This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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Sensory Overload [on hold]

I was playing with the new oculus vr a few days ago, I was wondering will there be a time when the visual cortex is completely overloaded trying to process say a section of a game due to the massive ...
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1answer
34 views

Human Demography - Where can I find this statistic?

In "An Introduction to Genetics" by David J. Merrell, copyright 1975 by W.W. Norton + Co., p. 742, in the Chapter "Genetic Counseling and Eugenics," the author states: "... 50% of the women produce 85%...
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How does Jyoti Amge defy aging? [on hold]

She's over 18 and yet she looks almost exactly like a small version of a normal little kid. How does she have such an undistorted slown down aging unlike Nicky Freeman described at https://au.news....
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Are apples really better for the immune system than most fruit? [migrated]

"An apple a day keeps the doctor away", the saying goes, implying that apples are somehow especially good for the immune system. But does this idiom have any validity to it? Are apples high in ...
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34 views

Stopping the Gag Reflex: How and why does it work?

I was talking to some friends over the weekend, and one of them made a comment about gagging. He said that he read or watched that clenching your thumb with your other fingers (making a tight fist ...
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32 views

Why people have less hair than other primates? [duplicate]

Well as you can figure out, most primates such as monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees, have all their body covered with fur. As we know they are evolutional "relatives" to us humans, but we dont have ...
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0answers
58 views

Why did we evolve to control our breath?

I had this question in my mind and tried to think of why we would evolve to be able to control our breath. I remembered the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis, which makes a lot of sense and would explain it, ...
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1answer
40 views

Amino Acid requirement + intake in relation to diet + meat type [closed]

I was arguing with a friend: I said: The Yulin festivals cannot be condemned by western culture, as we also kill animals in equally cruel ways. She said: It isn't just that the killing is cruel, ...
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42 views

Why is sex pleasure giving activity but not childbirth?

Asking from an evolutionary viewpoint. Sex is a pleasure giving activity so that it encourages reproduction and spreading of genes. But childbirth ,the most crucial part of the reproductive process, ...
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1answer
92 views

Can the human body create glucose out of fat?

I read conflicting views about whether or not the human body can create glucose out of fat. Can it?
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1answer
53 views

Cancer biology: Can tumors form from cells that are genetically identical to non-cancerous cells?

Can a tumor begin to form without any genetic mutations? I'm specifically interested in a tumor which could later lead to cancer.
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2answers
51 views

How is UV light damaging DNA as the chromosomes are deep in the cell?

When UV light is on your skin it has to go through the cell membrane and to the membrane of the core. So it looks like that the DNA is protected. But it probably isn't. But can't membranes not been ...
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1answer
12 views

How do molecules signal pre synaptic neurons to activate? [closed]

How do molecules signal pre synaptic neurons to activate? and also is it more the structure or the elements in the molecule that allows it to activate the neuron also how do molecules bind to ...
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0answers
31 views

Why does crippling pain exist? [closed]

Some kinds of trauma can cause pain so severe that it makes you unable to move or do anything at all. It may put you out of action and unable to help yourself because of how excruciating it is. ...
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0answers
43 views

Is there an evolutionary advantage associated with migraine? [duplicate]

I have read Wikipedia article on Genetics of migraine headaches and I don't buy it Because genetics influence susceptibility to migraine, it can be shaped by evolution. Fitness-impairing ...
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2answers
65 views

Difference between water and tea [duplicate]

My friend heard that tea is worse for drinking than water because "cells have a special membrane and tea has special supplements and membrane doesn't let tea pass and this is why skin is dry even when ...
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1answer
153 views

What's the mechanism for being mentally tired?

I notice that after long tests, or long periods of critical thinking, my body and mind feel noticeably tired. Why does this happen? Are the neurons in my head not firing as quickly, or is there just a ...
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2answers
47 views

Why is oxygen and CO2 measured in pressure instead of mmoles/L like other ions?

Na, K, Cl...All measured in mmol/L in plasma. Why is oxygen and CO2 measured in pressure (mmHg)? (I guess it has something to do with them being bound to RBC but I don't know why the difference).
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0answers
59 views

Why does sex give people pleasure [closed]

My question is Why does sex give people pleasure? I know that the pituitary gland secretes sex hormones and the sex organs receives the signal. How is it related to dopamine at last? Through ...
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0answers
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Does oxyhaemoglobin is less likely to unload oxygen in the presence of 2,3BPG?

Red blood cells may contain a molecule known as 2,3-bisphophoglycerate (2,3BPG). When 2,3BPG binds to haemoglobin a higher partial pressure of oxygen is needed to bring about 50% saturation of ...
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1answer
59 views

Is it necessary to remove a bullet from the body? [closed]

So here is the proof: William Lawis Pace lived with bullet in his head for many years & even hit 100. However, both in real life and movies, we often see doctors struggling to remove bullets ...
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1answer
58 views

Living on pure glycogen?

I was recently fascinated when I learned about polysaccharides (I am a biology newbie) and was wondering about some of their properties. After doing some googling I was unable to find any information ...
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1answer
56 views

How do cancers eventually lead to death / other debilitating symptoms? [closed]

With regards to people I know or have read about who live with cancer, most of their symptoms are results of chemotherapy, surgical interventions, etc., which have the goal of eradicating the cancer. ...
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1answer
30 views

Resting stage of primary oocytes

In my biology textbook, I read that the primary oocyte gets arrested in the early stages of meiosis in prophase I (diplotene stage). I wanted to know why this is so. I searched google, and this ...
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0answers
20 views

Lyonization and Turner's syndrome

If lyonization is basically inactivation on X chromosome, and Turner's syndrome patients have only one existing X chromosome, what is the difference between healthy women with inactivated X chromosome ...
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1answer
114 views

How can alcohol cause blindness?

Strong alcoholic beverages (e.g. moonshine) are reported to have caused blindness amongst some people. How exactly can alcohol make someone go blind? Is that because different forms of "rubbing" ...
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2answers
101 views

How do T-cells determine which cells they've already inspected?

From what I understand, T-cells are constantly traveling in the body, inspecting cells by looking for antigens. If they're self antigens, then the T-cell doesn't attack, whereas if they're non-self, ...
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2answers
64 views

Is saturation of olfactory cells able to create a feeling of another odour when it stops?

I'm looking for at least one scientific study about how odours could impact human olfactory system and create some phenomenon that could be loosely compared to retina remanence. As an example, with ...
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0answers
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Modeling a patient's parameters (SPO2, HR, BIS etc.) to their effect on the patient

I'm currently using code (C#) I wrote which creates a 3 compartment model to simulate the concentration $C_{p}$ of Propofol in blood plasma using the Schnider and Marsh pharmacokinetic models. I ...
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1answer
31 views

Why do people cut back on kilo-calories?

I am learning about specific heat in science and I learned about how the specific heat for water is called a calorie, but that is different to what is on the food label. On the food label, that ...
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2answers
113 views

How do I tell if the mosquitos in my New York City apartment can carry Zika?

The species that carries Zika, A. aegypti, is unlikely to be found in New York. However, the related species A. albopictus is prevalent and quite concerning. So this question is focusing on A. ...
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1answer
72 views

What actually happens to the human body during fasting/starvation? [closed]

I recently came across a UN study which advocated that controlled fasting can be beneficial for the the human body and I am fascinated by stories of wilderness survival against the odds. It piqued ...
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1answer
33 views

Amino acids in human cancer cells expose dextrorotation?

I would like to know if the amino acids in the human cancer cells are dextrorotatory or levorotatory. I mean the majority of them. They expose levorotation just like the amino acids in the normal ...
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Why are sarcomas rare compared to carcinomas?

A sarcoma (from the Greek σάρξ sarx meaning "flesh") is a cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin. Thus, malignant tumors made of cancellous bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, ...
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1answer
83 views

What is the difference between a Human Being, Homo Sapiens and a Neanderthal?

I know that the Neanderthal's are a branch of the Human Being but how do all three relate to each other or more specifically what is the difference?
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2answers
53 views

Can all elements be found in our body? [closed]

There are many Natural occurring atomic elements. Can they all be found in the human body?
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0answers
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Why human hair is losing its color over time? [duplicate]

Human hair is losing its color over time, that's a known fact. I would like to know why, meaning what biological processes are involved in this? Also, is it part of the DNA somehow, i.e. the exact ...
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0answers
49 views

Why do people tend to stand on one leg? [closed]

I know for a fact, by observing people and from own experience (you can try it yourself while standing, but not too consciously and in a loose way) that they (like birds), while standing, tend to do ...
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1answer
23 views

Cell division - meiosis

Really confused. How many chromosomes pairs do humans have in their sex cells? How many single chromosomes do humans have in their sex cells?
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0answers
45 views

T cell sensitivity and persistence to specific bacterial proteins

Currently, the standard tests for Lyme Disease measure antibody production after exposure to a bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi. Often, the tests are performed too soon after infection, before ...
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0answers
12 views

Is salivation decrease during sleep beneficial?

Papers [1, 2, 3] tell that a salivation decrease is not only unpleasant, but harmful for dental health. What cause that decrease? What is the reason for it and do animals have it? I guess it's a ...
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1answer
29 views

Do we know a complete list of nutrients that humans must ingest to live?

When the people who are making "nutritionally complete" foods like Soylent are developing their product, how do they know that they've covered all their bases? You need to have protein, carbohydrates, ...
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3answers
120 views

How does the brain immediately know when one's thirst has been quenched?

The question struck me the other day when I drank a glass of water. I understand that there are at least two conditions under which the brain signals thirst: extracellular thirst, when there's not ...
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0answers
46 views

Why do some men have patchy beards?

Why do some men have patchy beards? Or more specifically, why would some hair follicles lack sufficient 5-alpha reductase while others nearby don't when their genetic code is identical and they are ...
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0answers
25 views

Number of pair of chromosomes in sex cells of human [closed]

Just wondering how many pair of chromosomes in sex cells of human? How many single chromosomes in sex cells of human? Thanks for your help! It is said the chromosomes in sex cells are haploid?
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1answer
106 views

Which are the last cells of the human body to die?

When somebody dies, which are the last surviving cells of his/her body? Those of hair, nails, or some other obscure but resilient cells? Shedding light on why and how they are so vital might boost ...
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0answers
31 views

If your atlas is out of alignment, will the rest of your spine be out as well?

I just found out about this association called Nucca. Basically, they are a chiropractic association - their whole idea is that if your atlas is out of alignment, then the rest of your spine is also ...
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0answers
22 views

peritoneal dialysis Vs Hemodialysis?

Their are basically two types of dialysis: 1.peritoneal dialysis 2.hemodialysis, My Question is Why the peritoneal dialysis needs to be carried out on everyday BUT hemodialysis is carried out on only ...
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0answers
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Is there any range for Aortic Valve Gradient?

I understand aortic valve gradient is pressure on the value (measured in mmHg). What I would like to know is if there has been any research that identified a minimum and maximum pressure value as the ...
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47 views

What happens to the human brain when unconscious?

What part of the brain gets affected and does it harm the brain? Thank you I just needed some extra info for a video I'm making.