This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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biologically speaking, what's the difference between sleeping and just resting?

I can lay down in a rested position with my mind at ease, but no matter how relaxed I am or for how long i do it, it seems I'll still need sleep eventually. What's the difference - what is occurring ...
5
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4answers
2k views

Can nosebleed cause death?

Can Epistaxis or Nosebleed can be a of cause death?
3
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1answer
65 views

How much energy is required to blind someone?

As I understand the ravages of sunlight upon the (human) eye; the cause of ocular damage and blindness is too much energy delivered to the cones and rods that ultimately make up our eyes; so the ...
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1answer
60 views

Schedules of mating for men

It’s simple deductive logic to follow that for a species to survive it must provide it’s offspring with the best possible conditions to ensure it’s survival – either that or to reproduce in such ...
9
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1answer
346 views

Supercomputer Vs Human Brain

With supercomputers doing calculation in petaflops ($10^{15}$ Calculations per Second), have we crossed the speed of Human Brain?
4
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1answer
32 views

Does fasting improves immunity?

I have heard that fasting causes regeneration of memory cells(B- and T-lymphocytes) thereby improving immunity.Is this true? If yes, how?
4
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1answer
28 views

Can you measure ECG from a single location?

I want to make a DIY bracelet to measure my ECG. All I need is the interbeat interval. Can I design a bracelet on one arm only, with two electrodes slightly spaced from one another, and figure out ...
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2answers
44 views

How to know if your breathing is normal?

Is it possible for a device to measure how much air we breathe in and out over the entire day and at what rate? I think if we have access to this data we can compare it across people.
7
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1answer
406 views

Perspiration after drinking water

If we don't drink water for a long period of time(say,10 hours), as during fasting and then when we break our fast by drinking water why is it that our body starts sweating?
2
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1answer
45 views

Is it dangerous to eat a mutated eggplant descended from a radioactive ancestor?

What is the risk, if any, associated with eating a 100th-generation mutated eggplant derived from a radioactive ancestor? In another word, is that possible that organic toxin will be produced by the ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Is there any research paper state the pros and cons for human to be taller?

Is there any research paper state the physical health pros and physical health cons for humans to be taller? For example, shorter people seems to more likely to get involved in heart diseases and ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

cerebral edema and blood pressure, pulse

What happens to blood pressure in cerebral edema; does systolic and diastolic rise equally? So the pulse actually slows down? Can't find anything about that, please help
2
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1answer
52 views

Biology Analogy

In my book are given several paired analogies with me being asked to give reason for them. I could solve all of them except this: liver = thrifty house-keeper I mean, I do not understand why the ...
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0answers
48 views

Why the scent of mouth gets dirty after not eating for a long time?

After a long time of hard workout,not eating and nervousness makes your taste and scent of mouth very uncomfortable and bad why this happens and is there any way to prevent it?
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1answer
42 views

Does tea have its effect if you have a sleep after drinking it?

If I drink tea, then go to sleep for a while, when I wake up, will the effect of tea still be on me (the refreshing effect)? Does it depend on the duration of sleep?
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votes
2answers
1k views

How do we know the presence of light when our eyes are closed?

Last night I laid on my bed and tried to go to sleep with the light off. I closed my eyes (but hadn't gone to sleep). My younger brother touched the wireless mouse (which had laser) for the laptop. ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Biosphere that simulates sun and moon shifts

Is there an enclosed biosphere that artificially simulates the movement of the sun and moon at increased intervals? It is known that the sun and moon alter plant movements therefore I was wondering ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Which part of human eyes is getting tired?

It's a thing of common sense that if you read, drive or look at computer screen for too long your eyes will get tired. They burn, itch and try to close all the time. But I was wondering which part(s) ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Simultaneously using both hands - How does that work?

Is some part in one hemisphere the decision maker and "calling the shots" - controlling the opposite side's hand "directly" and controlling its own side's hand through the corpus callosum. Or: is ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Are Asian people shorter than Europeans?

People in different countries have different average heights. For example, Wikipedia's article on human height states that Australian men have an average height of 177.8 cm, and Australian women 163.8 ...
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1answer
51 views

level of organisation of proteins

Is there any disulphide bond in a quaternary structured protein? If yes, please provide examples. In tertiary structured proteins, what is(are) the most important characteristic(s) of tertiary ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Is it theoretically possible to treat filaggrin deficiency with a dietary supplement?

http://f1000.com/prime/reports/m/3/2/ "Filaggrin is a highly abundant protein expressed in the uppermost part of the epidermis that is critical to the formation and hydration of the stratum ...
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0answers
49 views

What are hot spots on human body?

Recently I have just discovered that a certain amount of the mobile phone frequency can be absorbed by human tissues. For example, this is the SAR info of iPhone 4s: Head: 1.180 W/kg 1 g Body: ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Can HIV be transmitted via breastfeeding?

If a pregnant women is HIV positive and she is treated with medicines to deliver a normal child,can she transfer the HIV virus back to her normal HIV free child by colostrum?
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2answers
153 views

How much vanilla will kill a person?

I received a gift that is a jug of Pure Mexican Vanilla. Having never dealt with large quantities of vanilla, it made me curious as to what would happen if a person had too much vanilla. I understand ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

What happens to fecal matter if it's continually re-eaten?

After class today, the topic of eating one's one fecal matter came up. There was a sharp divide as to how people thought the defecations would change. I realize this is a bit of an odd question but ...
2
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1answer
59 views

What is the biological function of nose hair?

What is the biological function of nose hair? In general, can we consider underarm hair and pubic hair to be vestigial structures?
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0answers
30 views

Does healthcare and therapy affect natural selection adversely? [duplicate]

In the last 200 years or so, healthcare and therapy has been revolutionized. Mortality rates are going down everywhere. Even if the disease is terminal, medicine can prolong life for quite a while. ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Tap vs. mineral water for drinking

I was told a human should drink a small glass (0,3 liter) of mineral water per day to get the minerals. What is the rationale behind this? What is the difference between tap water and mineral water in ...
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1answer
57 views

Religion and Genetics

Are there studies that investigate the heritability of believing in supernatural things (or related concepts)? Or stated differently. Are there studies that ...
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1answer
69 views

Drinkable liquids that dont contain water [closed]

Are there any drinkable liquids that don't contain water? By drinkable I mean it would not harm me by just drinking it, like water.
4
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1answer
80 views

Applying saliva to mosquito bites

Is it true that; when you apply your own saliva to a mosquito bite it would stop itching ?
3
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1answer
392 views

What is in Mosquito bites?

I was wondering what is in the mosquito bites, which causes the swelling of the skin at the bite and also the itching. I know that the mosquito injects some stuff, but what is it?
4
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1answer
757 views

Why do veins look blue?

I know that veins carry oxygen. Veins look blue because the oxygen-depleted blood in them is blue. Is this true??
2
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0answers
83 views

Human female chest model or data representation?

I am looking for professionally used representation of female chest (I know how it sounds ;). Generally - a model comprehensive enough to effectively represent human chest, with focus on breasts. ...
4
votes
3answers
207 views

Is the human body composition real?

In Fullmetal Alchemist when Ed goes to disprove to Rose the Sun God's "miracle" to bring humans back to life by proving that science (in the form of Alchemy) can create people by saying Water (35 ...
2
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2answers
48 views

Cancer growth and cell division [closed]

I am confused about the prerequisites for cell division and cancer. Which of the following is necessary for the cell cycle to progress? Hormones Growth factor Cyclins Cyclin dependent kinases ...
2
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1answer
35 views

What is inside IDL (intermediate density lipoproteïn)?

I am studying about the endogene lipidcycle in the human body and I know that VLDL (very low density lipoproteïn) is made in the liver and that it contains triglycerides and cholesterol from your food ...
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1answer
56 views

Why do we suffer abdominal pain after we get very angry or stress?

You also realize probably, when we get so much anger or high levels of stress, after some point we have terrible stomach ache, like really heavy pain. Why is that? How stress or anger can effect our ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

If the top epidermal layer is burned away, what is it replaced with?

If the squamous (top) layer of epidermis, or skin, is burned or damaged in another way, will it then be replaced by the next layer of below? Also, from where does the basal membrane originate? Does ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What cells don't have a primary cilium?

It is often stated that most cells in the human body have a primary cilium. Which ones don't? For which cells is it unknown?
2
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1answer
77 views

What is the evolutionary cause for various finger lengths?

Why are the lengths the way they are with middle finger the longest?
4
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2answers
47 views

Could humans choose to establish fibre digesting colonies in our guts?

Humans don't digest fibre, and nor do any animals, but some creatures have micro-organisms (bacteria, I'm guessing) in their gut which digest fibre for them. My question is, could humans take some ...
0
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1answer
66 views

What is atrial fibrillation?

I am wondering exactly what a-fib is (causes and symptoms). I would really appreciate having a sample of an EKG with it (because in my limited research, I have found it nearly impossible to find just ...
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1answer
27 views

Effects of having too much vitamin D?

I saw there was another question about vitamin D; however, I do not believe this is a repeat. What are some of the effects/side effects of having too much vitamin D in your body?
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Do macrophages engulf mtDNA?

Let us assume that in a human body, a mitochondrial DNA is released to extracellular environment. We know that mtDNA inheritance is solely matrilineal. So the question is, If your mitochondrial DNA ...
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0answers
56 views

In-Ear headphones increasing nasal breathing resistance

I figure this is a rather strange question, however, I noticed this quite some time ago and wanted to make sure that this is in fact a permanent condition before posting. The situation is as follows: ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Is there a hormone combination that makes humans grumpy?

Imagine a typical situation that is likely to give rise to a bad temper within an individual: a person is awoken very early in the morning by a sound of a lawn being mowed next door. Unlike expected ...
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0answers
38 views

What is the current scientific position on the issue of human race?

Race is perhaps one of the most controversial and sensitive issues in anthropology, biology, and other related fields. As a non-scientist, I've used google to probe the disparity between the positions ...
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0answers
13 views

Chemical events of fertilization

During the acrosome reaction, the activation enzyme present in the sperm dissolves the corona radiata and zona pellucida enabling the sperm to reach the plasma membrane of the egg. Also calcium and ...