Changes in the heritable attributes of populations of organisms over time. The mechanisms of evolution are mutation, migration, drift, and selection.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
3 views

How to poikilotherms thrive in a wide range of temperatures?

What is it about the metabolism of a poikilotherm that enables them to adapt to the surrounding temperature?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Why aren't all animals cold blooded?

At least, why don't all animals produce no more heat than the tiny amount that's a byproduct of walking or a bonobo climbing up a vine when the outside temperature is above 0°C? They won't freeze ...
-3
votes
1answer
45 views

Mutations, Death and the theory of Evolution

Evolution always made sense to me and I still find it to be true. However, I quite recently found a comment online that gave me some doubts and made me curious on the subject. Although a student of ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

What did young pre-mammals eat before milk evolved? [on hold]

Mammals tend to be born helpless and teeth-less (and in some cases, blind). So for the first periods of their lifetime, they drink milk. Before this milk-producing property was evolved, what did the ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Which magnoliophyta groups are NOT pollinated by bees and why? [on hold]

Considering the bees as the family Apidae which families of flowering plants are definitely not pollinated by them and what could be the reasons? -Could you say that the relationship is preserved at ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

What are some explicit examples of natural selection's predominat role in the origin of new species? [on hold]

I am taking an evolution course and I found examples in textbook that include examples of organisms that came into form long, long time ago. I could not directly relate their formation to natural ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How diverse are species in remote, isolated areas on Earth? [closed]

If we consider land areas that have been largely isolated from each other from a human point of view, but with a similar climate – for example, a part of Europe and a part of Americas with a similar ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

What factors make a sequence evolve non-randomly?

On the wikipedia page about Fay and Wu's H, it talks about a non-randomly evolving sequence may be due to some selection acting or a selective sweep or population expanding/contracting. My questions ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Were Neandertals as Hairy as We Are?

What I mean to say regards facial and androgenic hairs. There are many theories as to why some people have both kinds of hairs, while others have one or the same and others still have neither. The ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Symmetry in animals [duplicate]

Is symmetry in animals due to DNA or natural selection? By symmetry, I mean the left side is an almost (not perfect) reflection of the right half. Is this due to DNA trying to balance the two half or ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Why does female's age of puberty inform on mating system?

Reading from Does increased calorie intake cause increase in libido in humans?, @AlexStone says: I'm aware that humans have a dual mating strategy - somewhere between pair bond and casual mating. ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Are fish averse to extreme heat?

Terrestrial animals face two common sources of heat extreme enough to pose a danger to them: Sunlight and fire. It therefore stands to reason that they would evolve systems for sensing heat and ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is every evolutionary change an improvement? [duplicate]

In evolution, an species mutates and evolves over large genetic time spans. But every big change (say, swimming to walking, or walking to flying) is made up of countless micro-changes over the course ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Is it possible to have a random un-mutation of genes?

According to this article: Gene mutations can be classified in two major ways: Hereditary mutations are inherited from a parent and are present throughout a person’s life in virtually ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

Does an increased reproduction/mortality rate provide an evolutionary advantage?

If a species has a high mortality/birth rate, then it is able to adapt to changing environments more quickly than species that live for a long time. Without a high mortality rate, food and other ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

What does completing the course of antibiotics accomplish?

This article from the WHO states: If you stop treatment early, there is a risk the antibiotics won’t have killed all the bacteria that made you sick and that it will mutate and become resistant. ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Are there observed instances of genes expressing undesirable traits to dissuade members of a particular species from reproducing?

All living things on earth are programmed to both survive and reproduce, but are there observed, documented or otherwise novel cases where the genes of any particular member of any particular species ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

In Darwinian evolutionary theory, does the environment has any role? [closed]

In Darwinian evolutionary theory, does the environment has any role? To state it clearly: Suppose I have an isolated system. First, I place several types of entities (organisms) in an environment. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What are chemical candidates for replicator molecule?

I have read Selfish gene by Richard Dawkins and idea is that at random some molecule was synthesized that had a property if there is enough 'materials' to construct ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How did humans in different regions evolve so differently? [closed]

Google is about as helpful as a mouse trying to catch a piano, since it's listed websites that aren't very clear or informative. So: How did humans evolve to be so different from one another? Say, ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

What is the evolutionary advantage of having pubic hair?

Only humans have pubic hair. What is the evolutionary advantage in having it?
1
vote
1answer
66 views

When did death due to aging first appear? [duplicate]

As I understand it, single-celled organisms that reproduce via mitosis essentially live forever. When a cell divides, one cannot say that either one of the new cells "is" the parent and the other the ...
-3
votes
1answer
27 views
-5
votes
1answer
66 views

Why do people find anal sex pleasurable? [closed]

First of all, anus is not a genital part like vagina and therefore pleasure due to anal sex should not have any fitness advantage. I wish to know why many people find anal sex pleasurable when it ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

What is meant by topographic barrier?

There are three types of barriers, physical , climatic and biological barriers that can prevent the dispersal of organisms. Topographic barrier falls in the category of physical barrier but exactly ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Why people have less hair than other primates? [duplicate]

Well as you can figure out, most primates such as monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees, have all their body covered with fur. As we know they are evolutional "relatives" to us humans, but we dont have ...
-3
votes
1answer
51 views

Can you naturally change your DNA that's passed to your offsprings? [closed]

Is it possible to change the genes that you'll pass on to your offsprings by natural activity and behavior. For example if you do body building for quite a long time build strong muscles then would ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why did we evolve to control our breath?

I had this question in my mind and tried to think of why we would evolve to be able to control our breath. I remembered the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis, which makes a lot of sense and would explain it, ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Why is sex pleasure giving activity but not childbirth?

Asking from an evolutionary viewpoint. Sex is a pleasure giving activity so that it encourages reproduction and spreading of genes. But childbirth ,the most crucial part of the reproductive process, ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Why aren't there any transitional animals today?

You have probably heard this question before and in different formats. Usually, it is used as a "proof" to disprove the theory of evolution. I understand that the apes we descended from are not the ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

What animals have a blood-brain barrier?

I am curious about how old the BBB is, in terms of evolution. Is it present in all vertebrates? or just mammals? or what?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Book recommendation: Modern Synthetic theory

I'm a zoology minor. I wish to study modern synthetic theory (evolution) is there a good book available online for reading? The book should cover a basic idea about what the elements of modern ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Why is the manchineel tree so poisonous?

The machineel tree is incredibly toxic to humans. What advantage could Hippomane mancinella have for being so poisonous? It's name even apparently translates to “little apple that makes horses mad”. ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Are antibiotic-resistant bacteria necessarily less virulent than their original strain?

In the absence of antibiotic treatment, is there a reduction in the average severity of disease caused by resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria compared to wild-type ones? I would assume that ...
-2
votes
1answer
45 views

Would someone lose some of their traits if they stop using them for some time? [closed]

A co-worker of mine told me, that there are some mutations in the genome during the life of a human body. So, the body changes genes to fit better into the surrounding environment. My thought is now, ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

What empirical evidence of genetic assimilation is there?

There have been many articles arguing that we should view the phenotype in the center of evolutionary theory rather than the genotype as done in most population (or quantitative) genetics. A typical ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Are there any individual animals that can thrive in a wide range of core temperatures? [closed]

Surely, some cold blooded animals are in a position where they can't escape the changing temperatures the environment throws at them, so natural selection would have enabled them to thrive in a wide ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the effective population size of a simple two deme metapopulation?

I am confused as to how to compute the effective population size $N_e$ of a theoretical structured population. Let's consider here a simple case study. Imagine a 2-deme metapopulation. Each deme is ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

How valid is the theory of human's chimp-pig origin? [closed]

Edit: I have also asked the question on skeptics.stackexchange.com and it has been answered there. Here is the link. There is a person called Dr. Eugene McCarthy who has a theory that the origin of ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is there an evolutionary advantage associated with migraine? [duplicate]

I have read Wikipedia article on Genetics of migraine headaches and I don't buy it Because genetics influence susceptibility to migraine, it can be shaped by evolution. Fitness-impairing ...
5
votes
2answers
66 views

Is there more diversity in marine species?

I was reading about how life emerged from oceans, and the following question occured to me. Do land species suffer from the founder effect and is there more (genetic) diversity in marine species? A ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are turtles classified as reptiles and not amphibians?

I understand that turtles are reptiles because like all reptiles, they have scales on their body. But turtles (specifically sea turtles) live on both land and water, very much like amphibians. Also, ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Why don't animals need filtered water? [duplicate]

Almost 10 years back when I was a kid, we had a picture in our school text of wild buffaloes drinking water from a river - which was visibly muddy. I asked my mother of why we need to drink filtered ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Why does the wavelength in curly hair differ?

Different people and animals have different wavelengths in the curls in their hair. I understand what purposes hair serves in protecting the skin from light and bugs. I am wondering about the eventual ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Relationship between lifespan and reproductive age?

I remember reading a while ago that there is a "general rule" in biology between an animals lifespan and when they reach reproductive age. In other words, an organism that reaches sexual maturity ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Are heterozygotes always fitter than homozygotes? Can inbreeding be beneficial?

Inbreeding is mostly not very good because when there is a 'disease' in one allele, the other could/would take over the function. But when you have two of the same genes/alleles, do they, or could ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Why do horses recycle their endometrial lining while humans don't?

How does not recycling the endometrial lining of the uterus benefit humans (and other organisms that menstruate), while recycling it is beneficial to horses (and other organisms that undergo estrus ...
4
votes
2answers
362 views

How do traits with no negative effects get “weeded out” via evolution?

If only those who are most fit to reproduce are the ones reproducing the most, it makes sense that traits that prevent one from reproducing would eventually disappear from a population. But what ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

What's the correct name for the war of sexes in evolution?

I'm searching for the correct term for the part of the selfish gene evolution regarding sexes. In nature, this means the evolution of the traits such as the ducks' adaptation to "trap" the drakes' ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What is the difference between natural selection and adaptation?

From what I've read it seems that the only actual difference is that creationists use adaptation and people who believe in evolution use natural selection. But otherwise, from my understanding, the ...