The process by which information encoded in a gene is converted into a functional protein or RNA, resulting in or contributing to a phenotype.

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How is gene expression estimated?

I'm reading this fantastic article on estimating body time: Molecular-timetable methods for detection of body time and rhythm disorders from single-time-point genome-wide expression profiles and one ...
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What are some examples of genes that code for multiple proteins?

The title pretty much says it all. It is widely taught that a gene in a eukaryotic system could produce more than one protein due to post-transcriptional modification, but I do not believe I have come ...
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Confusion related to a term probe-by-background interaction

I was reading a paper related to bioinformatics where it uses the drug response on the cancer cells and the gene expression of the individual cells are studied to find any useful insights. Specially, ...
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The reason why researchers usually use cell lines from “blast cells”?

What's the reason why researchers usually use cell lines from "blast cells" (so, immature, like lymphoblastoid cells) for measuring gene expression data? Is that they are growing up, which would make ...