The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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Plant dependence on CO₂ levels

I was wondering which kind of plants would survive longest without CO2 : plants with fatty, thick leaves or plants with thinner, less fatty leaves? And can we conclude that the plant species that are ...
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47 views

How is the reflectance spectrum of solids measured?

I was reading this question about autumn leaf colors. One of the answers refers to an article by Archetti et al. In the article, box 4 (page 5) shows the reflectance spectra of leaves of different ...
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256 views

What is this plant …?

I would like to know what is this plant ? Does anybody have an idea ? Somebody offered it to me but there is no explanation about how to care about it... Some purple flowers appeared, during 2-3 ...
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1answer
95 views

Is a Ginkgo tree a conifer?

I know Ginkgo is a gymnosperm, but I was wondering whether Ginkgo is also technically a conifer. I did a Google search, and found several confident authoritative-sounding answers. Unfortunately, those ...
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1answer
80 views

What is the name of this plant? (found in a rock)

I found it in Western Turkey.It was growing on a rock so what's it?
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61 views

Grafting vegetables onto fruit-bearing trees

There are multi-fruit trees with as many as 40 different fruit, but would it be possible to graft a vegetable onto a tree? Or maybe something in between, like grafting onto an apple tree a fruits in ...
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464 views

Are pulp cells (in oranges) normal plant cells?

Does a pulp cell contain all the elements that a 'normal' plant cell contains? I've searched for an hour to find more information about this but couldn't find anything useful. Is the pulp cell the ...
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2answers
719 views

Do electromagnetic waves outside the visible spectrum have any role in photosynthesis?

Does photosynthesis occur only in the visible spectrum? If there is a way to completely remove all other electromagnetic bands from the sunlight, including infrared (IR), will photosynthesis continue ...
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what's the vascular cambium?

is the vascular cambium equivalent to interfascular cambium or intrafascular cambium? isn't the vascular cambium similar to the intrafascular cambium because both occur inside the vascular bundle
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3answers
65 views

Identifying a tree with an image

I have trouble identifying a tree that I saw on a vacation. This is the image: I would like to know the name of the tree, I only know that its not European.
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37 views

Can plants grow under extreme (>1%) carbon dioxide concentrations?

Related to but distinct from this question due to the concentrations involved. While small carbon dioxide concentration increases can positively impact plant growth under some circumstances and at ...
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1answer
71 views

What does the empty space in the bamboo stem do?

Is the empty space inside a bamboo stem a xylem? And why is the space so large?
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60 views

Why are some vegetables/fruits seasonal?

How does the mango tree perceive the summer season, so tree starts producing the fruits? Every tree requires sunlight to grow but what limits the production of fruits to a certain season? For ...
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40 views

Coniferous trees in temperare rain forests

In temperate rainforest, the dominant plant form is often coniferous trees (source). However, coniferous trees are also the dominant plant form in a very different climate and form a different biome ...
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35 views

Native vs Immigrant plants [closed]

Is this statement applicable to any known plant/region combinations? Plant species X, Y, and Z are truly indigenous to region R. Other "immigrant" species can be destroyed by drought or harsh ...
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24 views

What's the more abundant biopolymer: chitin or (ligno)cellulose?

Chitin is considered the most abundant polymer after cellulose (e.g., Rinaudo, 2006). Does anyone know of specific biomass estimates in literature, probably also differentiating between terrestrial ...
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2answers
149 views

What does “chlorophyll photosynthesis peak” mean in relation to photon wavelength?

When reading about how green / leafy plants work, I saw that they have chlorophyll A & B, which allow the plant to use the energy from light by capturing and transforming. When reading about ...
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1answer
49 views

Molds and fungi usually found on book pages: identifying and preventing further spread

I know I can use bleach to kill most of the spores that live on my walls. I know I have to keep humidity below a certain level and temperature above another to prevent the spread of mold. I have read ...
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0answers
17 views

Why do Sorghum Bicolor leaves roll up?

In A level Bio today we talked about abcesic acid as a stress hormone, and its ability to reduce osmotic potential around guard cells to close stomata. My question is, is abscesic acid in sorghum ...
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1answer
73 views

Ants eating bark [closed]

Was out walking in the park today, came across a tree, and me being me I thought "Hey lets try climbing this thing for fun." But something strange struck me, the tree was completely devoid, as in ...
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0answers
33 views

Rosemary room temperature at winter

I consistently read in non-scientific resources that I have to put my rosemary to low temperature (about 10°C) in winter (unless I don't want it to freeze). I googled, but I fail to find a scientific ...
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46 views
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30 views

Endemic plant families on islands?

Endemism on islands is quite a common phenomenon, at least at the level of species or genera. Old continental fragments like Madagascar or New Caledonia may even harbour endemic families which went ...
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69 views

Why vivipary is not found in all mangrove plants?

An interesting characteristic feature of mangrove plants is vivipary or viviparous germination...but some notable members of the family like Heritiera sp.( there is even a mangrove forest named after ...
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1answer
1k views

Ripening bananas artificially: What is the biological reason

I am a resident of the tropical island of Sri Lanka, and we have a strange traditional method to ripen our bananas quickly. What we do is this: We dig a pit in earth that is enough to put the whole ...
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3answers
231 views

Where does crop biomass come from?

Each year, large volumes of crop are harvested from fields. Where does this biomass get replenished from?
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41 views

Why are the genomes of some trees so large?

For example, the current longest known genome belongs to a tree: http://motherboard.vice.com/read/the-largest-genome-ever-sequenced-belongs-to-a-tree I have heard that this could potentially be ...
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1answer
25 views

Does the tannin level in plants go down or up after they die? Or does the tannin level stay the same regardless?

Does the tannin level in plants go down or up after they die? Or does the tannin level stay the same regardless? As they decay, do they release more tannins or does the production stop?
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117 views

Biological age of grafted plants

Suppose you graft a piece of an existing 'old' plant. Will it continue to grow having the same biological age as its parent? I.e., would it die at the same time as its parent? Or would the process of ...
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what is the role of ctab in plant dna extraction [duplicate]

i get good results for dna extraction by using ctab method but i doesn't have that proper information for role/function of ctab and other chemical. Anyone know, please briefly explain ......
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66 views

Is it possible to simulate the effects of high altitudes for plants?

Note- I considered asking this on gardening.stackexchange.com but i believe it is better suited for this site since it deals with more complicated material. As I understand it, certain plants ...
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1answer
94 views

What does the root “phyllum” mean used botanical binomial nomenclature

I often encounter the root "phyllum" in bionomial names in botany, but I've had trouble finding an actual definition for this root in any Latin dictionary outside of its taxonomic meaning. From ...
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2answers
91 views

What kind of technology is required for plant seed DNA printing? [closed]

I'm a programmer so I have little knowledge in the field of biology. However I have an interest in plants, GMOs and DNA (in terms of programming). So, I want to know what kind of technology is ...
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0answers
38 views

How many cells are there in the apical meristematic tissue?

How many cells are there in the apical meristematic tissue? Looking at this picture... , I would tend to think that there are few hundreds cells in the meristem tissue. But I guess this is a ...
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1answer
399 views

Do plants absorb toxins from the soil?

Consider a plant like Aloe Vera that grows up in a toxic environment where the concentration of pesticides, and materials like lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic etc is very high(e.g. Marshland dumping ...
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1answer
91 views

The biology behind tree pruning and hedge trimming

I read two contradictory arguments which both seem logical to me, related to the tree pruning and hedge trimming: You should prune/cut trees only outside the growing season, when the tree is ...
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49 views

Visualizing GFP in transgenic rice seeds?

I want to express GFP in rice as a method for differentiating transgenic from non transgenic rice seeds. I want to know if I can visualize them using a hand held UV lamp as the GFP I will be using has ...
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1answer
81 views

Evolution, What would the first plants have been like?

I am curious what the first plants are thought to have been like, what they may have evolved from, and how much earlier (or later) than animals they are thought to have moved to land, if they even ...
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0answers
15 views

Fe(II) and Fe(III) transport from rhizosphere across plasma membrane

Does the graminaceous plants have passive uptake of Fe(II) via a passive Fe(II)-transporter enzyme? Or it it only dicots and non-graminaceous plants that have the Fe(II)-transporter enzyme? Also, can ...
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2answers
273 views

What determines the autumn leaf color?

It is autumn out there. Green, brown, red, yellow, and mixed-colored leaves drop from the trees to the ground. What determines the colors of the leaves? Wikipedia tells me Leaf senescence is the ...
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1answer
36 views

Somatic Mutations in meristem tissue in plants

In angiosperm, in which layer of the meristem does a new mitotic mutation occurring has chance to be found in a pollen grain or in an ovule? I also welcome some insights about non-angiosperm plants.
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1answer
76 views

Receptors for red and far-red light in plants: Shade avoidance

Franklin (2009) describes how plants use the ratio of the red wavelength (660-670nm) over the far-red wavelength (725-735nm) (R:FR) in order to avoid shading. My question is: which receptor is ...
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0answers
38 views

Among xerophyte plants, which one grow faster and consume water the least? [closed]

In an effort to select for the most suitable plants to possibly colonise desert and stop its expansion, what would be the xerophyte plants that grow the faster and expand on surface, while using the ...
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2answers
38 views

recolonize earth desert with plants : which plants first?

if willing to recolonize earth desert , let's say sahara or any dehydrated and sterile land, without intensive human intervention, what would be the first plants / algae / fungi /bacteria to grow ? ...
4
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1answer
91 views

How does Pothos grow in only water?

The popular potted plant, Pothos aureus (or Epipremnum aureum) is happy to grow in a jar, with only water, for years. How is this possible when other plants need at least Nitrogen, Phosphorus and ...
5
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1answer
148 views

Why can't a Corn have 13 rows of seeds?

Every time before eating a corn, I count its lines. I would always find 12 or 14 rows of seeds but never 13. Is there any biological/scientific reason behind this?
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1answer
117 views

Help identify this awesome climbing plant with velcro like stem

I got this plant sprouting in my window box this spring. Starting from a single seed, it has grown into an impressive array of branching climbing vines, reaching 6 feet tall. The stem turned red as it ...
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1answer
333 views

Difference between thylakoids and lamellae in a chloroplast?

I'm slightly confused as to the difference between thylakoids and lamellae. My understanding was that thylakoids are 'discs' that are stacked into grana and there is a membrane between the grana ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Why Hasn't my Cactus Grown Deadly Spines? [closed]

I recently purchased a small cactus plant from my local store for about $5. I've been giving the cactus lots of sunlight and a good watering every week. I've noticed that since I bought it, the ...
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1answer
61 views

What is this vinca like vine?

What is this vinca like vine? Is it poisonous? 62521 USA Illinois