The organelle in which photosynthesis occurs

learn more… | top users | synonyms

9
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is chlorophyll green? Isn't there a more energetically favorable color? [duplicate]

Chlorophyll being green means it absorbs light in the red and blue area of the spectrum. Isn't this the high and low energy light? Wouldn't plants get more energy if they absorbed light in the green ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Difference between thylakoids and lamellae in a chloroplast?

I'm slightly confused as to the difference between thylakoids and lamellae. My understanding was that thylakoids are 'discs' that are stacked into grana and there is a membrane between the grana ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

Plastid and mitochondria

I am not a biologist, so please bear with me for this basic question. Although I tried googling, I am confused. What is the difference between plastids, chloroplasts and mitochondria? Are there any ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Origin of the double membrane of mitochondria and chloroplasts

Most websites and textbooks say that the double membrane of mitochondria and chloroplasts are a result of the endocytosis of ancient prokaryotes (the outer membrane is from the vesicle containing the ...
6
votes
4answers
6k views

Do plants with non-green leaves have chlorophyll and photosynthesis?

Is it even possible that plants with non-green leaves have chlorophyll, and do such non-green leaved plants carry out photosynthesis?
12
votes
3answers
7k views

Was the mitochondrion or chloroplast first?

I still don't know if the mitochondrion or chloroplast was first? I've looked for it on the internet and in various books but haven't found anything. Does anyone have the answer and a theory which ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Trouble understanding how uncouplers in the thylakoid membrane increase the rates of the Electron transport chain?

I am a undergrad in a cell physiology class and just did a learning exercise involving testing rates of the electron transport chain via the reduction of DCPIP, analyzed by spectrophotometry. ( I ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Why do chlorotic leaves have green veins?

If chlorotic leaves are chlorophyll deficient, why should the veins be green? shouldn't all the available chlorophyll be directed to the leaf lamina?
1
vote
1answer
110 views

What do the numbers in Photosystem I P700 and Photosystem II P680 stand for? Is it the optimum wavelenght? The maximum wavelenght?

I am a bit confused about this because my teacher and english Wikipedia say it's the wavelenght the Photosystem is most reactive to; my textbook and the german Wikipedia say that it is the maximum ...
71
votes
6answers
7k views

Why do plants have green leaves and not red?

I know plants are green due to chlorophyll. Surely it would be more beneficial for plants to be red than green as by being green they reflect green light and do not absorb it even though green light ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Which biosynthetic pathways take place in the plastid and were are they located?

I know that the isoprenoid, jasmonate, glucosinolate, fatty acids, chlorophyll, starch, and aromatic amino acid syntheses are located in the plastid. But I don't know if they are located in the ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

Is chloroplasts per cell indicative of the photosynthetic power of a plant?

Plant-A has on average N chloroplasts per cell. Plant-B has on average M chloroplasts per cell. If N > M, is plant-A more efficient in turning carbon dioxide into oxygen? Also, is it possible to see ...
23
votes
4answers
1k views

How many times did endosymbiosis occur?

According to the endosymbiont theory, mitochondria and chloroplasts originated as bacteria which were engulfed by larger cells. How many times is it estimated that this occurred in the past? Are there ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Common Ancestry of ETCs and ATP Synthase complexes

Rickettsiales are widely regarded as the ancestor of eukaryotic mitochondria through endosymbiosis. Cyanobacteria are widely regarded as the ancestor of eukaryotic chloroplasts through endosymbiosis. ...
16
votes
1answer
716 views

How fast does the rotor in ATP synthase spin?

I'm sure the exact frequency varies, but does anyone know roughly how many revolutions per minute / second the rotating center part makes?