0
votes
0answers
7 views

Which reflex arcs work in Heart with extrasystoles?

I am researching what is triggering the extrasystoles - initial idea from this thread about Which ionic channels of Pacemakers can work in very low frequencies in extrasystole? I am interested in the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What is the difference between intracardiac and extracardiac reflexes in cardiac regulation?

The primary parameters of heart pumping are strength of contractility (inotropic positive; Frank-Starling relationship) rate of relaxation (lusitropic positive) heart rate (chronotropic positive) ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Could below zero decibel environment cause arrhythmia?

While this topic has virtually no real life application and has never been examined due to obvious reasons, it is quite intriguing to me. I've read a lot of speculations and claims about the world's ...