The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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7
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2answers
70 views

Does anyone know the explanation for branches with different flower colors (see picture)?

As you can see in the below picture, there's a branch with white-colored flowers, while the rest of the tree has pink flowers. I googled a number of questions but it is a bit complicated to ...
9
votes
3answers
832 views

Why do many fruit trees have five-petaled flowers?

Peach, pear, apple, cherry, and many other fruit trees seem to have flowers comprised of five petals. Assuming there is no evolutionary advantage to confusing students of trees, is there a plausible ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Moss Transportation System

In my biology textbook, it says that mosses are avasculer and do not have xylem like spermatophytes. So by what means do mosses transport nutrients ?
7
votes
2answers
24k views

What factors affect the rate of transpiration in plant leaves?

I'm trying to get my head around factors which affect transpiration in leaves. For example, how would applying petroleum jelly to the surface of plant leaves affect their rate of transpiration? I ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Plasmolysis vs Flaccidity in cells

When is a cell said to be flaccid and when is it called plasmolysed? So far I found that there is a specific relation to osmosis.
1
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2answers
14 views

Do Class A biosolids count as organic fertiliser?

Does Human Waste, which has been treated at least twice to remove pathogens & remove stink, still count as organic despite it passing the EPA's class A standard? If so, does this mean that none-...
1
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1answer
23 views

Are there any (chemical) processes occuring inside a seed while it's in a dormant state?

If a seed were in a glass jar without a chance of germination, are there any (chemical) processes occurring inside the seed while it sits there? My intuition tells me no since my understanding of ...
1
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1answer
32 views

A question regarding trichomes in plants

Trichomes in general are features of xerophytic leaves, which reduce water loss by evaporation by trapping water vapor and increasing humidity (as a result lowering the water potential gradient). BUT ...
1
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1answer
68 views

What is the name of this beautiful white trees?

I found this beautiful white trees in an unknown video.
2
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1answer
28 views

How important is dead wood to the ecology of a forest and how much dead wood should remain?

I have a local 'forest management group' in my area. One of the jobs they do is to thin out the forest by removing some of the trees. They then sell the wood for firewood. I want to tell them to ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Can plant roots absorb dissolved oxygen from water, or do they require actual bubbles in the water?

Plant roots generally require some exposure to air. Deep water culture is a form of hydroponics where plants' roots are left to soak in water. To keep the roots from "suffocating", most online ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Transport of auxin

I read that auxin is transported via active transport unidirectionally, and that this is given a special name—polar transport. However, I’ve seen so many experiments regarding phototropism involving ...
3
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0answers
59 views

What Chemical Trigger Causes Ectomycorrhiza To Change From Asexual To Sexual?

I want to know the trigger behind the change of asexual to sexual ectomycorrhiza when symbiosis with a tree root is formed. As ectomycorrhiza attaches itself to a root, it forms a relationship wherein ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is it possible to inject pigments into a leaf?

Is it possible to introduce exogenic pigments into the leaves of a plant? And, if so, how could you do that? Goals: the plant should not die the pigment should be visible looking at the plant (...
4
votes
4answers
705 views

What kind of tree could this be?

This may be a strange question, but does anyone know what kind of tree this could be? I know, it's just a comic, but these trees, at “walking distance” within that comic are easily identifiable as ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Genomic DNA isolation from wheat

Can I use dry seed, wheat for example, in place of young leaves for isolation and purification of genomic DNA for PCR amplification? The goal of my experiment is to validate a novel gene which is ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Is there a way to identify a species of tree?

My family has been passing down seeds from a lemon tree for about 3 generations now, There is some controversy about its origin or species. The lemons look like tangerines and when cut the pulp is ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Flower identification (Singapore, April)

I saw some flowers growing by the roadside today, and was wondering about the species of this plant. The plant also appeared to be fruiting, and it produced small fruits that formed small clusters.
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Phototropism or Hydrotropism is a more important factor for trees beside the lakes growing bending to the water?

I see a lot trees beside the lakes are growing bending to the water and I wonder why. After reading this I think it might be a combined effects by: Phototropism: the lake works as a mirror and ...
1
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1answer
48 views

How can a haploid plant be bisexual?

According to Wikipedia: Meiosis is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half. This process occurs in all sexually reproducing single-celled and multicellular ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Why all trees have cylindrical stems?

Why a huge number of trees/plants have cylindrical stems? I have been told that this question's answer lies in Physics but I don't know where to find. Can any one help?
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Have there been any studies on 'surf balls'? (not related to surfing)

I know the title sounds like something else, but I'm actually wondering about these things, which are also apparently called 'whale burps': This one was found on a beach on Lake Michigan. Does ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

I need help identifying a completely unknown plant for my biology class

I know two things about this plant 1 is that it does not need to be watered for a long time because it has been able to survive in my schools greenhouse for quite some time without water and 2 my ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Do any plants grow leaves beneath the ground?

We have a pretty common California weed in our yard. When we dig in the ground, we often find small ones there, with green leaves! It's as if they form green leaves before they come to the surface. ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Behavior of plant guard cells: open or closed stomata

On an exam of mine, I had the following question: The interaction between the guard cells and stomata in a plant leaf can be seen in the diagram below. In which scenario could the guard ...
8
votes
1answer
106 views

Help Identifying Tree

I live in the upper southeastern region of Arizona in U.S. There's a type of tree growing in my back yard that I can't seem to identify. Its growing in an arrangement very similar to an ocotillo plant....
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Why does Citric Acid occur in Citrus fruits?

Why is there so much citric acid in citrus fruits? And how did it evolve i.e. what did it come from? Is it a by-product of the ripening process? Why have citrus fruit evolved a particularly high ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Difference between thylakoids and lamellae in a chloroplast?

I'm slightly confused as to the difference between thylakoids and lamellae. My understanding was that thylakoids are 'discs' that are stacked into grana and there is a membrane between the grana ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Do immature fruits perform photosynthesis?

Most immature fruits are green: peppers, pine cones, plums, lots of them. I want to know if the green is from chlorophyll in the cells. Do the fruit cells perform photosynthesis? When you cover a ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

If oxygen is such a good energy source, why do plants release it?

Why do plants release excess oxygen, rather than consuming it entirely given it is an excellent energy source?
35
votes
4answers
7k views

Why would a plant evolve to produce an addictive chemical?

It seems kind of anti-productive in terms of survival for a plant to produce an addictive chemical as that plant will constantly be sought after by animals that ingest it. In this instance, I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

Current scientific theories for evolution of Cucurbita

I'm attempting to find research on scientific theories surrounding the evolution of certain plants, and am unable to find any footing with respect to a certain genus. In this case, I am researching ...
5
votes
2answers
132 views

What happens if we continuously stimulate a mimosa plant?

I know there is some mechanism in humans by which we start to ignore a certain stimuli if it persists for a long time (e.g., we don't feel our shoes all the time !). Can the same thing happen in ...
16
votes
1answer
630 views

What kind of fruit is this?

Just spotted this fruit while walking to school. It's the size of a small coin.The taste is almost sour and tangy and somewhat sweet (I only tried one of them and very little of it). I admit, I've ...
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0answers
25 views

How quickly does plant cells regenerate? [closed]

This is a question from my Biology class homework? I've looked online, but I can't find the answer.
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0answers
31 views

Why does my corn appear to have perfect flowers?

Corn is said to be a synchronously monoecious plant with separate male and female flowers. I am growing a cross between a Peruvian and heirloom variety which seems to be growing some perfect flowers ...
10
votes
1answer
156 views

Why aren't plants' roots as diverse as leaves?

I have been doing some gardening recently and I suddenly realised that all plants have superficially identical non-woody roots of the same size from gigantic trees to small fruiting plants and ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Can humans extract calories from all roots? [closed]

Roots are used for storing plants' energy, which suggests that humans could extract the calories by consuming them. However, I have been unable to find any substantial sources on consuming the roots ...
4
votes
0answers
20 views

Why do shed and brown poplar (Populus) leaves get an iridescent blueish colour when wet?

When the brown leaves of poplars shed on the ground stay for a while under wet conditions (e.g. like in a puddle), they become a fascinating iridescent blueish colour, which is best seen when light ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Creation of healthy genetically modified crops [closed]

GM crops are huge at the moment, and the noticeable 'counter movement' is for people to continue to purchase organic foods (please note I am specifically talking of GM crops and not meats, etc). The ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Is chlorophyll living or non living?

Is chlorophyll living or non living, and after boiling the water out of a chlorophyll extract would it still live, as in would it still maintain its properties after re-adding liquid to the dried ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

What is the purpose of THC for a Cannabis plant?

Why does a Cannabis plant produce THC? This question is brought up drawing an analogy to nicotine in tobacco, where nicotine is developed by tobacco plants as a pesticide. Is THC a pesticide as well? ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Possible calculations with temperature, humidity, images and VIS spectrum of a plant in an Integrating sphere

I am currently working on a project which involves growing some plants in a integrating sphere made of foam. I have added temperature, humidity and soil moisture sensors as well as a Spectrometer (350 ...
1
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3answers
447 views

Doubly-compound leaf examples?

I've got a project where we collect leaves, classify them, etc. There are some required classifications. One of the requirements is to get a doubly-compound leaf. What are some trees that are doubly-...
2
votes
1answer
613 views

What is the difference between taxonomical aids Flora, Manual and Catalogue?

The three type of books mentioned above are taxonomical aids that offer information about species found in an area. However, the exact difference between them is not clear to me. Please explain.
6
votes
2answers
761 views

Are these birch or aspen trees?

I was just wondering if anybody could help me identify the trees in this image? I am confused as to whether they are aspen or birch, a mix of the two, or whether the brown/reddish trees are some other ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Are chilies technically peppers?

Nando's chain of restaurants (UK) refers to chili peppers as just "chilies". My friend and I had a discussion with regard to whether chilies can be called "peppers" or if they do not belong to the ...
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0answers
22 views

How does the snail shells' fertilizer compare to regular fertilizers?

May I ask about the quality of the fertilizer derived from the shells and their effectiveness compared to other fertilizers on the market ?
4
votes
2answers
95 views

What plant is this?

It was all along a fence in a downtown core in Ottawa, flowering in November. I didn't get a better close-up of the flower itself, I had thought the leaves would be pretty important.
1
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0answers
22 views

Relation b/w venation and transpiration

What purpose does reticulate venation in dorsiventral leaf or parallel venation in isobilateral leaf serve? Does it have any relation with unequal transpiration in dorsiventral leaf or equal ...