The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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51 views

Aloe species identification

I am trying to find out which species these are. Someone claimed they were Aloe Vera, but I am skeptical as I have never seen Aloe Vera with that kind of growth. These look more like Aloe Juvenna to ...
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0answers
32 views

Can epiphyte share nutrient to host plant?

Sometimes plant share their nutrient with underground root network But if there are plant that grow on other tree. Is it possible that it would merge into another tree and sharing resource. I mean ...
5
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1answer
1k views

If oxygen is such a good energy source, why do plants release it?

Why do plants release excess oxygen, rather than consuming it entirely given it is an excellent energy source?
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3answers
304 views

Doubly-compound leaf examples?

I've got a project where we collect leaves, classify them, etc. There are some required classifications. One of the requirements is to get a doubly-compound leaf. What are some trees that are ...
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1answer
96 views

Is there an evolutionary advantage for coconut oils to be rich in saturated fats?

I know that coconut oil is composed of multiple saturated fatty acids, but is there a reason why this would have increased the fitness of the coconut plant?
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0answers
15 views

what is the natural way of rose to propagate by its vegetative cells?

I have read that rose reproduces sexually. But I have also heard that it can propagate by its vegetative cells (vegetative cells in its root). Is this correct? If yes, can I know how does it propagate ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

How do I read a species description that uses both ≡ (triple bar) and “incl.” to denote synonymy?

I'm trying to understand the relationship of plants formerly classified as Dorstenia crispa with distinct individuals continuously classified as Dorstenia foetida. I would assume that the distinctive ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Difference between the P4 and P5 subtypes of P-type ATPases in plants

In plants there are various kinds of P-type ATPases. What is difference between P4-ATPase and P5-ATPase?
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0answers
28 views

Symbiosis of Pseudomonas Fluorescens

Have a modest background in molecular biology and presently considering a project that requires some knowledge of botany. Specifically, I seek details on the epiphytic relation between the microbe ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Genomic DNA isolation from wheat

Can I use dry seed, wheat for example, in place of young leaves for isolation and purification of genomic DNA for PCR amplification? The goal of my experiment is to validate a novel gene which is ...
3
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0answers
56 views

What is the name of this plant, from Bangladesh?

This is a small plant from my backyard. I have found the flower closes in the evening.
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0answers
45 views

Please help me to identify this plant?

This is quite common in vegetations near swamp areas in Bangladesh.I have included multiple picture hope that compensate for the bad quality.
8
votes
1answer
104 views

Help Identifying Tree

I live in the upper southeastern region of Arizona in U.S. There's a type of tree growing in my back yard that I can't seem to identify. Its growing in an arrangement very similar to an ocotillo ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

How long can a plant generate oxygen from its own carbon dioxide, produced during nighttime?

I recently bought one of these miracle fruit plants (Synsepalum dulcificum). Since they are of tropic origin, they need higher humidity and temperature as we have it here in Austria. So I decided to ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Can anyone please help me identify this plant? [closed]

Please help me identify this plant. My aunt had one but it died due to the drought in California. She wants to get a new one but she doesn't know what it's called. The leaves are around two inches and ...
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vote
1answer
62 views

Folding of bulliform cells

How do bulliform cells cause a leaf to fold in half when the leaf looses water? Also, how would these bulliform cells be arranged to cause the cell to instead curl up?
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vote
0answers
52 views

Monocot stele in roots

Why do monocots have eustele in the roots instead of protostele like dicots? I thought the roots don't need the strength of eustele because the roots are supported by the soil. So what is the ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

What is this tiny thing on the branch

I noticed a tiny spot with weird shape on the shoot of a plant (Variegata), and there are many others on other branches. I wonder what is it, this is a cropped picture of it, Thank you!
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Best method for measuring very young plant growth?

Is there a preferable method for measuring plant growth for a plant before the "sprout" stage? Preferably at the microgreen stage? I assume it would not involve some type of leaf based measurument, ...
3
votes
1answer
346 views

What are these white spots on a dracena

I have a Dracaena Marginata which started to have some white spots. They turn out to be some kind of "mold" which can be removed when swapping the leaf and then leaves some discolored spots ...
20
votes
1answer
536 views

Why are many fruits sour?

Many fruits (like apples, berries, citrus fruits etc.) contain high levels of organic acids, especially malic acid and citric acid. Are there any evolutionary functions of those acids in ripe fruits? ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

How does a garlic clove thrive inside a closed refrigerator?

A garlic clove has been growing very well inside a closed refrigerator. It has developed beautiful green stalks, which I think are the equivalent of leafs. Since they are green, I assume they ...
2
votes
3answers
778 views

Why don't the apples seeds from grafted trees produce the same kind of apples?

As Wikipedia says: Grafting is a horticultural technique whereby tissues from one plant are inserted into those of another so that the two sets of vascular tissues may join together. In most ...
2
votes
1answer
363 views

What is the difference between taxonomical aids Flora, Manual and Catalogue?

The three type of books mentioned above are taxonomical aids that offer information about species found in an area. However, the exact difference between them is not clear to me. Please explain.
3
votes
1answer
116 views

What is this plant?

It was found in Eastern Pennsylvania (in the United States) in a deeply wooded area.
6
votes
1answer
138 views

What are those huge plants / fungi on trees called?

I've seen them in Scotland in August 2015: The plants / fungi were quite high (over 2m) on the tree. They are almost circular if you view them from the top, I guess (except for the part where they ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What is the name of the plant with the down-falling light purple leaves?

I've seen this flower in Scotland in August 2015: What is the name of that flower? To help people google it: The plant has light purple leaves with some white spots. On those white spots are dark ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

What plant is it?

Do you know what plant is it? I found it in France
28
votes
1answer
7k views

Why does a coconut have exactly three holes

A theory says: As coconut is a sibling of palm, somehow long time ago, three palms were in a same husk. Based on evolution theory, it's how the coconut was born in the world with three holes. ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

What could cause spiral tree growth?

While hiking through one of the areas burned in the 1988 Yellowstone fires, I noticed that some of the trees appeared to have grown in spiral patterns. Most downed trees have crack patterns that ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

What is the highest pressure at which plants can survive?

Inspired by this awesome question, I'm looking for the corresponding maximum: what is the highest air pressure at which plant life can survive? For example, Venus's atmosphere is about 90x as dense ...
8
votes
1answer
96 views

Why would a venus fly traps mouth that's still “chewing” die?

A venus fly trap produces leaves that act like traps for insects. A trapped insect is digested over several days. The trap then opens again to catch another insect. These traps regularly die off. ...
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vote
1answer
25 views

what is the effect of temperature and carbondioxide on the opening and closing of stomata?

I am teaching biology in an academy. The question which I had asked above had been raised by on of my students. I tried my level best to search out the answer to this question but I could not find the ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

What techniques can be used to link environmental conditions to crop yield?

Im interested in how we can determine what are the optimal conditions for crops and how deviations from these optimal conditions affect yield. In the literature I have found two main approaches and I ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

How do roots absorb water instead of presence of waxy - material suberin in the form of casparian strips on the wall of endodermis?

I found that in the endodermis, the tangential and radial walls have deposition of the waxy, and hence water-impermeable, material suberin in the form of casparian strips. The endodermis comes before ...
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vote
2answers
717 views

How do plants get carbon?

How do plants get carbon? From air or soil? How is it different for aquatic plants and algae? According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soil_organic_matter soil has 3.3 times the size of the ...
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vote
0answers
12 views

Nicotine and plants [duplicate]

I hear that nicotine, produced by Nicotiana tabacum, is poisonous to the plant itself, which is why it accumulates the nicotine in the central cell vacuole. If so, why is nicotine produced in the ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Do ginko trees grow well in Eastern North America (specifically Ontario,Canada)

I have recently noticed many Ginko (Ginko biloba) saplings planted in my Eastern Ontario city (in Canada), and they are looking a bit sickly, with yellow leaves. They seem to be a popular choice in ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Questions about a fossil

I have a plant fossil that my dad once found for me at a beach in Denmark, Europe about 15 years ago. Is it possible to identify what kind of plant it is? There is a fossil water bubble suggesting ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

What kind of tree is this?

I live in Denmark, Europe and was going for a walk on a beautiful cemetary in the city. I saw this tree and would like to know what species it is. Unfortunately i have no photos of the tree from a ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Can anyone identify this plant from Bangladesh?

I have taken the picture from an agriculture university in Bangladesh.
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Can anyone ID this flower plant by the photo?

Can someone identify this plant? It has big red flowers when it flowers! Not sure if it is native, but it is in my grandmothers garden in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Cause-and-effect questions about growth and development of plant

I need to solve some cause-and-effect problems. The problems are related to growth and development of plant. "Growth and Development" chapter is the first chapter in third level of high school (senior ...
8
votes
1answer
236 views

How do plants benefit from their seeds being buried?

Common planting advice, when starting many plants from seed, is to bury the seed some small distance under the soil. It seems like most plants (at least members of class Dicotyledonae) will grow a ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Fruit-bearing tree identification

Just moved into a new house in Puerto Rico and I found this tree in the back garden. Can anyone tell me what tree this is, and whether its fruit is edible?
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Do you know what plant it is?

I saw this plant when I was on my trip to the Ukraine. I wonder if those berries are edible. Thanks a lot in advance.
35
votes
4answers
7k views

Why would a plant evolve to produce an addictive chemical?

It seems kind of anti-productive in terms of survival for a plant to produce an addictive chemical as that plant will constantly be sought after by animals that ingest it. In this instance, I'm ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

What Chemical Trigger Causes Ectomycorrhiza To Change From Asexual To Sexual?

I want to know the trigger behind the change of asexual to sexual ectomycorrhiza when symbiosis with a tree root is formed. As ectomycorrhiza attaches itself to a root, it forms a relationship wherein ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the name of this flower?

A flower has grown on a leaf in our garden. What is the name of this flower? Give some description.
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Possible calculations with temperature, humidity, images and VIS spectrum of a plant in an Integrating sphere

I am currently working on a project which involves growing some plants in a integrating sphere made of foam. I have added temperature, humidity and soil moisture sensors as well as a Spectrometer (350 ...