm ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the purpose of THC for a Cannabis plant?

Why does a Cannabis plant produce THC? This question is brought up drawing an analogy to nicotine in tobacco, where nicotine is developed by tobacco plants as a pesticide. Is THC a pesticide as well? ...
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1answer
31 views

Can galls be formed from mutualistic relationships?

According to Wikipedia, galls (cecidia) are formed by parasitic insects and mites like gall wasps (Neuroterus albipes). At some metamorphic stage, these organisms alter cell division processes in ...
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1answer
92 views

Why does Citric Acid occur in Citrus fruits?

Why is there so much citric acid in citrus fruits? And how did it evolve i.e. what did it come from? Is it a by-product of the ripening process? Why have citrus fruit evolved a particularly high ...
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1answer
56 views

Possible calculations with temperature, humidity, images and VIS spectrum of a plant in an Integrating sphere

I am currently working on a project which involves growing some plants in a integrating sphere made of foam. I have added temperature, humidity and soil moisture sensors as well as a Spectrometer (350 ...
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65 views

How do CAM plants keep stomata closed by day and open at night?

I understand how plants open stomata, with the H+ ion removal and the resulting K+ ion influx in the guard cells to induce turgor (wikipedia article here), though not how this process relates to ...
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1answer
33 views

Difference between the P4 and P5 subtypes of P-type ATPases in plants

In plants there are various kinds of P-type ATPases. What is difference between P4-ATPase and P5-ATPase?
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1answer
34 views

Nicotine levels in non fruit/edible parts of plants (that are not tobacco)

I am an ex smoker who now vapes (uses e-cigs). Various authorities are equating vaping with smoking by calling it a 'tobacco product' - which is in a sense true given that the majority of nicotine ...
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2answers
200 views

Indian tropical fruit trees and fruit bearing

Most Indian tropical fruit trees produce fruits in April-May. The best possible explanation for this is optimum water availability for fruit production. the heat allows quicker ripening ...
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1answer
18 views

What is vascular cambium?

I'm confused over the two terms vascular cambium and intrafascicular cambium. Is vascular cambium same as intrafascicular cambium?
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3answers
89 views

Doubly-compound leaf examples?

I've got a project where we collect leaves, classify them, etc. There are some required classifications. One of the requirements is to get a doubly-compound leaf. What are some trees that are ...
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0answers
32 views

What are other creatures or plants that leave “recommendations” as ants? [closed]

I'm working on a Semantic Recommendation Systems. In the state-of-the-art, I state the fact that even animals, such as ants, using some kind of recommendations by leaving markers, which are chemical ...
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1answer
45 views

Why does the open tree of life have 2600 species of rose?

The open tree of life has 2754 species and subspecies with the prefix Rosa. Wiki says: There is significant disagreement over the number of true rose species. Some species are so similar that ...
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1answer
3k views

What is it that creates that wonderful smell after a fresh rain?

I've heard that the wonderful smell of a fresh rain is actually chemicals released from the trees and grass and other plants. What is the process that allows these chemicals to be released? What ...
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1answer
45 views

Is there a model perennial plant species?

Most of plant science is conducted on small annual species with short life cycles; predominantly Arabidopsis thaliana, but also a handful of others like Oryza sativa and Medicago truncatula etc. Is ...
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1answer
43 views

Genomic DNA isolation from Wheat

Can I use dry seed, wheat for example, in place of young leaves for isolation and purification of genomic DNA for PCR amplification. The goal of my experiment is to validate a novel gene which is ...
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0answers
209 views

Is it possible to simulate the effects of high altitudes for plants?

Note- I considered asking this on gardening.stackexchange.com but i believe it is better suited for this site since it deals with more complicated material. As I understand it, certain plants ...
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1answer
2k views

How do lilies sense day and night and open and close their flowers?

We have lots of lily flowers inside our garden. Their flowers are open in day and closed in night. How do lilies sense day and night and open and close their flowers?
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1answer
35 views

Determine which seed will germinate first

I recently studied about plant physiology for a test. Strangely, there was this question which I had no idea how to approach. The question is, Which seed will germinate first? a) Castor b) Wheat ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Photoperiodism: Short-Day Plants

My Campbell's Biology textbook discusses photoperiodism of plants and introduces us to short-day and long-day plants. What I don't understand is why short day plants will not flower if they are ...
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1answer
2k views

Why can't a corn cob have 13 rows of seeds?

Every time before eating a corn, I count its lines. I would always find 12 or 14 rows of seeds, but never 13. Is there any biological/scientific reason behind this?
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1answer
86 views

Why is photosynthesis so complex?

Actually, what is the need of such long procedure? As much as I have understood, the sole purpose of photosynthesis is to synthesize carbohydrates, which is only used for energy storage. So, why don't ...
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1answer
85 views

Why would the citrulline content of the watermelon be so high?

Citrulline is a non-proteinogenic amino acid (that is, citrulline is an amino acid that is not coded for in mRNA), and it is an important metabolic intermediate in the Urea Cycle. The Urea Cycle is ...
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1answer
54 views

What are allogametes? please explain [closed]

Allo means different or unrelated I guess.Please clear me the meaning with some examples.
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1answer
31 views

What are the hairs/spikes on the edges of these leaves for?

Windows 7 has a wallpaper/background which shows an attractive, leafy plant with fine hairs or spikes on the edges. What might these be for, and what sort of plant is it? My initial (uneducated) ...
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0answers
51 views

What is the advantage of using plant-derived antibacterials rather than bacteria-derived antibacterials?

So obviously we have a big problem with antibiotic resistance. Most of our antibiotics originate from bacteria themselves (or are synthetic variations on scaffolds which originate from bacteria). I ...
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0answers
16 views

Machine-readable APG III trees?

Does anyone know where I can find a machine-readable version of the phylogenetic trees from APG III? I'm looking for something that contains the full tree structure, including unnamed branches. ...
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2answers
87 views

How do plants get their O₂ for respiration during the night?

If I am not mistaken the stomata are closed during the night. As a result I have a hard time to imagine how the plant can get the O2 it needs for respiration during the night. I thought the plant ...
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0answers
19 views

How does the shape of the structure explain the function of that structure in both plant animal cells? [closed]

Could some please tell me how the structure explain the function of something in plant and animal cells, it is in middle school level.
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0answers
36 views

“Signal Advance”: Unsure of meaning or contextual use

I am reading through Recombinant DNA; Genes and Genomes - A Short Course - Third Edition by James D. Watson, et. al. and I came across this paragraph in the discussion about discrete factors of ...
3
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1answer
188 views

What are these white spots on a dracena

I have a Dracaena Marginata which started to have some white spots. They turn out to be some kind of "mold" which can be removed when swapping the leaf and then leaves some discolored spots ...
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1answer
23 views

What is the lifecycle of hanging woody vines?

In the first ten seconds of this video, you can see a vine that appears to have started its life 60 feet up in a tree and has now grown down almost close enough to touch the ground. I have seen ...
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0answers
17 views

Yew seed dormancy reduction

Yew seeds have very long dormancy when artificially planted. They are also adapted to passage through digestive systems of animals that eat/transport them. But could the dormancy be shorter (or the ...
3
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2answers
40 views

What is this species of tree?

In my city, there is a unique tree, with thorns all over it. I would like to know - what species is this?
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1answer
22 views

Santa Fe xeric indigenous tree

The hills around Santa Fe are covered in a particular xeric tree which is quite small and looks like some kind of juniper which I have been unable to identify: What is this species?