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3
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2answers
297 views

Factor causing Methicilin-resistance in MRSA?

I think the main reason is the natural selection that is causing methicillin-resistance. However, I am not completely sure what this means practically. Here, the original question: MRSA was isolated ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

spinal cord lesion and result in somatic sensation

Jimbo suffers a lesion to the entire right half of the spinal cord at the T6 level. A few weeks after his injury, his doctor tests his right and left legs for somatic sensation and tone. fill out her ...
3
votes
1answer
298 views

Possible Genotypes of 4 Alleles of Adh

There are four alleles of Adh which are Adh-1, Adh-2, Adh-3 and Adh-4. Their respective frequencies are 0.11, 0.84, 0.01 and 0.04. What are the Hardy-Weinberg frequencies of the possible 10 ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Does chicken embryo form the disc called “discoblast” in the cleavage and blastulation of chicken?

This thread is related to my previous thread which is still unsolved mainly. I need to be able to compare chick and human cleavage and blastulation of zygote. My friend says that Chicken have ...
3
votes
1answer
246 views

How does electrolarynx work?

I have heard that this is an effective replacement for patients who have a dysfunctional larynx, partly due to cancer. I am curious to know the inner working of this device and why such a robotic ...
3
votes
1answer
738 views

Classification of glycosidic anomeric bonds (alpha vs. beta)

In the process of studying for my upcoming biochemistry exam, I have stumbled over the classification of glycosidic bonds. I want to be able to distinguish $\alpha$- from $\beta$-glycosidic bonds. ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

Predicting progeny of recessive mutations using recombination

I was asked this question on a test and got it wrong, but I'd like to know how to do it. The answers are shown in the blanks below: You are studying two recessive mutations in the fruit fly D. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is secondary follicle or Graafian follicle arrested in the second metaphase of oogenesis?

My note about which I am not sure: Secondary oocyte is arrested in the metaphase II monthly after puberty until fertilization with sperm. The following picture also satisfies my sentence: . So ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

Where does meiosis II of oogenesis end exactly in tuba uterina - uterus?

I know that metaphase II ends at ampulla tuba uterina, but I am not completely sure where the telophase II ends. Is it in the triangular section of cervix uterii? I just have an intuition that the ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

A Genetic linkage problem [closed]

I have recently switched from electronics to computational biology. So having some hard time with my homeworks. Can someone guide me on this problem? Consider 6 genes A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Some ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

How do trees use Adhesion and Cohesion to move water against gravity?

I have an AP Bio class where I have to name 3 properties of water and I chose adhesion and cohesion for one of them. I'm having trouble finding out how exactly trees use adhesion and cohesion to move ...
2
votes
3answers
109 views

True or false & fill in the blanks

A ribosome is where amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds. A virus is NOT considered prokaryotic because it does not have a membrane. The nucleotide ATP is one of the most used energy ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Regarding kidney transplant

One of the options is correct Kidney can be taken from a dying person who has the a) cessation of neurological function only b) cessation of cardiac function only c) cessation of ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Two brown-haired people have two children, P and Q. P has blond hair. Q has brown hair. What is the probability that Q is heterozygous?

Two brown-haired people have two children, P and Q. P has blond hair. We therefore believe that each parent is heterozygous and that blond hair is a recessive trait. Q has brown hair. What is the ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

recombination frequency problem

Three loci C, D and E are located on the same chromosome in this order. We found that the frequency of recombinants between C and D is 10% and that between D and E it is 20%. Assuming that ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Will climate change affect flower population?

There is a flower population elevated 1000 meters above sea level. If climate change causes a 12⁰C increase in temperature over the next 10 years, what will happen to the flowers?
2
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3answers
65 views

Use of salt as preservative

I know that salt is used as preservative as it dehydrates microbes. Is there any other advantage like - altering pH or inactivating microbial enzymes ?
2
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2answers
2k views

What is the purpose of measuring both VS (volatile solid) and TS (total solid)?

In the biogas process you often measure Volatile solid and Total solids. Can any one explain these concepts more accurately and why it is interesting to look at these properties. The biogas process ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

At what substrate concentration will an enzyme work at 40% of its maximum rate if its Km = 0.095M?

The question involves the Michaelis-Menten kinetics equation. Here is what I did: I took the Michaelis-Menten equation, replaced v with 0.4Vmax, canceled the Vmaxes (one on each side), and solved ...
2
votes
2answers
350 views

Translate DNA to Protein

Assuming the sequence shown is read left to right, what is the sequence of the protein produced? sequence: 5’-ATGTACTTCCATCTGGAATAG-3’ MY ATTEMPT: I know RNA is synthesized 5 to 3. This is ...
2
votes
1answer
677 views

Is Aspergillus clavatus an unicellular organism?

I could not find the piece of information form Burton Human Parasitology -book and not by Google. Yeast is divided to two phylums: one of them is Ascomycota. Aspergillus clavatus belong to the given ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Which cells will pass cancer to offspring?

Each of these types below contains a DNA mutation. Which type(s) will affect the children of the individual whose cell it is. Red blood cell T cell Skin (epithelial) cell Neuron from the brain Sperm ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the Giemsa staining of chromosomes?

I got the question in my exam and wrote the following and I do not understand what is wrong in it: Giemsa staining is a staining method to stain particularly malaria and other parasital diseases. ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Substrates of cytochemical reactions in this immunostaining

Expression of extracellular protein Laminin 9 alpha-4 chain in human skeletal muscle. Indirect immunostaining with HRP immunostain marker. Ob.x40. I have unsuccessfully searched NCBI -database, JSTOR ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Simple Mendelian Genetics Question

here is my question: In certain plants, tall is dominant to short. If a heterozygous plant is crossed with a homozygous tall plant, what is the probability that the offspring will be short? My ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

are the spontaneous generation and evolution the same idea but in a different time scale?

I was in my biology class, learning the history of spontaneous generation and how this idea was discarded. I told my teacher that is the same as evolution but in a different timeline. I Argue that ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Which process is needed to complete male reproductive development?

In order to properly complete male reproductive development: ...
2
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2answers
355 views

Promoter in the lac operon

Here is the question: Suppose an experimenter becomes proficient with a technique that allows her to move DNA sequences within a prokaryotic genome. If she moves the promoter for the lac operon to ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Evolutionary conservativeness

List the following proteins in the order of decreasing evolutionary conservativeness of their primary structure: Somatotropin. Catalytic subunit of a DNA – polymerase. Histone H1. ...
2
votes
2answers
281 views

Homework : Sodium Potassium pump

Why does sodium-potassium pump consume about 2/3 energy of a cell ? A.maintains appropriate membrane potential B.helps in co-transport I think it should be A.
2
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1answer
257 views

Population Growth Rate Question?

A population of 600 birds faced a problem of biological magnification resulting in a large number of deaths reducing their population to 350. But 230 births also took place and 21 birds immigrated ...
2
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1answer
32 views

Osmoregulatory Acclimatization in amphibians

If a frog is gradually exposed to increasing concentration of salts can they acclimatise or will they die of exosmosis ?
2
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2answers
178 views

Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium after 5 Generations

1 There is a population not at HWE where red eye = $a^+$ (dominant) and white eyes = $a^-$. if $a^+/a^+ = 0.6$ $a^-/a^+ = 0.1$ $a^-/a^- = 0.3$ what are the frequencies of the $a^+$ and $a^-$ ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How can a respiratory infection lead to a skin infection?

Example of a case: 5 children develop a bright red rash on the face and turns violet after a few days and then disappears. Then maculopapular rash appears on the trunk, buttocks and extremities. It ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What causes tree lines?

There is an area of where there is a distinct line of only trees on one side and only shrubs on the other (right next to each other). What could cause this? My attempt: I said there could be a ...
2
votes
1answer
336 views

What is the structure and function of chromosomes during interphase?

Ok, it seems to be easy but I have probably ignored something by accident. Interphase is the phase where things are growing and the preparation for cell division happens. Its stages G1, S and G2. DNA ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Biphasic T wave caused by digitalis toxicity

Digitalis is a drug that can be used during coronary insufficiency to increase the strength of cardiac muscle contraction. But when overdosages of digitalis are given, depolarization duration ...
2
votes
2answers
300 views

How much of your stock solution should you take to make the 1000 cells/mL mixture? [closed]

You need a solution containing 1000 buccal cells/mL. You count that you have 125 buccal cells in 50uL, from a total solution of 8 mL. How much of your stock solution should you take to make the 1000 ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Lytic Viruses — Cell lysis?

So in the video my instructor sent on viruses, he said that for lytic viruses, new viruses manufactured by the host cell could get out of the cell in one of two ways. The new viruses would leave by ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

How HIV Affects and Its Treatment using Combination Therapy

Can someone please help me with the following questions. I've written my specific questions right after the text question. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus. Its genome is a single ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Which strains of C. diphteria are causing Diphteria toxin?

I got this question: Diphteria toxin is produced only by those strains of C. diphtheria that have which of the following characteristics? Encapsulated glucose fermenters lysogenic for b-prophage ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is genomic imprinting?

What is a genomic imprint? How does genomic imprinting take place? If I say that "this" allele is maternally imprinted does it mean that the allele of the gene is passed only by the mother? If a ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What range of dose should be used?

This is a dose-response experiment testing a new cancer drug. the darker line represents cancer cells. what range of dose should be used? I think it's 2-4 because this affects cancer cells only. is ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Are there any organisms with larva more advanced than adult form?

Usually adult organisms are more sophisticated than corresponding larva, i. e. frogs, mosquitoes, fish. Are there species where the opposite is true?
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Are Bovine serum albumin, Avidin, Ficoll-70 and Dextran-70 positively charged or negatively charged? [closed]

Bovine serum albumin, Avidin, Ficoll-70 and Dextran-70,are they positively charged or negatively charged ? And which other solvents can be used as a substitute to water for preparing solutions in each ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

What happens to colloidal particles in a liquid medium? And how to stabilize it?

Definition Colloid is a dispresion of small particles of one material in another. Definition 2 (Wikipedia) A colloidal system consists of two separate phases: a ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Problem on number of amino acids that an alien can use

A new life form discovered on a distant planet has a genetic code consisting of five unique nucleotides and only one stop codon. If each codon has four bases,what is the maximum number of unique amino ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What are the criteria for determining the origin and end of muscle anatomically?

For example the pectoralis muscle starts from sternum region and ends on the acromion or coracoid process. Why you can't say that it starts acromion process and ends on the sternum?
2
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1answer
43 views

Drosophila grey / yellow

I am studying biology by myself via distance-learning. I have been trying to solve the following problem for a while now and hoped you could help me. As this is "homework" I would appreciate hints ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Question regarding 2 constructs of tobacco plant

Six independent transformation experiments of tobacco leaf explants were carried out using two different constructs - (1) construct I containing only a Hygromycin-resistance gene $(HYG^R)$ as a ...