The discussion of the anatomy and evolution of eyes. Consider using the "vision" tag for questions regarding how the brain interprets information from the eyes.

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1answer
35 views

How does tearing work?

I found the question about tear gas very interesting. Shigeta says there that crying helps the cells of the eye to wash themselves clear of the toxic components in the tear gas. Does non-emotional ...
0
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1answer
16 views

What happens in lasik operation?

First of all,I am very bad at biology. So please bear if it sounds elementary. I heard about lasik operation for reshaping cornea. Assume the patient is suffering from myopia implying lens is ...
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0answers
22 views

Undistorting peripheral vision

I am interested in a procedure which can be applied to an image (or video) which is situated in my peripheral vision, and will result in an undistorted copy being presented to my brain. I do not know ...
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1answer
24 views

Flicker fusion threshold for insect eyes

I searched on bio-numbers for flicker-fusion threshold of insect eyes in general and for flies in particular. Ruck, 1961 gives values for some flies. Is there any database maintained for these values? ...
8
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1answer
398 views

Reason for seeing grid-like patterns when strobing a solid black-white image?

I was trying to do some stimulation for SSVEPs by strobing a solid black square and a solid white square. Weird thing was, I ended up seeing weird grid like patterns that looked like this, always of ...
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1answer
48 views

Why does our eyes got wet when we feel emotional or whenever we are hurt? [duplicate]

I was thinking like whenever when we feel emotional or whenever we got hurt we got tears from our eyes but why is that happen ? Why our eyes got wet ?
12
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1answer
704 views

What portion of the electromagnetic spectrum do cats see?

I have seen numerous articles and various information about how cats and dogs see into the ultraviolet spectrum with interesting artistic renderings such as this: ...
4
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1answer
28 views

Wearing sunglasses during a solar eclipse [closed]

Note: I had asked this on Physics, but it is off-topic there due to being about safety. On the BBC's guide to eclipse-watching, Dr Lucie Green says: Watching an eclipse with normal sunglasses ...
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1answer
39 views

Is it safe to look indirectly at the Sun?

I.e., is exposure of sunlight onto the peripheral vision less damaging than exposure onto the fovea?
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4answers
2k views

What is the difference between a circular and a cat's-eye pupil?

I've been to local zoo the other day and one lizard caught my attention: its pupils are circular, which, I thought, is not usual for reptiles. Turns out it is, but now I can't find any explanation on ...
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2answers
55 views

Why is my peripheral vision better for seeing in the dark? [duplicate]

I often walk around my house at night with the lights turned off and one night I noticed that looking straight at an object with very little light available made the object disappear from sight but if ...
8
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1answer
70 views

Why can I see a light flicker when it's in my peripheral vision?

When I'm looking at an old CRT monitor or a worn fluorescent lamp, but not directly in the center of my gaze, the light from it seems to flicker. When I focus my gaze onto the monitor or lamp, the ...
4
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1answer
156 views

How do animals handle light refraction in different media?

For a human, when diving underwater, everything is blurry because of the water's different refractive index compared to that of air, which we are accustomed to. How do animals, like turtles, seals or ...
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2answers
1k views

How do birds deal with their eyes drying out at high speeds?

My eyes tear up when cycling at 15 mph, which is nothing compared to bird airspeeds. Do birds continuously produce lots of tears and blink a lot, or do the eyes self-moisturize from the inside ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the use of eye banks, if eyeball transplants do not exist at present?

Corneas are donated and transplanted, but not the eyeball. I don't understand. What is the purpose of donating a cornea without an eyeball to a blind person?
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0answers
50 views

Why does a human's field of view narrow when moving faster?

A relative of mine is a driving instructor and he regularly likes to bring up that the field of view narrows noticeably when driving at higher speeds. Is this true, why is this so and does this apply ...
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0answers
116 views

White/Gold vs Blue/Black dress

So I'm sure you've all seen the dress photo where people see the dress as either White and Gold or Blue and Black. It has essentially 'split' the internet because some people see the dress and they ...
1
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1answer
55 views

What is the minimum functional biological light sensor? [closed]

As a follow up to this question regarding the evolution of the eye, it was suggested that primitive eyes only needed to evolve a light sensor and could perhaps use the existing biochemical cascade ...
2
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2answers
189 views

What is the minimum eye?

What is the minimum eye which confers some evolutionary advantage? By minimum I mean anything less than this has no advantage whatsoever and therefore is not favored by natural selection. By eye, I ...
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1answer
86 views

Are the irises an exact match in a human's set of eyes?

Are the irises an exact match in a human's set of eyes? Assuming the eyes are healthy with 20/20 vision.
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0answers
46 views

Sensitivity of eyes to flashing lights

My eyes are very sensitive to flashing lights - for example I'm always the first person to notice that a fluorescent tube is about to fail because I see it flickering when other people can't. When ...
2
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1answer
104 views

How come all my family have brown eyes and I have blue eyes?

My whole family tree up to my grandparents have brown eyes, I have blue eyes, how come? I don't know if it matters but I have not received enough oxygen at birth, doctors said it's probably the ...
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3answers
3k views

Superhuman eyesight

My ten year old son was reading car number plates that were too fast, too far away and at the wrong angle for any of us to read or even believe that it was possible for him to read. We thought he was ...
7
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1answer
595 views

Why do human eyes glow red on a photo and dog's eyes green?

Previous Research I know that cameras sometimes come with an anti "red eye" functionality that involves two flashes, presumably the second flash coincides with the shutter opening. Question Why do ...
5
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1answer
260 views

Why do we get 'bags under our eyes'?

Why do these circles form around the eyes if somebody is tired? And why does fatigue express itself around the eyes this way? Can I get eye bags very quickly in another way? ...
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1answer
64 views

Why do eyes water in response to particular emotions?

It is common for people to experience very moving situations (sad movies, etc) and have a physical reaction to it (such as crying). I am curious about how emotions can physically lead to the act of ...
2
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1answer
4k views

Why can't ciliary muscles in the human eye relax like other muscles?

I had laser eye surgery a decade ago, but in recent years my eyesight has become significantly myopic. I consulted an ophthalmologist to see if this was eye strain because I work at computers a lot, ...
6
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1answer
87 views

Is the eyes' movement discrete?

When tired and it was dark, I noticed that if I focused on a dim light source and moved my eyes fairly rapidly sideways, the resulting images that lingered for a short while were not smoothly blurred ...
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1answer
2k views

What's the minimum distance of focus for the lens of a human eye to reach maximum flatness?

According to the Wikipedia article on eye accomodation, the range in which a human eye can focus is from 7 centimetres away up to essentially an infinite distance. Of course, people can't see things ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Is it biologically possible for an adult's eye color to change?

Can it be that the adult eye can change color? Specifically my question is about a unilateral color change, such that the color of one eye remains constant, while the other changes color over time. ...
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0answers
86 views

Eye strain using 3D screens

I don't know if this is a physics or a biology question but this might be better orientated around the element of how the human eye works in a 3D visual situation than physics. Given the rise of 3D ...
9
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1answer
873 views

Why do dog's eyes glow green on a photo?

Taking my current profile picture as a prominent example: This photo has been taken with flash. As I gather, this is the same effect that makes a human's eyes glow red on photos, namely the ...
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1answer
63 views

Does pupil size affect image focus in persons with no lens?

If an individual has no lens like Claude Monet (who had them removed). They should be able to still focus the images they see in a well light area if they shrink their pupils to a very small size ...
7
votes
3answers
991 views

What is the science behind the inaccurate perception of colors?

If I go into a green room (all walls are semitransparent and green) and spend some time - around 10+ min - in there, when I come out all my eyes see is white as pink. I see no (or very few other) ...
4
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1answer
318 views

Why are irises unique?

I heard that irises are different and unique for every person. According this link, probability of two irises having identical pattern is 1 in 10 to the 78th power. That's how iris scanners identify ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Why do small fonts strain the eyes?

I understand that too much close reading will strain the ciliary muscles of the eyes. But what about small fonts? The contraction of the ciliary muscles is dependent on the distance not font size. In ...
8
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1answer
324 views

How does the cornea breathe during sleep?

The cornea is not supplied with blood vessels and so exchanges gases directly with the atmosphere. So how does it breathe during sleep when our eyes are closed?
5
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2answers
160 views

How does the eye know whether to focus further out or nearer in order to bring a blurry object into focus?

If the eye sees an object, but the object is out of focus, the eye could be focusing too near or too far. How does the eye (or the brain) distinguish one situation from the other? How does it know ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Like size and colour constancy, why does the brain not maintain focus constancy?

I have progressive myopia. I grew up with perfectly normal eyes but slowly started getting myopic. The thing is, my brain knows (or should know) what the world looks like -- it knows that far away ...
3
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1answer
113 views

How common is complete heterochromia?

How common is complete heterochromia? (One iris is a different color from the other) Are there any statistics available for this? If no, why not?
4
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2answers
155 views

How do gory images lead to nausea?

How do gory images lead to nausea? Yesterday my friend visited shock sites (a website). He said that he got nauseous sensation within seconds after viewing the gory images. However, I don't ...
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0answers
33 views

How to compare a camera and an eye

How could I compare what a normal eye can see to a camera lens? I just went through a very comprehensive article @ CambridgeInColor, but I'm still not really clear. When I take a picture with a SLR ...
10
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1answer
340 views

What are the “stars” we see after a bump on the head?

Sorry if this might appear funny. When I close my eyes for a longer time, and suddenly open it, I see some twinkling white small circles, and when i concentrate on anyone of them it disappears, as ...
1
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1answer
22 views

Can we directly stimulate M cones in retina with current technology?

I wonder if we could try to see imaginary "supergreen" color by directly stimulating M cones. For this I suppose we'd need: Non-destructively scan specific human's retina to locate exact positions ...
4
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2answers
209 views

Does myopia tend to decrease the risk for later hyperopia?

It seems like being nearsighted for much of your life due to elongated eyes would make it easier in general to focus on near objects rather than far since the lens would not have to change much. Since ...
4
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1answer
149 views

Do the eyes play any role in producing the visual experiences you have during dreaming?

Sometimes, you remember a vivid picture of a dream that you saw. What is the role of your eye in this experience? Please provide me with the answer that is as simple as possible since I am in Class ...
5
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1answer
81 views

Can the negative afterimage appear only if there is light or is it possible in darkness?

Reading the following paragraph: After staring at the red and blue shamrock, you saw a green and yellow afterimage. Opponent-process theory proposes that as you stared at the red and blue ...
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0answers
26 views

What determines the thickness of Cornea?

In eye-operations such as Lasik and Femto, the thickness of cornea is key decision factor whether the operation is feasible. A normal thickness is between 500-600 µm. Cornea consists of a very special ...
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2answers
1k views

How do we know the presence of light when our eyes are closed?

Last night I laid on my bed and tried to go to sleep with the light off. I closed my eyes (but hadn't gone to sleep). My younger brother touched the wireless mouse (which had laser) for the laptop. ...
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2answers
81 views

How come degraded eyesight still holds with a mirror? [closed]

When you use a mirror to look at something, you can position it at an angle arbitrary to your face and still look at an object far away. My question is, for degraded eyesight, how come the picture is ...