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3
votes
3answers
57 views

Is Einstein's mass energy equivalence ($E=mc^2$) relevant to biological systems?

I'm more than 100% sure that the kilograms I eat don't get directly converted to feces and urine. I'm sure some of it goes to regenerating tissue that is constantly being disposed as well, and maybe ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Omnivore vs Carnivore territory size

Edit: Large carnivores require lots of territory. What about bears? They're omnivores. How much does that count? Is there anywhere I could find weight/territory ratios for mammals, depending on diet? ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Is there a saturation point for nutritional intake? [closed]

Is there a point where the body will stop absorbing nutritional intakes? Let's take an example with sugar: if I eat two chocolate bars, will I gain the same weight than by eating 10 chocolate bars, ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How does an excessive amount of beta carotene affect skin colour?

How much is the daily need of beta carotene and how many carrots have to be eaten in order for one's skin to turn "orange". I found 2-4 mg/ day as basic need, 30 mg daily over three weeks turns white ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Creation of healthy genetically modified crops [closed]

GM crops are huge at the moment, and the noticeable 'counter movement' is for people to continue to purchase organic foods (please note I am specifically talking of GM crops and not meats, etc). The ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Does variation in human gut length vary predictably with diet of ancestors?

Background: Numerous online searches, textbooks and other sources seem to pin the average length of the human gut from mouth to anus (oroanal) between about 5-10m in length. To pick a reputable ...
5
votes
2answers
120 views

50:50 sugar/fat mixture

A couple of years ago I saw a BBC Horizon television documentary about sugar and fat. One section mentioned three experiments in which rats were given their ordinary rat food plus and unlimited supply ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Is “aggregate percentage” still a valid term in ecology?

Martin et al. 1946 define "aggregate percentage" as a metric that describes the mean percentage contribution of a group to the total mass/abundance of all samples. The metric is useful in datasets ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Are carbohydrates an essential component of human diet?

Are people able to satisfy all the needs of a healthy diet without consuming carbohydrates? My question includes the assumption that a person has no health condition that would prevent them from ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Bodyweight loss vs calorie shortfall

I have read that 1g of pure fat has 9 Calories. If I dieted successfully in a way that did not cause me to loose muscle, and I had a cumulative calorie shortfall of 90,000 calories. Would that ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What could make a person get ill from not eating often enough? [closed]

Say a person needs to eat every 3 hours, or s\he gets physically ill with fatigue and cold sweating, and this is the case every day. What could cause this?
5
votes
2answers
318 views

How do large herbivores get enough protein?

The food they eat seem extremely low on protein. Do they need less protein per mass unit than carnivores? Most of them grow quite a lot in the first year, is most of that from the mothers milk?
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How do furniture beetle larvae drink?

I have read that the furniture beetle (Anobium punctatum) has larva that will burrow for three to four years in wood before emerging and pupating. How do they obtain water during that time if they are ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Is it possible for a person to eat so many carrots that one turns orange?

I once read that Jerry Rubin (a famous 1960s activist) ate so many carrots that he turned orange. (This was in the East Bay Express, around twenty years ago.) I assumed it could be true, though he ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Does dairy negatively affect the voice for singing?

Singers and actors are warned not to consume dairy, primarily milk, before a performance. From personal experience, I know that this is a very valid warning. It is commonly assumed that this is due to ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Could felines live without meat?

Algae are a source of taurine and mushrooms are a source of vitamin D3. Both also contain high protein. So, it seems possible to feed a cat or other felines without any meat. Are there any concerns to ...
4
votes
1answer
268 views

What are the most important factors influencing a person’s gut microbes?

You are your bacteria! The probiotics and the antibiotics... There has been on going discussions about how our gut bacteria is important for a healthy lifestyle. Figure 1: Schematic diagram ...
-3
votes
1answer
162 views

Can pandas hunt for meat?

Recently, I learned that pandas have a carnivore's digestive system but that it exists almost exclusively as a herbivore. If pandas hunted would they be able to find meat in their environment? Can't ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Does anxiety about weight or eating cause people to become overweight?

A while ago I saw this TED talk about the futility of dieting. The speaker suggests that a body maintains a homeostatic weight point and returns to that weight after dieting has stopped: Turns out ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

How do the 'energy making' processes in the body differ for fat calories, protein calories, and carb calories? [closed]

How does the body make energy from each of the macronutrients? Is there a difference in the efficiency of the distinct processes and would the least efficient process be 'better' for weight loss?
3
votes
0answers
29 views

What would the blood work look like for someone on a very high protein diet? [closed]

What will blood test results look like for someone on a very high protein diet consuming 1-2g of protein per pound of bodyweight per day? Is it healthy to maintain such a diet?
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Question about contents of small bowel

I know, or at least I think I do, that the contents of the stomach are called chyme and that it is acidic. What are the contents of the small bowel called and is it acidic?
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Are vegetables really needed in our diet?

I want to believe that eating vegetables is necessary even when one takes vitamins, but I can't find any medical evidence for this. To make my question specific, suppose a study on twins were done in ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Can reptiles digest grains?

As a caretaker of a turtle, I sometimes struggle understanding the logic behind the inclusion of corn, soybean, and wheat meals in reptile food, such ingredients seem truly aberrant from what a ...
5
votes
1answer
45 views

Is there any conclusive study relating the food consumed and the occurrence of acne?

The internet says a million things about what to eat and what not to in case of acne. For instance: Refrain from dairy products. Refrain from food heavy in unsaturated fat. Refrain from too much ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Ultra Pasteurization and Pasteurization

What is the effect of pasteurization and ultra-pasteurization on proteins, enzymes, and nutrients found in milk and other dairy products?
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Why is coconut oil healthier when it has so much saturated fat?

I noticed that coconut oil has ~96% saturated fat, and I was under the assumption that saturated fats = bad for health. Why is it that coconut oil is healthier to alternatives with much less ...
2
votes
1answer
860 views

Is Sugar a stimulatant or a weak sedative?

Quite often, I have heard the remark that children become hyperactive when high amounts of sugar are consumed. But common websites suggest that sugar is a sedative, and the hyperactivity in children ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Can you change your gut microbiota by changing your diet? Would that affect calorie uptake?

I have seen peer-reviewed papers mentioning the daily changes in gut microbiota composition according to dietary changes. See for example this paper: http://genomebiology.com/2014/15/7/R89 My ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

What is the evolutionary reason behind human preference for salty foods?

It's been established that food palatability is related to it's caloric density. This hypothesis is used to explain why humans are partial to sugar and fat. But it is also said that humans are partial ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

How is nutrient uptake in humans measured? [closed]

There are many claims made about nutrient absorption, eg "Juicing helps you absorb all the nutrients from the vegetables". I'm curious to know how nutrient uptake is measured. Eg is it a pure ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Is nutrient absorption different in Hypersensitive I patients?

I am thinking how the nutrient absorption differs between between patients with allergies (Hypersensitivity I) and those not. The current guideline about number of eggs in diet is one daily ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Can a carnivorous animal consume plants with no adverse effects?

While I know that in nature, carnivorous animals are poorly suited to eat plants (largely due to having sharp teeth, not grinding teeth, as far as I know), I was wondering if, in an emergency ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

How can eating bacon not make me fat? [closed]

This page says it won't. This page says it's the carb again http://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-10454/in-defense-of-bacon-why-eating-fat-can-help-you-get-thin.html I don't see how eating fat will not ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Can a chicken's lard become liquid depending on its diet?

On Cooking.se, somebody asked a question about the fat in chicken stock sometimes being liquid and sometimes solid once the stock has cooled. The only answer until now suggests that the difference is ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How essential is vitamin B3 to the diet?

I know this might seem contradictory since by definition a vitamin is an essential part of the diet but I have read that nicotinamide, a form of vitamin B3, can be synthesised from L-tryptophan. Is it ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

Are the brains of any herbivorous animals capable of utilising ketone bodies as an energy source?

I ask this question because earlier today I heard from a lecturer at my university that a sheep's brain cannot utilise ketone bodies as an energy source and hence with insufficient glucose supply for ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Why are Taurine and Arginine essential components of the feline diet?

Taurine and arginine play a key role in the feline diet but I am unaware as to where exactly they fit in.
1
vote
1answer
17k views

Can white eggs be considered as non-vegetarian? [closed]

I am basically a vegetarian and I find it very difficult to get an actual biological answer for this question on search engine. There are couple of links which discuss these argument but can not be ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

What effect do oligosaccharides, like those found in legumes, have on the composition of intestinal flora in humans and if so how so?

I know that intestinal flora metabolising oligosaccharides, like those found in legumes, is the cause for the well known fact that legumes cause flatulence, but does an oligosaccharide-rich intestine ...