The primary component of the central nervous system, which, along with the spinal cord, controls the body of bilaterally symmetrical beings.

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280 views

Can dietary monosodium glutamate intake induce restlestness?

The question is all in the title. More context: I like phở soup. I have noticed that I get restless after eating the phở soup at some restaurants. The effects are similar to the ones resulting from ...
4
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1answer
101 views

How small does a nanobot have to be to “swim through the brain” and access any neuron it wants to?

I read on this question What is in the space between neurons in a brain? that there is actually not much empty space in a brain. But my question is slightly different. Is there a visual demonstration ...
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1answer
61 views

Case study and speculations on the brain of Edward Mordake

I am very interested in the case of the man named Edward Mordake who lived in the 19th century. In particular, he had two faces. If you have not heard of this man, please, search this up as there are ...
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0answers
39 views

How does the brain store information? [duplicate]

In all electronic devices with the possibility of saving there are tiny magnets that can store your data by the state they are in. In general, there has to be something changed to store information ...
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0answers
13 views

How does the ascending neural pathway filter unimportant information?

In school they told us one of the functions of the ascending neural pathway is to filter unimportant information. But the neural signal I know is only chemical-electrical neurons chain reaction. Is by ...
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1answer
115 views

Is the six-layer cortex model of the mammalian cortex still the most accepted model?

I've been reading a bit about the different layers of the cerebral cortex and its clear that certainly not every region of the cortex has the same number of layers. Thus, the idea that every region ...
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1answer
33 views

How does the brain regulate its temperature?

I recently ran into a bio-physical paradox while trying to solve an engineering problem, using nature's way as a guide; namely the brain. I'm working on designing a totally new system of liquid/gas ...
7
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1answer
130 views

What is the mechanism behind tinnitus?

I seem to have come across two contrasting explanations for tinnitus induced by loud noises- i.e. damage to the hair cells in the cochlea. On the one hand, I have read that damage to the hair cells ...
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1answer
4k views

Why is the brain white?

I have read many articles about how the brain is the most power-hungry organ in any living complex organism, requiring about 70% of it's oxygen supplies in the resting state. Since the usual medium ...
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3answers
68 views

Why is dopamine or a dopamine-receptor agonist not pumped into the brain of Parkinson patients?

I am aware that dopamine cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, but can't it be pumped inside the cerebrospinal fluid via some permanent tube implant? Wouldn't Parkinson patients chose that over ...
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0answers
32 views

Thinking quickly causes elevated mood

I read this article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060926171045.htm It says, "When people are made to think quickly, they report feeling happier as a result. They also say they are ...
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0answers
16 views

Is dysharmonia an actual disease or something only Oliver Sacks believes in?

In his book Musicophilia, Oliver Sacks discusses a case involving a woman named Rachel Y. who lost the ability to process harmony in a car accident. He then explains how this lead to simultanagnosia. ...
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1answer
801 views

What “emotions” can a snake feel?

Short: Thinking in particular of a Royal Python (US: Ball Python) such as some people keep as exotic companion animals, what sorts of "emotions" or "feelings" are they capable of? Long: ...
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2answers
3k views

Which hormones can cross the blood brain barrier?

Can hormones such as testosterone, aldosterone and estrogen cross the blood brain barrier? I looked on Wikipedia and there no mention of it in the testosterone article. Through Googling around I also ...
2
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1answer
140 views

Is there a hormone combination that makes humans grumpy?

Imagine a typical situation that is likely to give rise to a bad temper within an individual: a person is awoken very early in the morning by a sound of a lawn being mowed next door. Unlike expected ...
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2answers
50 views

What would happen if brain neurons did not reduce their sensitivity to neurotransmitters after prolonged exposure?

From my understanding, neurons decrease their sensitivity to neurotransmitters by reducing the amount of receptors on the cell membrane in response to sustained neurotransmitter activity. One ...
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1answer
84 views

Can we change our dopamine baseline levels?

Can we change our dopamine baseline levels? High dopamine levels improve alertness, problem solving, but may also cause anxiety and aggression. I've read that smiling and laughing, eating certain ...
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0answers
33 views

Biological implementation of convolutional neural networks

In computer science, 'convolutional neural networks' are used, that are meant to be inspired by biological network structures like found in the human brain visual cortex. In the computer ...
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2answers
193 views

Does Lucid Dreaming decrease the regenerative effect of sleep?

After watching this SciShow video on sleep, I wonder about lucid dreaming. Specifically: Does lucid dreaming and associated directed agency within Lucid Dreaming decrease the regenerative effect of ...
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1answer
55 views

Is Circle of Willis unique to humans? [closed]

I understand that Circle of Willis is a circulatory anastomotic system that provided blood to the brain. I want to understand if this system is unique to humans or does it exist in other species or ...
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0answers
23 views

Why are humans mostly right-handed? [duplicate]

Most sources I've seen say that about 90% of humans are right handed, and 10% are left handed. Why is this? My only guess would be that it has something to do with different parts of the brain ...
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2answers
64 views

Does “squinting” make you concentrate better on a logic test?

We have all had those moments of intense concentration on some tough exam, perhaps a college test or whatever... Why is it that when we squint, it feels like we can focus and concentrate better on ...
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0answers
12 views

Isotretinoin and retinoid receptors in brain confusion?

I am considering starting a treatment with Accutane(Isotretinoin), however I am not sure about what the effects on the brain are. Here are two studies that contradict each other: ...
2
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0answers
29 views

Is perceived time compressed or expanded while dreaming? (or does it match reality) [closed]

I often dream long extended dreams. Sometimes I wonder if the timeline of the story of my dream occurs compressed, in a moment, or other times extended slowly over a long duration. Is there any way ...
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2answers
60 views

Does the body have a gate control for pain

I understand it is not the most accurate source but I recall a House episode where he claimed the body had a control mechanism for pain in which only the most painful thing was felt. Is that true? and ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the autonomic nervous system only activated by internal stimuli?

My professor claims that the autonomic nervous system is only activated by stimuli from organs but I really feel like I've read that it can be activated by outside stimuli, although I'm not sure what ...
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2answers
79 views

Brain regeneration - book recommendation

Searching for an up-to-date book on regenerative brain medicine with a focus on stem cell therapy. Also interesting in genetic engineering of neuronal stem cells for this purpose. Alternatively, a ...
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2answers
695 views

Why does strenous exercise cause vision of “lights”?

I had a hard climb a week ago. I got so tired then any time I closed my eyes I saw these lights inside my head. I see these lights almost every time that I run fast or some thing like that. What are ...
2
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0answers
58 views

What is the biological basis of “energy” that extraverted humans draw from social engagements and introverts expend?

This question is related to this question about introverts becoming exhausted after extended social events on cognitive sciences stack exchange. As I read more on the topic of human ...
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1answer
356 views

Is there a significant difference in sedentary calorie-burn between a thinker and non-thinker?

I've read that, on average, a sedentary female burns between 1,600 - 2,000 calories and a sedentary male burns between 2,000 and 2,500 calories. I've also read that the brain itself burns quite a few ...
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1answer
24 views

Energy consumption of a resting synapse

What is the energy penalty of maintaining rarely used synapse? I'm wondering if forgetting is cheaper than remembering unnecessary details.
2
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1answer
88 views

What would be required to evolve an animal (non-human) brain to obtain human-level cognition? [closed]

Could any animal subject to the right conditions evolve human-level intelligence? Suppose that an artificial intelligence (AI) decided to artificially evolve a population of octopus (don't ask why, ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Does “mind” has any physical reality in biology? Or is it just an assumptive concept?

Biologically, Brain controls our thinking, ideas, decisions everything along with controlling each body parts. My question is, is there anything real as "mind "? If it's controlled by brain then ...
6
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1answer
62 views

How does the frequency of a visual stimulus affect the steady-state visually evoked potential?

I want to design a project for EEG signal processing. In my research I found the concept of SSVEP. SSVEPs represent the electrical activity of the brain as measured via EEG, and are evoked by visual ...
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2answers
155 views

Why did the Brain develop in the front in most organisms?

I was wondering: why most, well, pretty much all organism with a brain have it right in front of their bodies or at the top.
4
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1answer
63 views

Oxygenated hemoglobin in MRI

I have read the following sentence: Because this oxygenated hemoglobin is unaffected by magnetic fields, the response RF signal returned to the fMRI scanner is stronger when there is more ...
4
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0answers
86 views

Does breath-holding cause permanent brain damage?

My question is: Does voluntarily holding your breath at atmospheric pressure for a few minutes can cause brain damage? I'm talking about periods of time around 3 minutes. I've read there are some ...
4
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0answers
53 views

What are those visual and auditory reflex controlled by the midbrain? [closed]

The midbrain is a centre for certain visual and auditory reflexes. But what are those reflexes exactly? My study book says that these reflexes are, e.g., responsible for moving the eyes to view ...
2
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3answers
469 views

Can human brain memory be removed by EMP?

The human brain is the most complicated human organ so it is hard to examine it completely but based on what we know do you think (or do you know from some source) if a human memory can be removed by ...
3
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2answers
109 views

Before I move my arm the brain sends signals - what causes the brain to send signals? [closed]

Please tell me what causes the brain to send signals, how does the brain send signals? can you tell me what happens between the point when you make an intention to pick up a glass of water, and ...
6
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1answer
94 views

How well do we notice asynchronicity?

I'm stopped at a stoplight and, with nothing to do, my thoughts wander to the timed don't-walk sign that governs any pedestrians who might wish to cross the street I'm driving along. I can see two ...
5
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1answer
148 views

How does the brain cool itself?

Thoughout life everyone tells you that brain is essentially a computer but just like computers your brain would create immense amounts of heat by being in use, so if that's the case how does it cool ...
4
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1answer
34 views

Does hypothalamus regulate posterior pituitary gland?

We have the hypothalamus-anterior pituitary-endocrine axis, but is there a similar chain of command for posterior pituitary gland such that oxycotin and vasopressin are regulated by some tropic ...
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3answers
6k views

Supercomputer Vs Human Brain

With supercomputers doing calculation in petaflops ($10^{15}$ Calculations per Second), have we crossed the speed of Human Brain?
2
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2answers
163 views

When glucose production is low, the brain turns into keto acid as an energy source, how does this work?

Can someone very generally describe how the brain consumes keto acid when blood sugar has been completely depleted?
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1answer
45 views

Is the motor cortex identical to the sensorimotor cortex?

As far as I understand, the primary motor cortex (M1) and primary sensorimotor (SM1) are notations for the same cortical area in the brain. Am I right that there is no dedicated motor cortex, and that ...
7
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2answers
146 views

Is it possible for a human to wake up in a wrong way?

There's an old folk saying that goes like "He got out of bed on a wrong foot" - to indicate that the person's day is going poorly because of the way that person woke up. Is it is possible for a human ...
5
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1answer
48 views

How does de-myelination occur in multiple sclerosis?

From what I understand, only the oligodendrocytes are affected in multiple sclerosis, and they are attacked by T cells which cross the blood-brain barrier. This leads me to two questions: How is the ...
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1answer
90 views

What exactly is neuroplasticity, and can it be demonstrated with a simple experiment?

As far as I know, neuroplasticity is about restoring brain functions by moving some functions to other still functional. Neuroplasticity is more prominent in children than in adults. What are other ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Are Whales More Intelligent Than Humans?

Are Whales smarter than Humans? Their brain size leads me to think so.