The study of plant life; e.g. angiosperms, gymnosperms, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and algae.

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234 views

What bacteria shed harvestable energy from root zone organic matter?

I recently heard of a successful effort that harvests energy from soil at plants' bases due to apparently bacterial breakdown of wastes from the plants: Via photosynthesis a plant produces organic ...
2
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1answer
69 views

What is this plant on the photos?

Found in Kustaankartano, Helsinki, Finland in June 2015. (for closeup view, copy image URL and open in new window and then zoom in)
3
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3answers
472 views

Why are there no trees in Texas?

In Texas, there is lot of grassland and many cotton fields, which need a great deal of water. However, I have not seen any forests or areas with many trees. Why are there no forests or heavily-treed ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Mating types in fungi (and somatogamy)

I would have some related questions about the mating types of fungi. Does a single spore generate a mycelium possessing only one mating type? If it does not in general, do Ascomycota and ...
12
votes
1answer
568 views

What is the scientific name of this plant?

I found this one on a hill here in Palestine. It's about 20 cm in height. Note that it does exist in this regions, but scantily.
1
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1answer
116 views

Are there any culinary fruits that are not botanically fruits or accessory fruits? [closed]

Many culinary vegetables are botanically fruits. For example, the tomato, bittergourd and the cucumber are generally considered culinary vegetables, but they are botanically considered fruits. Does ...
2
votes
2answers
346 views

How do roots obtain nutrition?

I have a city garden (see picture below) and yesterday I was nurturing it and I pulled up a small plant. I saw its root system and laid it in the sun to dry a bit and then scraped of the rest of the ...
6
votes
1answer
101 views

Viruses selected by evolution

First let me apologize in advance for I know almost nothing about biology. I had a conversation today with a family member who is a bio-computer-scientist and he talked to me about what his colleagues ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Which tree's root can grow the longest?

In a recent TV documentary it was said that a particular tree root could grow miles long. However, I forgot the name of the tree and I don't remember the name of the TV program as well. I searched ...
6
votes
1answer
349 views

Can someone identify this plant?

Can someone identify this plant? It was growing under my 2 year old's climbing wall / play house thing. I live in West Virginia, USA and it's currently June 3rd (if that helps from a climate ...
13
votes
2answers
827 views

Do electromagnetic waves outside the visible spectrum have any role in photosynthesis?

Does photosynthesis occur only in the visible spectrum? If there is a way to completely remove all other electromagnetic bands from the sunlight, including infrared (IR), will photosynthesis continue ...
0
votes
2answers
357 views

What is Meriva Phytosome Curcumin?

What is Meriva Phytosome Curcumin other than being a food supplement? Is it a plant? A type of plant extract? I googled it but still couldn't figure out exactly what it is. The reason I'm asking is ...
2
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1answer
149 views

Vegetable Cellulose

I'm a pharmacy student working on my thesis. I just want to ask the probable sources of vegetable cellulose found in vegetable capsule? Note: I'm referring to the capsule itself not for its possible ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Book-recommendation: plant biophysics [closed]

I'm a physicist by training am looking to learn more about the biophysics of plants. Can you give me your recommendation of good resources on plant biophysics? Books are preferred.
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Are corn kernels considered a grain

I have seen corn described as a seed, a grain and a fruit. What are the kernels or a corncob considered to be? A grain, a seed or a fruit?
2
votes
2answers
344 views

What is “theae folium”?

I wanted to buy black tea at a pharmacy and the pharmacist told me that russian tea is actually black tea so I bought it instead.It's made out of theae folium leaves and for some reason I can't find ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

What evolutionary adaptations cause trees to grow tall?

I think there are some obvious costs for trees to grow tall. Carbon and other nutrients costs, maintenance cost, energy cost (for growing, to bring water (and nutrients) up to the higher leaves, ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are there more stomatal openings on the lower surface of a dicot leaf?

This causes more transpiration to occur from lower leaf surface. What's the exact reason for why are there more stomatal openings on the lower surface of a dicot leaf?
5
votes
1answer
589 views

What is this Tree?

What is this plant? Location: Bangalore, India
8
votes
2answers
368 views

What's the name of this flower?

I photographed this flower in Central Europe. I looked in online databases but can't really identify the actual flower, since there are so many that look quite similar. Can you help me? What's the ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Solidification of coconut water

At first, the coconut is filled with liquid endosperm. Later when it ripens, the outer layers form brown fibrous covering, and the inner solid layer turns brown and hardens. Within that, a white layer ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

planting conifers in a sagebrush area [closed]

I'm looking at buying some property in the picture below. You can see the conifers (mainly Jefferson Pine and Lodgepole Pine) as the dark green dots on the outside frame. The intersecting line (top to ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Which sources can I use to study botany and horticulture?

I refer with this question to those among you who have a strong background and work in fields like: botanics, horticulture, dendrology, etc. I would like to start building a solid preparation, both ...
5
votes
2answers
346 views

What determines the autumn leaf color?

It is autumn out there. Green, brown, red, yellow, and mixed-colored leaves drop from the trees to the ground. What determines the colors of the leaves? Wikipedia tells me Leaf senescence is the ...
5
votes
2answers
125 views

If the haploid prothallium of a fern fertilizes itself into a diploid sporophyte, does this make all ferns clones?

From what I understand in the alternation of generations in ferns, mature spores germinate into a haploid prothallium. But how does this gametophyte produce recombinant gametes if it itself develops ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

What are the mechanistics of stinging nettles?

There is a lot of research on why nettle extracts causes skin irritation and a stinging sensation. However, I cannot find information on how the extract is injected in human skin. Similarly, I haven't ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

how to find accurately the closest species to my plant species?

I'm working on some bioinformatic analysis of a non-model woody plant within the family with least information. So, I'm looking for a closest species to my plant. Any suggestion would be highly ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Pits and Pores in Vascular Tissue

What purpose is served by the pits and pores in xylem and phloem cells? I cant find what purpose that these components serve in the vascular tissues in plants
9
votes
1answer
384 views

Are flowers / flowering plants vital to all life on Earth?

Not a biology student so forgive me if this is a very basic question. Are flowering plants (angiosperms) vital to all (or most) life on Earth? In other words, if flowering plants disappeared, would ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

What metabolic processes do dormant and ungerminated seeds carry out?

What metabolic processes does a dormant embryo in a seed carry out? Seeds will not germinate, either because of a lack of favourable conditions, seed hibernation, or because of a genetically ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Without help of Insects, can plants & trees bear fruits & flowers? [closed]

Without help of Insects, can plants & trees bear fruits & flowers?
3
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0answers
87 views

Is the number of stamens always 9 for geranium?

We are studing in class the reproduction of plants. We start the lesson by observing some components of flowers, it was the Géranium. First of all we start counting the number of sepals , petals and ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Identification of a plant (in a pot)

I have in my flat a plant which sometime make strange flowers. When the start it looks like plastic stars: Then the flowers are opening after few days and looks like this: The smell is a bit ...
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vote
0answers
38 views

Why is translocation of food in the phloem still a debate?

I currently take tertiary-high school biology and I am taught that translocation of food in the phloem occurs by the pressure flow hypothesis. I would like to ask why it is still a hypothesis, and ...
11
votes
1answer
139 views

Biostatistics: Pollen dispersal directionality

What Information am I looking for? Think about a tree that is sending pollen all over the place. Because of wind, most pollen grain will go toward one direction. Imagine, we split the 2D area around ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Why do plants produce so many hybrids as a kingdom?

Why do plants produce so many hybrids? I have read that they are the largest kingdom of organisms to do so. Does this have something to do with polyploidy events?
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0answers
64 views

Alder Tree Root Nodule Origins?

I recently found out that alder trees have root nodules which contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria and that alders are primary colonizers in primary succession. That leads me to this question: since there ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Does breathing air containing 3% carbon dioxide gives you a headache?

As far as I know, breathing air containing relatively high levels of CO2 may get you a headache. I also know that CO2 level in the fruit bodies of peppers can reach levels as high as 3% at certain ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

How many cells are there in the apical meristematic tissue?

How many cells are there in the apical meristematic tissue? Looking at this picture... , I would tend to think that there are few hundreds cells in the meristem tissue. But I guess this is a ...
6
votes
2answers
143 views

What is the mechanism behind plants losing their leaves? [duplicate]

Do plants that lose their leaves (i.e., deciduous plants) do so because of external conditions (e.g., drought, cold), or because of an internal process? Another way of looking at it: if you take a ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Hopeful Monsters in Plants? [closed]

Does anyone know of any research/examples on Hopeful Monsters in Plants? I define Hopeful Monsters as organisms of a species that have macroevolutions to prompt new speciations. These ...
34
votes
4answers
7k views

Do plants produce any heat?

Many plants (e.g. roses, palms) can be protected from frost during the winter if shielded with an appropriate coat that can be bought in garden shops. Do plants produce any heat that can be kept ...
5
votes
1answer
488 views

Why do apples taste sweeter at the bottom?

Sometimes when eating an apple, I notice that the bottom (blossom) end of the apple has a lot more sweetness and flavour to it, whereas the top half (stem) is often more watery, crispier and feels ...
9
votes
1answer
653 views

What is this pink-flowering plant found in Shanghai, China in March?

This plant appears to have fleshy protrusions resembling flowers growing out of its stem (although I am unable to identify them as such). Does anyone know the identity of these plants?
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Evolution theory - roses spikes - being more bulgy doesn't give you advantage

I've seen spike, huge spike. And I thought that development of such spikes could be contrary to the evolution theory. Being „little more” spiky doesn’t give you any advantage... So those ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Genetically improved *Leucaena leucocephala* seeds

I am looking for fast growing Leucaena leucocephala seeds. Now, I am cultivating Leucaena leucocephala which can grow 6 meters in a year. But I am looking for a genetically improved seed which can ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Location of embryo development in angiosperms

What floral organ does the development of the embryos of angiosperms occurs in? Is it the ovary? The pollen tube grows down through the style and double fertilization occurs and the embryo begins to ...
10
votes
3answers
728 views

Why are fruits so large compared to their seeds?

Why do many plants produce such large fruits(apples and strawberries,for example) if those contain only relatively small seeds?
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Is (are) there any crucial gene(s) for the formation of flower in flowering plants? [closed]

I am interested in qualitative (flowers of some plants have petal or sepal, but some plants have not) and quantitative (number of flowers of plants) differences between flowers of different plants. ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

How much pollen is needed to pollinate a flower?

Assuming 100% of the pollen gets delivered to exactly the locations it needs to pollinate a female flower, how much pollen is needed to pollinate a flower? If it's more than one unit of pollen, what, ...