This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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What will happen when humans are injected with plant growth hormones

Will plant growth hormones (PGHs), (let us consider auxins for example) poison our body or not? I do realise that when you eat a shoot, auxins get digested and are less likely to be poisonous but when ...
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0answers
65 views

What Would Happen To a Human Who Died In Space And Stayed There For a Prolonged Period of Time? [closed]

Last night I was watching a documentary regarding the Apollo space program, and it spoke about how Apollo 8 orbited the moon 10 times then came back to Earth. It said that while the ship was in orbit ...
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2answers
76 views

Do babies conceived naturally or artificially have any differences in long-term health?

Are there any long-term differences in children conceived via artificial insemination or sexual intercourse, pending that the mother successfully delivers the child?
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0answers
31 views

Do both the Sperm and Egg must be at exactly 7.4 pH for fertilization?

I suddenly came across this article and it says that for human conception to occur both the sperm and egg must be at exactly 7.4 pH - not 7.0, nor 7.7 but 7.4. If conception depended on such exact ...
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0answers
31 views

Are all genes transcribed in differentiated cells?

My textbook tells me that it’s specific transcription factors that allow for a different set of genes to be expressed in different cells (differential gene expression). My book gives the example of ...
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2answers
2k views

Why is it advised that infants are fed mother's milk?

I have heard that mother's milk is preferred over other baby foods, because it contains immunoglobulines (secretory IgA), and other essential nutrients. But why is mother's milk so special? Any ...
5
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1answer
43 views

Is Zika suspected of causing birth defects only if contracted during pregnancy?

There seems to be growing evidence that a recently spreading strain of Zika virus is in fact linked to microencephaly and other birth defects in newborns (see here, here, and here for examples). I ...
5
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1answer
83 views

Why is it always Sodium that we talk of in blood pressure?

Why is that we emphasize so much on sodium in blood pressure? I understand that it is a major extracellular ion, but, it also is tightly regulated. So when something is that tightly regulated, won't ...
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0answers
35 views

Why are oral cells (or tissues) more heat resistant? [closed]

When we are having meals, such as enjoying hot pot and drinking hot water, we only have a sense of "warm" in our mouth, or even along the organs in alimentary canal. But when we put our fingers into ...
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1answer
60 views

Identifying an Unknown Blood Type [closed]

The following case study has a student working with blood samples to identify their blood types (A, B, AB, and O). Consider the situation and answer the questions. A student is given eight ...
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0answers
13 views

Why do kupffer cells not attack sporozoites of malaria?

During malaria, why don't kuppfer cells (hepatic macrophages) attack the plasmodium and stop schizogony, thus saving us from the disease?
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0answers
80 views

Is natural selection still at work in humans in the 21st century? [duplicate]

There has been some disussion on this site about some aspects (e.g. evolution of eye sight, or height, or the effect of medicine, or evolution the past $\sim10000$ years). My question is really more ...
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102 views

Are Young Girls Stronger than Young Boys?

According to "common wisdom" the average man has, as a proportion of his body weight, 50% more muscle mass than the average woman. This is in addition to how the average man is several inches taller ...
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0answers
21 views

Can humans extract calories from all roots? [closed]

Roots are used for storing plants' energy, which suggests that humans could extract the calories by consuming them. However, I have been unable to find any substantial sources on consuming the roots ...
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0answers
16 views

Is the amount of blood same in the pulmonary and systemic foetal circulation?

We learn that the stroke volume is the same for the right and left side of the heart. So the amount of blood in either circulations should also be the same. (is it? I myself doubt this statement. As ...
2
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1answer
27 views

What is the name of the property of viruses can activate a second time, with different symptoms?

The Varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox in children and shingles in adults. It appears after the initial infection, it can go dormant in the nerve, and reactivate itself decades later. In ...
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0answers
15 views

Variation of human body temperature during physical exercises [closed]

I'm currently doing a research on "Variation of human body temperature during physical exercises". I have to study about Heat equation in 1-D , 2-D and 3-D. Are there any good resources that I can ...
3
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0answers
38 views

What is the name of the category of viruses that affect only one side of the body?

The Varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox in children and shingles in adults. When the virus attacks as shingles, one of its distinguishing characteristics is that it only affects one side of the ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

What is the name of the property of viruses that can go dormant in the host for 30 years?

The Varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox in children and shingles in adults. It appears after the initial infection, it can go dormant in the nerve, and reactivate itself decades later. My ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Is a bone marrow transplant limited by sex?

Can a female patient get transplanted with bone marrow of a male donor and vice versa?
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1answer
44 views

Lookup for transporter locations in humans

I am interested in several transporters and cotransporters (eg SLC12A1/2 and many others), more precicely, in (human) organism that are made of cells containing those transporters. So does anyone know ...
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0answers
58 views

Can a Turner syndrome patient develop male characteristics artificially?

From an answer to the question Can stem cells from male convert to cells of female-only organs, and vice versa? Y chromosome is the sex determining chromosome with SRY gene that determines testes ...
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0answers
27 views

Does variation in human gut length vary predictably with diet of ancestors?

Background: Numerous online searches, textbooks and other sources seem to pin the average length of the human gut from mouth to anus (oroanal) between about 5-10m in length. To pick a reputable ...
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0answers
51 views

Real Wine and Real Bread Superfoods? [closed]

On NPR news on the Fm Radio a doctor said wine and bread is the best 2 things you can eat together? A practice observed to this day by Christianity although the bread and wine are badly stripped of ...
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0answers
52 views

How would a human brain change if it existed in isolation? [closed]

How would a human brain change if it didn't receive any signals for a longer period of time (e.g. 1 month)?
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0answers
29 views

how to visualise a network of proteins complex? [closed]

I would like to know how to visualise a complex of several proteins lets say I have a list of proteins ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Do animals other than humans dislike food sources that others seem to like?

Humans (especially children...) seem to dislike certain foods or drinks, that other humans seem to like. Common examples are coffee, french cheeses, milk, fish and cabbage. Are there examples of ...
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1answer
26 views

Irradiation positive effect on humans?

In research paper Euphytica 135: 187–204, 2004 it is written that: 434 mutant varieties of rice have been released with improved characters such as semi-dwarf height, early maturity, improved ...
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0answers
18 views

How many species of mites live on the human body?

How many known species of mites regularly live on the human body? I've always heard that most people have eyebrow mites. This source mentions 2 species of face mites, Demodex folliculorum and D. ...
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0answers
25 views

What are the most efficient sources of nutrition to add lean mass? [closed]

In conjunction with an exercise routine, what sources of nutrition will best help increase lean body mass. Most non-hormonal exercise supplements risk causing liver damage and gout due to excess urea ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Does our brain contain an innate function about closing only one eye?

I wasn't sure where to post this, but biology seemed fitting for me. Sorry if I'm wrong. I was wondering why, when we close both our eyes and look at light, it is clear we can see the light even ...
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2answers
5k views

Is it possible that by mutation a human could see infrared or other 'colours'?

Incoming light reacts with the several types of cone cells in the eye. In humans, there are three types of cones sensitive to three different spectra, resulting in trichromatic color vision. Each ...
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2answers
66 views

Metabolic activity postmortem

I read some papers about studies on metabolism in post-mortem tissues in human, but I do not exactly the reason about why our brain continues to have activity after death.
9
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1answer
226 views

What biological functions does crying serve?

Tears suddenly start flowing out of our eyes when we find our long lost friend or when someone unexpectedly decides to break up with us. Do tears really save us from harm? Or are they just the reflex ...
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1answer
35 views

How fast is the patellar reflex?

I have found a lot of content on the patellar reflex, but I cannot find any studies on how fast the reflex is, from onset of stimulus to innervation of muscles. Does anyone know of either a study or ...
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1answer
69 views

What were the main discoveries in Biology? [closed]

What were the greatest achievements in Biology? Can you please provide a short list of discoveries that you would consider as being the most important discoveries of the history of Biology.
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2answers
115 views

Are humans evolving since their first appearance? [duplicate]

Is the evolution a very prolonged progress, or are we going to witness further evolution of the human species? If so, in which direction? Are there any widely predicted changes for humans?
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1answer
61 views

What is the correlation between hand and neck flexibility? [closed]

I am trying to understand this statement in the book, Mudras, Yoga in your Hands by Gertrud Hirschi: There is a direct relationship between the hands and the neck since the nerve paths run through ...
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1answer
39 views

What's the mixture of plasma and haemoglobin called [closed]

I know of oxyhaemoglobin but the mixture of plasma and haemoglobin in the blood gives what?
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1answer
51 views

What's the mixture of carbon and haemoglobin called [closed]

I know of oxyhaemogloblin , the mixture of oxygen and haemoglobin , but carbon and haemoglobin combination is what's confusing
1
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1answer
59 views

Can someone help me answer or explain how to answer questions about DNA coding capabilities? [closed]

How is it that a DNA coding system with only 4 bases can yield so many possibilities? Also, how many unique coding sequences can there be with a DNA code that is 8 base pairs long? Hint: 4^n ...
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0answers
64 views

Why does the Vas Deferens detour over the pubic bone?

I was surprised to learn that the vas deferens detours over the pubic bone instead of taking the obviously more direct path. https://human.biodigital.com/widget?be=u1P&uaid=1ly5V Because I would ...
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0answers
38 views

What is the function of the kidney in terms of osmoregulation and excretion [closed]

Also include the role that ADH plays I am fully aware that ADH has a role in osmoregulation but does it also play a role in exretion?
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0answers
51 views

Could a human heart really pump fuel up to a jet engine?

In Parks and Recreation, Chris is told his heart was strong enough to "pump fuel to a jet engine". What I'm wondering is the following: Does an extremely healthy human heart have the power to do ...
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0answers
42 views

What is meningitis? [closed]

I know that meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. But I still don't understand this definition. If you can broaden the definition, please do.
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0answers
38 views

How long does it take for blood to travel from the lungs to the fingertips?

I've noticed that a pulse oximeter at my fingertip lags my breathing effort by a noticable amount. I conclude that it takes some time for freshly oxygenated blood to travel from the lungs to the ...
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0answers
52 views

What causes anorexia nervorsa?

I've heard of anorexia nervosa being a severe loss of appetite. I'm wondering what causes such disease in humans?
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1answer
117 views

Is an athlete's heart rate after exercise greater than a non-athlete [closed]

I was just wondering And if it is greater or lower how does this benefit an athlete Also what is the averaged number of heart beats per minute
19
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1answer
3k views

What is the speed of blood?

The speed of blood may vary from one place to another and may be quite low in the tinyest vessels compared to the biggest one. What is the speed of blood while exiting a normal human heart?
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22 views

is there any relationship between shape of the nucleus and the function of the cell?

is there any relationship between the shape of the nucleus and the function of the cell, like in the case of leukocytes, all of them have different shapes.