Tagged Questions

The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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1answer
118 views

Scientific name for the union point of a plant stem and root

Is there a word that describes the meeting point of a plants growing stem and its root? Is this the same term for aerial roots above soil level?
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1answer
63 views

Terms related to megasporogenesis

Well, I am not able to understand the exact difference between megasporocyte and archesporium. Also I'm not quite able to get, how or precisely from where do these arise? Please help.
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0answers
40 views

Embryo activity during seed dormancy?

What metabolic processes does a dormant embryo in a seed carry out? The newly produced seed will not germinate, either because of a lack of favourable conditions, seed hibernation, or because of a ...
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1answer
457 views

Regulation in plants bearing cleistogamous and chasmogamous flowers

In most plants bearing cleistogamous flowers, chasmogamous flowers are also borne by the plants. For example, Viola, Oxalis and Commelina contain both these kinds of flowers.( I am unaware of a ...
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0answers
16 views

Artificial propagation and Asexual Reproduction [duplicate]

Am I right when I say artificial propagation techniques provide the means for plants to reproduce asexually? Also, is my understanding of asexual reproduction and artificial propagation correct: ...
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1answer
48 views

Artificial Propagation and it's relation to asexual reproduction

I know that asexual reproduction is also called vegetative reproduction. However I do not understand it's relation to artificial propagation. Is it a technique used for asexual reproduction (the ...
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1answer
34 views

Seed Germination

Is my understand of how seed germination comes to be and what it entails correct? Seed germination: As the seed matures it loses water and enters dormancy (a state in which it’s metabolic processes ...
3
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1answer
29 views

Seed Dormancy and Seed Transportation

My textbook says "As the seed matures it loses water and enter dormancy". I am confused as to whether this happens before the seeds are transported or after, and as to how seeds know to become dormant ...
3
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1answer
329 views

When happens when pollen grains land on the a part other than the stigma of a flower of the same species?

When happens when pollen grains land on the a part other than the stigma of a flower of the same species? Would the pollen be transported to the stigma or would it just sit where it landed and nothing ...
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2answers
354 views

What does dominant generation mean

In my texbook it is written that for non- vascular seedless plants the dominant generation is the gametophyte as the gametophyte generation is larger and longer lived. Is the criteria for dominant ...
3
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1answer
147 views

Sporophyte and gametophyte

My textbook says that in both groups of seedless plants (vascular plants, non-vascular plants) the gametophyte is a free-living plant, independent of the sporophyte. I don't understand this statement ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is light required for seed germination?

Is light required for germination of every seed? If not, why don't some plants require it? Is there any difference in the quality and duration of light required ? It would be interesting if someone ...
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0answers
20 views

Does amylolysis occur in vegetables if stored under 0 Celsius?

Assume that we have a plant, e.g. kale, which is prone to amylolysis if not harvested during a frost period. If it is harvested and put in a household freezer, such that it is frozen solid slowly ...
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0answers
36 views

Why black plum has a smell so much resembling tobacco?

Why black plum has a smell so much resembling tobacco? What substance does determine it? Can it be used for tobacco replacement?
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1answer
72 views

How many plants are needed to survive in an airtight chamber?

How large a garden do you need if you are to survive on them producing enough oxygen in a closed chamber? And which are the most effective plants?
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0answers
34 views

Why is this dry pepper fruit still “powered”?

Check out this photo of my pepper plant this cloudy morning: (click for full res) Usually (and this can be seen on 2 and a half of the 4 fruits in this pic) the fruits are "disconnected" from the ...
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1answer
69 views

Identification of this plant?

Photographed in Rocky Point, Mexico. Any ideas about this plant? Thank you!
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1answer
164 views

Independence of Light independent reaction in photosynthesis?

Inspired by a question asked to me by a classmate, I have the following question about Light-independent (dark phase) reactions in photosynthesis:- Let us suppose an algae sample was exposed to ...
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1answer
31 views

Ribosomes and DNA in chloroplast

Are there multiple copies of circular DNA and membrane bound ribosomes IN CHLOROPLAST ? Are polysomes found in them ?
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1answer
82 views

Can a plant be programmed to produce any arbitrary object?

I'm wondering if a plant can be programmed (by modifying its genes) to grow into any shape that it's programming instructs. I understand that a plants genes are its instructions of how to convert the ...
5
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1answer
150 views

Measuring algae growth or death

My daughter (10th grade) is doing a science fair project on the toxicity of triclosan for the algae Selenastrum capricornutum. She is wondering the best way to measure the effect, given the limited ...
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1answer
245 views

How to determine if a plant is autotrophic or heterotrophic?

How do you determine if a plant is autotrophic or heterotrophic, and are there any traits in particular that can be used to classify species? As two examples, how should Melampyrum pratense and ...
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4answers
1k views

How do trees lift water higher than 10 meters?

The atmosphere pressure is 10 meters of water (approx). This means that it is impossible to lift water higher than 10 meters with vacuum or сapillary action (on Earth, under normal conditions). There ...
3
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1answer
365 views

Family tree for edible plants?

I am looking for a family tree for plants, particularly veg / herbs / fruit. Something similar to: If it could be slightly less technical than all the Latin ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Function of papain in papaya

I know that papain is a proteolytic enzyme present in papaya. It is often used to tenderise meat. What is the function of papain in papaya? Is papain sweet? Does it function as an antibiotic?
5
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1answer
61 views

Shade-loving Plants

In shade-loving plants, the light compensation point is reached at low irradiance because: A. Leaves have more chlorophyll per reaction center B. These plants have greatly reduced respiration rates ...
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1answer
170 views

Change of phase from juvenile to adult in plants

I tried googling this but couldn't get much information on this. Most of the articles were about induction of flowering. I am more interested in knowing what factors influence the conversion of ...
0
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1answer
135 views

Organelles present in sieve tubes

I know that sieve tubes do not have ribosomes, nuclei and cytoskeletal elements. What other organelles does it not have? Does it have a cytoplasm?
3
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1answer
57 views

What is the cause of the spots on this leaf?

On a hiking trip to the Alps I found trees whose leaves showed those spots you see on the picture. I am curious about what the cause is. Higher resolution pictures of front and back side.
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1answer
142 views

What is this awesome plant, which can close its leaves when touched?

I came across this video on Facebook where a plant closes its leaves when touched. Unfortunately the video does not mention the name of this awesome plant. What's the name of this plant, and where ...
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3answers
1k views

What evolutionary adaptations cause trees to grow tall?

I think there are some obvious costs for trees to grow tall. Carbon and other nutrients costs, maintenance cost, energy cost (for growing, to bring water (and nutrients) up to the higher leaves, ...
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0answers
34 views

Root hair formation in Arabidopsis

In arabidopsis, 2 cell types arise in the root epidermis : root hair cells and hairless epidermal cells. The immature epidermal cells that are in contact with 2 underlying cells of root cortex ...
2
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2answers
159 views

Why don't plants get sunburned?

I just saw a video about the biology between sunburn, UVA and UVB and the different things we know about sunburn in humans. ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSJITdsTze0 ) I wonder what keeps plants ...
8
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4answers
2k views

Why we have no enzyme to digest cellulose?

As we know, cellulose is the most abundant polysaccharide in nature. Why don't we have any enzyme to digest cellulose?
3
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1answer
152 views

Plant a whole fruit or only seeds?

I'm trying to figure out whether it is better for the plant to reproduce by planting its whole fruits with seeds inside them, or picking the seeds out and planting them without the fruit. In my case ...
2
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2answers
74 views

Tree census data for Sweden/Scandinavia?

Is anyone aware of any attempts to count or approximate the number of trees there are in Sweden or Scandinavia? I have a small popular science side project for which this would be useful
0
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1answer
38 views

What determines the strength of a tree

What determines the strength of a tree. A morphologically strong looking tree found broken down at trunk. can we determine the strength/ life of a plant
0
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1answer
640 views

Is there any natural blue rose?

I had recently read an article that the possibility of having natural blue rose is extremely rare because of the absence of delphinidin in most roses. Are all blue roses just a product of ...
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1answer
111 views

What is Growing on These Tree Leaves?(Image)

I found a seemingly diseased tree when I was out playing tennis yesterday... What is growing on this tree leaf? Is this a disease? If so, is it contagious? I have zero knowledge in botany, but I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

How to distinguish those flowers in outskirts: hawkweeds (Hieracium), hawksbeard (Crepis) and hawkbits (Leontodon)?

How to distinguish those flowers of the forest outskirts: hawkweeds (Hieracium), hawksbeard (Crepis) and hawkbits (Leontodon)? I am not asking about concrete species it should be extremely hard since ...
2
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1answer
592 views

Why does freshly cut grass smell like a watermelon?

I found that, when I smell watermelon aroma outdoors, someone nearby has mowed the grass. Is there an underlying basis?
2
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2answers
191 views

Why doesn't human consumption of plants cause infectious diseases the way consumption of animals can?

At first I want to clarify that I do know that there are naturally poisonous plants and plants that can hold radioactive stuff or toxic material from the environment. What I mean by "diseases" (I ...
3
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1answer
95 views

What are these stars in my microscopic image?

I see this very curious patterns on the sun-facing side of a jasmine (probably) leaf - visible with a makeshift microscope (about 50x) What are them? Pores? Are there other plants with similar ...
3
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1answer
73 views

What happens if we continuously stimulate a mimosa plant?

I know there is some mechanism in humans by which we start to ignore a certain stimuli if it persists for a long time (e.g., we don't feel our shoes all the time !). Can the same thing happen in ...
6
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1answer
914 views

How do lilies sense day and night and open and close their flowers?

We have lots of lily flowers inside our garden. Their flowers are open in day and closed in night. How do lilies sense day and night and open and close their flowers?
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2answers
137 views

Plant identification?

Can anyone identify the plant below? It's in a backyard in Pennsylvania, and the photo was taken today.
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0answers
24 views

Is there a database of pollen-seed distances across plant species?

I was enjoying Richard Smith's excellent answer to this question, and wondered: If you consider the pollen/seed distribution range to be plant locomotion, is there a database that compares these ...
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0answers
101 views

Green feather-like formations in tap water - what is it? (with pictures)

These things recently appeared in my tap water Copenhagen Denmark, this summer 2013. They are very small, and have a feather like structure. I've called the water supply, and they thought that it was ...
7
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1answer
119 views

Any food crops that could grow in a desert provided that they get fertilizer and water

I am working on an idea to provide nearly unlimited amounts of water in desert regions. To make this commercially viable. I would use the water to irrigate desert sand and grow crops. Given my ...
2
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2answers
221 views

Why are there so many medicinal plants?

Here is wikipedia page containing a list of plants used in herbal medicine. One might first want to argue that many of them actually do not have any medicinal/beneficial effect on heatlth. I think we ...