This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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Are the intestinal flora substantially different within a diverticulum of the colon?

From the Wikipedia page for the vermiform appendix: This proposal is based on a new understanding of how the immune system supports the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria, in combination ...
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59 views

Can we identify an individual from their palm lines

Can we identify an individual from their palm lines. Is there any uniqueness for palm lines among family members ?
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424 views

How much vanilla will kill a person?

I received a gift that is a jug of Pure Mexican Vanilla. Having never dealt with large quantities of vanilla, it made me curious as to what would happen if a person had too much vanilla. I understand ...
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296 views

How are proteins formed?

Somewhere, I have read that we need to consume proteins to make amino acids to make new proteins. What does it suggest? How do we make proteins from proteins?
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4answers
149 views

Significance of having goosebumps?

What help does goosebumps do to us? I don't think it helps us noticeably when we are scared or shivering.
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644 views

Shouldn't evolution have taken care of baldness already?

It is my understanding that the hair on the head is there to protect us from sunburn. I've never seen a bald animal, so isn't evolution in charge of addressing these type of things? How is it that ...
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1answer
58 views

Gastro-intestinal physiology reference

I am a physicist but I have always wanted to understand how my digestion takes place in as much detail as possible. I have no idea about books or reference on the subject of Gastro-intestinal and ...
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2answers
119 views

Which was the last significant event in human evolution? What's next?

At 10.000 BC (12 ka), we became the last of the Homo species on Earth. In evolutionary terms this is a very little time range to something happen, but I'm wondering anyway, in this meantime which are ...
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2answers
89 views

How precise is EEG?

Imagine we want to read impulses within single neurons in the brain. Can we do that now for a single region within the brain? If not, what is the smallest region that can be monitored for an activity ...
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28 views

Can ingesting substances that are produced by the body cause a permanent withering of the organs that produce the substance?

This question is about substances such as insulin and some vitamins that the human body is able to produce on its own. Some substances that are produced by the body are also present in various body ...
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70 views

How to know if your breathing is normal?

Is it possible for a device to measure how much air we breathe in and out over the entire day and at what rate? I think if we have access to this data we can compare it across people.
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1answer
98 views

Biology in romantic love

Hi could anyone explain the biological basis behind romantic love. What is the biological basis of falling in love?I know that serotonin and dopamine are secreted when we first fall in love. What ...
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1answer
50 views

Is it easier to burn a calorie of fat or a calorie of a carbohydrate?

Say someone eats 100 calories of chocolate vs. 100 calories of carrots. Something tells me that eating the chocolate will lead to you generating more fat. Will it? Is it harder to burn the calories ...
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1answer
125 views

Raising two legs together while lying on bed

Let's do some exercise(duh!) Ok so lie on the bed. Lift your left leg. Put it down. Lift your right leg.Put it down. Easy? Now lift your left leg and without putting it down, lift your right leg. ...
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1answer
4k views

Is Diabetes sex linked disease

There are two types of diabetes mellitus. a. Type 1 diabetes mellitus b. Type 2 diabetes melliuts Is either of them a sex linked disease? Can either one be inherited? My book says, "this disease is ...
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1answer
78 views

Is it possible to give a person an allergic reaction in a very specific place?

Can I give a person an allergic reaction at a very specific spot in a tissue? And if so, how accurate can i get?
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1answer
75 views

Can gelatine digestion make blood more thick?

Can gelatine cause blood thickening if digested?
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1answer
31 views

How does ANF increase GFR?

ANF as we know reduce the Na+ uptake and K+ removal in the distal tubules and it also functions as a Vasodialator (?) But again it says that ANF increases the Glomerular filtrate ? But if it is acting ...
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1answer
41 views

Anesthetics, specifically inhaled anesthetics

I have had a look at previous inhaled anesthetics and many of them appear to be fluorocarbons. What could be the mechanism behind fluorine's anesthetic properties? Is it the specific bonding pattern ...
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1answer
35 views

Clonidine's adrenonergic nature?

I am little confused here. I used the term adrenoagonist and sympatholytic to describe the compound. However, my teacher says that the correct term here is adrenomimetic -term. My understanding of ...
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1answer
86 views

Why do people and animals stretch out their bodies and what is causing this behaviour?

I noticed that my cat which is only 6 months old has started stretching its body from time to time. Then I thought that this motion doesn't seem very natural from another cat's viewpoint, so my cat ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do we suffer abdominal pain after we get very angry or stress?

You also realize probably, when we get so much anger or high levels of stress, after some point we have terrible stomach ache, like really heavy pain. Why is that? How stress or anger can effect our ...
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1answer
131 views

Trauma, blood loss and thirst

Back story. Watched an episode of Arctic Air, (season three episode six), where they are practicing and hoping to become a licensed search and rescue airline. Anyhow; two hikers gets attacked by a ...
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1answer
57 views

Could light/occasional smoking strengthen the lungs?

Here's my thought process, correct me where I'm wrong. It seems the human body has thresholds. Examples: You lift too much weight, and the muscles and tendons risk serious injury, but otherwise ...
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2answers
48 views

Why will tissue from identical twin be rejected in some cases?

From Medline Plus : Also, transplants from one identical twin to another are almost never rejected. My question : Why can a tissue from an identical twin be rejected ?
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126 views

Can excessive carbonated drink consumption lead to elevated red blood cell levels?

I've recently had a blood test and the results displayed elevated levels of erythrocytes as well as hemoglobin. (As a result my hematocrit levels were also above average) At my workplace there is a ...
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1answer
37 views

Surrogacy Post Fertilization

The wikipedia page on surrogacy highlights two main forms of surrogacy: Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy. Traditional surrogacy inseminates the surrogate mother with sperm, while ...
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1answer
147 views

Determining a patients biological age?

I am looking for an algorithm that shows the exact coefficients some variables that have on a hospital patient's chronological age versus their biological age. I understand a lot of the variables ...
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1answer
124 views

Breathing in and out

I was reading my textbook and it says that breathing involves inhaling and exhaling but it doesn't say whether they happen simultaneously or sequentially. Also is my overall understanding of ...
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1answer
115 views

How is deviated nasal septum related to cold

I have a deviated nasal septum and I always suffer from common cold I was just wondering how a deviated nasal septum can be the cause for chronic common cold
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1answer
106 views

What are the effects of muscle and fat mass on survivability?

If we have humans A, B and C who are different: A is thin (skinny) without significant muscle or fat mass. B is muscular C is fat Which one of them has the best body for survival in accidents like ...
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1answer
1k views

Are there more/less favourable phases of menstrual cycle to donate blood?

I was wondering whether it makes a difference when during the menstrual cycle a female is donating blood in terms of: Blood quality (iron or hormones levels) Her health/safety I am aware that ...
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1answer
47 views

I'd like to know the name and a few details of a certain time-keeping structure in the human brain

I once heard of this structure on the Discovery Science channel and have since forgotten the name. The details I remember about it were that it is the central time-keeping device for the brain located ...
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1answer
87 views

What in soy are people allergic to and will these allergens be passed along if an animal that has eaten soy is consumed?

I have two related questions about soy allergies and possible reactions. What is it that are humans who have soy allergies actually allergic to? What is the allergen? If an animal eats soy, are ...
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1answer
73 views

Are there any studies of epigenetic difference between twins during their lifespan?

Are there any studies of epigenetic difference between twins during their lifespan ? I ask because I wonder if there exist phases during lifespan, when environmental factors plays major role ...
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4answers
73 views

Does the necessary Carbon Dioxide need to be in the atmosphere for mammals?

In the answers to this question, we've learnt that carbon dioxide is necessary for mammalian life. But, is it necessary in the atmosphere/to breathe it in? Or does the act of respiration give a ...
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1answer
50 views

Biphasic T wave caused by digitalis toxicity

Digitalis is a drug that can be used during coronary insufficiency to increase the strength of cardiac muscle contraction. But when overdosages of digitalis are given, depolarization duration ...
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1answer
25 views

Dehydration from caffeine, alcohol and other

Tea, Coffee, Beer, Coke etc… I wonder if the benefit from amount of fluid we get from them is bigger or smaller then the handicap of dehydration. In other words it is worth to drink them if we want ...
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2answers
60 views

What are the differences between a benign tumor and swelling?

What are the differences between a benign tumor and an injury related swelling? And can swellings due to injury turn into a benign tumor?
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1answer
50 views

Can signals travel “backwards” in the sensory pathway?

My understanding of the "sensory pathway" is that its a linear, directional pipeline as follows: Nerves (fire various signals depending on the type of sensors they are) Fibers (transmit signals from ...
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2answers
59 views

Can Hepatitis be caused by Bacteria?

There are many information about viral hepatitis. But it is interesting for me, can bacteria cause the hepatitis too?
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1answer
64 views

Understanding intra and extracelullar concentrations (membrane potential)

I have 4 question (not homework) What happens to the cells membrane potential if: a) Na+ outside rises by 40mM b) K+ inside rises by 10mM c) K+ outside rises by 10mM d) A- (impermeable ion) ...
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1answer
72 views

Religion and Genetics

Are there studies that investigate the heritability of believing in supernatural things (or related concepts)? Or stated differently. Are there studies that ...
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1answer
49 views

Any forms of pneumonia that can be caught?

I am aware of the fact that there are several different types of pneumonia. However, I am wondering if any of these types of pneumonia are contagious from person to person. Is this possible?
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263 views

Does Science Say That We Should Die? [duplicate]

Excluding situations where you die from accidents, the main reason for death is -generaly- diseases. And usually it is about an organ which becomes "tired" after many years. These results are all ...
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111 views

How the lungs clear themselves?

Looking at my computer's fan I can say that a lot of dust is collected on it not less dust should be collected in the lungs, not to mention some inhaled parts of food. How the lungs clear themselves ...
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1answer
71 views

People say the cardiac cycle depends on blood pressure? How so?

I know what the cardiac cycle is. There are two phases diastole and systole. One is the relaxed, and the other is the contracted form of the heart. The diastole is where blood is pumped to the ...
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1answer
131 views

Consequence of touching Formaldehyde

I accidently touched formaldehyde some days ago. Skin on my hand got dehydrated as if I had placed it in salt solution. I washed it with water and it returned to normal state after 5 minutes. But now ...
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1answer
47 views

Is there a scientific name for the field of study focusing on the hemispheres of the brain and their control of opposite sides of the body?

I'm assuming this field of study would focus on motor controls, movement, and exercise, but it could also focus on activities which strengthen the corpus callosum or stimulate a specific half of the ...
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1answer
33 views

What are good data on the Human Metabolic Model and where can I get them?

Trying to get a good SBML representation of the Human Metabolic Model for use in Flux Balance Analysis and drug targetting (i.e. gene knockout) simulations. What are good sources for these data? ...