This tag is for questions about the general anatomical features of human beings as opposed to the anatomy of non-human animals.

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10
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1answer
144 views

Unilateral damage to vagus nerve

Context: The vagus nerves supply the neck viscera, heart, lungs and gastrointestinal tract. They join around the oesophagus to form the oesophageal plexus. Question: Would damage to one vagus nerve ...
7
votes
0answers
111 views

What is basis of multifunctionality of “master glands” in the endocrine system?

I have just started reading about the endocrine system and I am having some difficulty understanding the basis of distribution of glands and associated hormones. I am using multifuntionality to ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Does variation in human gut length vary predictably with diet of ancestors?

Background: Numerous online searches, textbooks and other sources seem to pin the average length of the human gut from mouth to anus (oroanal) between about 5-10m in length. To pick a reputable ...
4
votes
0answers
131 views

Why are lips covered with specialized skin?

I found out some interesting facts while studying our lips: They are covered in glabrous skin, while most of the skin surface is hairy; The outermost layer (stratum corneum) of the skin is far ...
4
votes
0answers
337 views

How do duplicate brain regions (ex: left/right amygdaloid body) operate together?

I frequently hear talk about parts of the brain like "Amygdala" or "Hypothalamus", so I looked them up in an app called "essential anatomy". What I see is that there's mirror symmetry, and most of ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

Human female chest model or data representation?

I am looking for professionally used representation of female chest (I know how it sounds ;). Generally - a model comprehensive enough to effectively represent human chest, with focus on breasts. ...
2
votes
0answers
202 views

Skin extra sensitive to heat after burn

I just got my finger burnt (first degree burn $\Rightarrow$ I didn't even bother to bear the wound). It didn't hurt much, even when I pressed the wound. However, when exposed to heat (hot water, but ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Hypoglossal nerve location

I kind of know where the hypoglossal nerve is located when I look at the diagram but I'd like to know how far is the nerve from the skin and where is the closest area to the skin before and right ...
2
votes
0answers
2k views

Physiologically, how can stress/anxiety cause neuropathy?

According to the Mayo Clinic, stress/anxiety can cause "pins and needles" (neuropathy) sensations all over the body. But how can this be? My understanding of the sensory pathway is that sensory ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Questions regarding Scapulohumeral Rhythm

I'm actually an artist, but I wanted to ask this because it will help a lot in my figure drawings. My artistic anatomy teacher taught me about the Scapulohumeral Rhythm. He said that in during the ...
2
votes
0answers
3k views

What is a lip? (upper lip and lower lip)

Everyone knows what a lip is but I'm asking from a technical and anatomical standpoint. Actually what we call "lip" is "vermilion" in medical terminology. But I want to ask if my understanding is ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Would a transparent iris serve its purpose?

The function of the iris is to regulate the aperture of the pupil. How does the iris obstruct light? Is it due to the pigment present in it? Or is it just due to the sheer presence of it? I am doing ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Is the amount of blood same in the pulmonary and systemic foetal circulation?

We learn that the stroke volume is the same for the right and left side of the heart. So the amount of blood in either circulations should also be the same. (is it? I myself doubt this statement. As ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Atlas from human brain structures to 3D coordinates?

I would like to visualize specific human brain structures in the three dimensional space and compute specific geometric properties of these brain structures (size, centroid, etc). Therefore, I am ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

What factors limit a shape and size of an organ

We all know that anatomy deals with structure of human system. I am interested in knowing the factors that determine the shape and size of each organs in the body. For example, we know that kidneys ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

is there a difference in meaning between the terms “bone architecture” and “bone structure”?

I'm wondering whether "bone architecture" and "bone structure" mean the same thing, or whether they refer to two different concepts. In this article - http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org/content/...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How do macromolecules (large drugs) in the eye reach the bloodstream and what are the relative significances of these pathways?

I am considering the elimination pathways for antibodies (50-150 kDa) from the vitreous humour to the blood stream. My overarching question is what is the most significant route such antibodies could ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

How do we sneeze? - Part 1

For some time I have been thinking about how we sneeze. I have divided my thoughts into two questions. My first question is when a stimuli triggers the sneezing pathway, known as the trigenimal nerve ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Which of these methods is both effective and reliable in elongate muscle and tendon for use in humans: growth factors or stem cell technology

Which method is it the most effective, but also the most reliable for elongating muscle and tendons for clinical trial; using modern growth factor technology or using modern stem cell technology? ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Does a pregnant female body treat the fetus based on gender?

I have seen on a youtube video that the female body produces antigenes and antibodies when she is pregnant with a boy. But this behaviour is not produced when she is pregnant with a girl. These means ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

How were the synaptic areas identified in the somatic sensation pathways?

I'm studying the somatic sensation pathways in neuro-anatomy and I was wondering what was the experimental procedure for identifying the number and location of the synapses in these pathways? ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Can human change its morphology or anatomy due to ecological changes?

According to Charles Darwin, as the surrounding environment changes, so changes the anatomy or morphology of a specific organism. But nowadays, humans have become very advanced in the technology and ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Can defibrillation (cardiac arrest treatment) be done with a vehicle spark plug?

Can successful defibrillation (restarting the heart after cardiac arrest) be done with a spark plug from a vehicle (possibly offroad vehicle)? Is it POSSIBLE for this to work? Let's say you are stuck ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Why is my right hand's thumb on the left side and my left hand's thumb on the right side?

My daughter just asked this question, and I could not provide a thorough answer. My first speculation is that it allows one to manipulate an object using one' both hands simultaneously (if the thumbs ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

If I were to flush enzymes down with a cellulose rich food, what would happen?

Lets say I were to consume an adequate concentration of cellulase and cellubiose with a cellulose rich food. Would nothing happen, would I successfully extract calories from the cellulose, or would it ...
0
votes
0answers
135 views

Are Young Girls Stronger than Young Boys?

According to "common wisdom" the average man has, as a proportion of his body weight, 50% more muscle mass than the average woman. This is in addition to how the average man is several inches taller ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

What is the function of the Moderator band?

The moderator band in the right ventricle is a band sorts of muscle which consists of a significant branch of the AV bundle. Does it mean it delivers impulses to the anterior papillary muscle faster? ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Indentation between trapezius and scapula

I've been studying the muscles of the back, and while browsing through reference pictures on google I've come across this image (coloured lines edited in by me): What I'm confused about are the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How much force can connective tissue withstand?

I have been studying a 3D anatomy model. Based on visual observation, it doesn't look like the bones would be able to stabilize themselves at all without the connective tissue like ligaments. In the ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Is there a genetic reason explaining the difference of the height of male and female?

Male and female height difference seems to be around 1.08 if all cultures are counted from these stats: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_height Can this ratio 27/25 be explained by genetics and ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Root etiology of non-pituitary low T4 and low TSH

Please note: I'd like to preface this question by stating that this is neither homework nor me seeking medical advice. I am simply trying to understand the biological, physiological root etiology ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What is the permeability of proteins across the hyaloid membrane of vitreous to retina?

Does anyone know of any experimental work to test the permeability of the hyaloid membrane between the vitreous humour of the eye to the retina to proteins? Currently the largest molecule I can find ...
0
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0answers
100 views

Does ale give less of a hangover than a lager?

I got into an argument surrounding beer type and hangover. Apparently there is a opinion that ales give you less hangover than lagers do (considering same alcohol content consumed). My understanding ...
0
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0answers
39 views

How to predict the position of the femoral head center given surface anthropometric data?

Given surface measurements such as hip breadth and hip depth, how would you predict the location of the femoral head center?