The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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How does a garlic clove thrive inside a closed refrigerator?

A garlic clove has been growing very well inside a closed refrigerator. It has developed beautiful green stalks, which I think are the equivalent of leafs. Since they are green, I assume they ...
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53 views

Serological assays not detecting native proteins [closed]

Is there anyone out there who has done much work with serological assays? We have antiserum for a manufactured viral protein but no luck so far getting it to detect native protein (unless today's ...
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4answers
720 views

What kind of tree could this be?

This may be a strange question, but does anyone know what kind of tree this could be? I know, it's just a comic, but these trees, at “walking distance” within that comic are easily identifiable as ...
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2answers
259 views

What is Growing on These Tree Leaves? (Image)

I found a seemingly diseased tree when I was out playing tennis yesterday... What is growing on this tree leaf? Is this a disease? If so, is it contagious? I have zero knowledge in botany, but I'm ...
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2answers
122 views

Evolution theory - roses spikes - being more bulgy doesn't give you advantage

I've seen spike, huge spike. And I thought that development of such spikes could be contrary to the evolution theory. Being „little more” spiky doesn’t give you any advantage... So those ...
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2answers
561 views

Why doesn't human consumption of plants cause infectious diseases the way consumption of animals can?

At first I want to clarify that I do know that there are naturally poisonous plants and plants that can hold radioactive stuff or toxic material from the environment. What I mean by "diseases" (I ...
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1answer
317 views

Can anyone help me identify this plant?

I have a Chamaerops humilis in my apartment and in there is these small plants growing. I live in Denmark, Europe and my palm tree has only been inside my apartment since i got it. Can anyone ...
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1answer
93 views

Why it seems that principles of chemistry are not being applied in this biochemical process? [closed]

According to an answer in this question, my concept used below does not apply: In the non-cyclic photophosphorylation, consider splitting of two water molecules, then 4 e- (electrons) and 4 H+ (...
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2answers
242 views

How do researchers map root systems of plants?

For example, here is a picture of the root systems for some prairie grasses: (Click image for higher-resolution PDF) from: http://www.conservationresearchinstitute.org/educational-offerings.html How ...
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1answer
653 views

What is the name of this flower with purple leaves and orange inner part in NYC?

I've photographed this flower a few days ago in New York City: Does anybody know the name of it? (and how is the orange part called?)
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2answers
117 views

Is this Heracleum sosnowskyi?

There's a relatively big scare in local news about the Heracleum sosnowskyi plant, considering how dangerous it can be. I was strolling through the park when I noticed these plants - the ones I ...
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1answer
640 views

Sporophyte and gametophyte

My textbook says that in both groups of seedless plants (vascular plants, non-vascular plants) the gametophyte is a free-living plant, independent of the sporophyte. I don't understand this statement ...
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2answers
333 views

Is it possible to grow any kind of plant soilless (hydroponics)?

Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. [wikipedia] My question is if is it possible to grow any kind of ...
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2answers
96 views

What plant is this?

It was all along a fence in a downtown core in Ottawa, flowering in November. I didn't get a better close-up of the flower itself, I had thought the leaves would be pretty important.
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1answer
116 views

Best method for measuring very young plant growth?

Is there a preferable method for measuring plant growth for a plant before the "sprout" stage? Preferably at the microgreen stage? I assume it would not involve some type of leaf based measurument, ...
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1answer
74 views

What plant is it?

Do you know what plant is it? I found it in France
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1answer
716 views

Is a Ginkgo tree a conifer?

I know Ginkgo is a gymnosperm, but I was wondering whether Ginkgo is also technically a conifer. I did a Google search, and found several confident authoritative-sounding answers. Unfortunately, those ...
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1answer
92 views

How much cost would artificial pollination add to common products (fruits etc.)?

I've read about ecosystem services and their possible valuation - statements like "honeybee pollination service in the US is worth 1.6 billion dollars". Is data available on how this would affect the ...
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1answer
2k views

Why doesn't the herbicide 2,4-D damage lawn grass?

I sometimes use 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid to control broadleaved weeds in lawns. It is selective, and quickly kills the dicot weeds, while other plants are unharmed. 2,4-D is a synthetic auxin,...
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1answer
292 views

Why are neutral [sterile] female flowers present in inflorescences when they are reproductively incompatible?

In many compound and special inflorescences like spadix and hypanthodium there are sterile female flowers along with male and female fertile flowers and are often present in between male and female ...
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2answers
2k views

Online course on Plant Taxonomy and Physiology

After following a course in Permaculture, I realised that if I want to get serious about it, I need to be able to distinguish plants. So I am looking for an online Video course on Plant Taxonomy and ...
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1answer
525 views

What is the largest perennial herbaceous plant?

What is the largest perennial herbaceous plant? My guess would be some kind of banana or bamboo.
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1answer
204 views

Fruit-bearing tree identification

Just moved into a new house in Puerto Rico and I found this tree in the back garden. Can anyone tell me what tree this is, and whether its fruit is edible?
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1answer
445 views

Sexual Differentiation in Monoecious plants with unisexual flowers

In monoecious plants having unisexual flowers (eg Zea Mays, Ricinus Communis etc), there must be some mechanism as to produce two sexually distinct flowers from the same genotype. Since both the type ...
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1answer
307 views

Function of papain in papaya

I know that papain is a proteolytic enzyme present in papaya. It is often used to tenderise meat. What is the function of papain in papaya? Is papain sweet? Does it function as an antibiotic?
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1answer
377 views

Why seeds won't sprout given excess water?

What would cause a seed to not sprout despite showing signs of germination given excess water? Oxygen, temperature, and light were sufficient for germination and sprouting in seeds of a slightly ...
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1answer
63 views

What kind of kale is this?

I'm from Pennsylvania and I used to get this kale all the time at the grocery store, but I moved to the West Coast recently and can't find it anywhere! It looks exactly like this photo: Image source:...
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1answer
71 views

Determine which seed will germinate first

I recently studied about plant physiology for a test. Strangely, there was this question which I had no idea how to approach. The question is, Which seed will germinate first? a) Castor b) Wheat c)...
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1answer
57 views

How do I read a species description that uses both ≡ (triple bar) and “incl.” to denote synonymy?

I'm trying to understand the relationship of plants formerly classified as Dorstenia crispa with distinct individuals continuously classified as Dorstenia foetida. I would assume that the distinctive ...
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1answer
961 views

Cause of Crease in Drupe Fruit

What causes the crease through the pericarp of a drupe fruit (peach, nectarine, olive)? It may just be in exocarp as @Ilan pointed out, but I assumed (perhaps wrongly), that the division continued ...
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3answers
88 views

Identifying a tree with an image

I have trouble identifying a tree that I saw on a vacation. This is the image: I would like to know the name of the tree, I only know that its not European.
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1answer
1k views

How does boiling water revive cut flowers?

A classic tip to revive wilted cut flowers is to plunge the stem into boiling water for some period of time, and then back into cold water. What process is occurring that causes the flower to be "...
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1answer
105 views

identification of this flower

I saw this flower in Pulau Ubin in Singapore. Can anyone identify the species of this flower?
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2answers
117 views

Does a plant have to have leaves to produce fruit?

Is it possible that a plant can still produce fruit, even though it may not have leaves? Are there any plant species that can produce fruit without leaves?
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1answer
77 views

Why do plants produce so many hybrids as a kingdom?

Why do plants produce so many hybrids? I have read that they are the largest kingdom of organisms to do so. Does this have something to do with polyploidy events?
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2answers
172 views

Is the water transpired by plants pure H₂O, or does it contain trace minerals?

I'm considering the idea of drinking water that I trap from what is transpired by trees. Interestingly, is this water a fairly (or maybe even extraordinarily) pure form of H₂O, a remarkably pure by-...
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1answer
150 views

Why do humans circulate monosaccharides instead of disaccharides as in plants?

Plants transport food mostly in the form of disaccharides like sucrose but humans transport them in the form of a monosaccharide - glucose. What is the reason behind this ?
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1answer
107 views

H₂S as a source of electrons for plants

The first electron source for plants was H2S, but now most modern plants use H2O as an electron source. What is the advantage of using H2O instead of H2S?
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1answer
128 views

What is this plant in the Butler, Pennsylvania area?

This is growing in the woods near my house in the Butler, Pennsylvania area. I have not seen it around before and I have no idea what is it. What is it? Is it poisonous to pets (or little kids)?
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Can anyone tell what kind of berry/currant this is?

I found this currant-like plant in Helsinki, Finland. It seems very similar to red currant but it has hairs on its fruits, and the fruits are pear-shaped. Can anyone please identify this plant? Many ...
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3answers
127 views

What type of tree is this?

This is a tree that I have been growing. I'm wondering if this is a mulberry, and if so, what kind? Location is Arizona.
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0answers
20 views

Why do shed and brown poplar (Populus) leaves get an iridescent blueish colour when wet?

When the brown leaves of poplars shed on the ground stay for a while under wet conditions (e.g. like in a puddle), they become a fascinating iridescent blueish colour, which is best seen when light ...
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0answers
119 views

Mating types in fungi (and somatogamy)

I would have some related questions about the mating types of fungi. Does a single spore generate a mycelium possessing only one mating type? If it does not in general, do Ascomycota and ...
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0answers
40 views

How does trees know to balance themselves so that they never fall down [duplicate]

Well i was flying kites today I saw a tree and its branches were spread around in random directions... I would like to know that how do these trees know to nourish their branches in some direction so ...
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3answers
592 views

Why are there no trees in Texas?

In Texas, there is lot of grassland and many cotton fields, which need a great deal of water. However, I have not seen any forests or areas with many trees. Why are there no forests or heavily-treed ...
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1answer
1k views

The mystery of coconut tree

Could anyone please explain to me, why the nail which is nailed in a coconut tree is not raised from ground level, when the tree is growing up?
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1answer
117 views

What is this plant?

It was found in Eastern Pennsylvania (in the United States) in a deeply wooded area.
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2answers
445 views

How do roots obtain nutrition?

I have a city garden (see picture below) and yesterday I was nurturing it and I pulled up a small plant. I saw its root system and laid it in the sun to dry a bit and then scraped of the rest of the ...
3
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2answers
308 views

What is the name of this plant with small, 5-leaved divided pink blooms?

I found this in a forest in Karlsruhe (Germany). The blooms are pink and have 5 leaves. Each leave is divided into two parts. It is pink and has a diameter of about 1-2cm.
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2answers
135 views

What virus transforms full grown plants?

I read an article by a gardener describing how a virus had transmitted a negative trait to his plants. It rather shocked me, because I hadn't realized that a virus could transform an adult plant. I ...