I've seen videos of hundreds of birds flying in the same general direction but creating incredible patterns in the sky seemingly instantaneously! How do they all know in what direction to turn at the ...
Animals can use their circadian clocks to determine direction from the position of the sun. In a particular experiment conducted in Iceland, a bird, kept in a cage open to the sky, was trained ...
How are the external stimuli which fixed action patterns and other “innate” behaviours are honed in on genetically encoded?
Kelp gulls peck at a red spot on their mother's beak. Geese and cranes imprint on hang gliders. Presumably, these processes depend on sensory primitives (red spots, triangular shapes), and these are ...
Whales of many species were hunted to near extinction in human memory, and in whale memory too. I'd imagine that some whales took no notice of boats, and others tended to avoid them, so that hunting ...