This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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3
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1answer
39 views

Why are many anti-malaria drugs gap junction antagonists?

Why are many anti-malaria drugs gap junction antagonists? My professor recently just mentioned that many of the anti-malaria drugs block gap junctions. i am wondering if this blocking is important ...
2
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4answers
138 views

Why do the humans become sleepy after meals?

I don't know about all the mankind, but I know enough people, who becomes sleepy after their meals. Also, I'm not sure, what kind of food do they consume, but I personally get sleepy almost from any ...
2
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1answer
26 views

For emphysema, which of the respiratory volumes is effected. I have a couple of educated answers

It could be the tidal volume because it effects how a person inhales and exhales normally. It could be the residual volume and functional residual volume, because it increases its amount. Because it ...
3
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1answer
151 views

What is the beneficial function of IgE antibody?

Dont tell me the "function" of IgE is to cause allergy ! In whatever texts I have seen it is written that IgE is important to cause allergies but what is the beneficial function of IgE ? Why was it ...
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2answers
63 views

How the lungs clear themselves?

Looking at my computer's fan I can say that a lot of dust is collected on it not less dust should be collected in the lungs, not to mention some inhaled parts of food. How the lungs clear themselves ...
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2answers
105 views

Does Science Say That We Should Die? [duplicate]

Excluding situations where you die from accidents, the main reason for death is -generaly- diseases. And usually it is about an organ which becomes "tired" after many years. These results are all ...
6
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2answers
100 views

Why did women historically have such a high mortality rate during birth?

Historically women had a relatively high chance of dying while giving birth. At first thought it seems to me that this would be a disadvantage for the species for the obvious reason that a dead ...
6
votes
1answer
251 views

Why is membrane potential not zero at equilibrium?

For the squid giant axon, the membrane potential computed by the Goldman equation is -60mV. And the Nernst potentials are (the differences between the K+ and the Na+'s Nernst potential and the ...
8
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2answers
426 views

Would exposure to a strong magnetic field have deleterious effect on the human?

This article states of a 25T magnet, ".. If are ever caught in one of these devices, let’s just say you probably won’t live to tell the tale." Is the above statement in order? What effect would ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Do people with gout live longer?

Antioxidants reduce damage to tissue (by scavenging the free radicals) and thus may reduce ageing.It is known that Uric acid is a very good antioxidant. People with gout have excess accumulation of ...
-1
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1answer
38 views

What is this abbreviation CT in female reproductive system [closed]

I have this sentence in my notes Ovary is surrounded by tunica albuginea and the cortex keeps the primordial follicles. The medulla containing CT and blood vessels develop from mesonephros. I ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Why is fructose not glucose the main energy source of sperm?

The seminal fluid contains fructose as the main energy source for the sperm and not glucose. Why is fructose and not glucose the primary energy source for these sperm, since glucose is the ...
3
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2answers
196 views

How was the Huntington's disease gene's location found?

I read in the book "Why we get sick." by Nesse and Williams that: Steady detective work and fabulous luck have enabled geneticists to pinpoint the Huntington's gene on the short arm of ...
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1answer
126 views

Near point and far point of myopic eye

Suppose a person wears the specs of power -6D, the far point for that person is 16cm. But the near point of normal eye is 25cm. So, is the near point of a person with myopia (having far point less ...
11
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2answers
3k views

Why is cold water more refreshing than warm water?

Obviously, the temperature of water does not affect its chemical composition. At least not in the ranges we are likely to drink it in. Yet it is clearly far more pleasant and refreshing to drink cool ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Is there a way to measure ATP usage in the brain similarly to fMRI?

Is there a way to measure ATP usage in the brain (or anywhere else) similarly to how fMRI works (measuring changes in iron resonance in oxygenated/deoxygenated blood)? Is there some sort of similar ...
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0answers
27 views

Emissions sunrise, sunset linked to human productivity (awakeness)?

I do want to find a solution to a (for me) confusing state of mind. I'm a bit of a night-owl, always been one. The whole day I prolongue work that I want to do, my brain seems to sleep-in until after ...
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2answers
51 views

Advantages of pain sensation?

The hazards of congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) are well-known. This question is about the obverse: what selective advantage, if any, does the normal sensation of pain confer? I'm thinking of ...
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2answers
61 views

Can excessive carbonated drink consumption lead to elevated red blood cell levels?

I've recently had a blood test and the results displayed elevated levels of erythrocytes as well as hemoglobin. (As a result my hematocrit levels were also above average) At my workplace there is a ...
7
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2answers
4k views

Mitosis in human body

I've heard that stomach lining has the fastest reproducing cells and the brain has the slowest. Where in the human body does mitosis occur and at what rates do these cell reproduce? Is there a chart ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

Influence of alcohol on brain cells

As I am not related to biology, I would appreciate if you can keep your answers as simple as possible. My question is about the influence of alcohol on the brain. As far as I know, drinking alcohol ...
11
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4answers
4k views

Do white Australians have a distinct look?

Background I've heard from many people working in tourism or similar industries that, white Australians can be recognized as Australian solely by their facial features. Being Australian myself I've ...
7
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1answer
224 views

In Japan, mean human body is 36.0 °C, why so different from Europe?

The Japanese Wikipedia states that the mean human body temperature is 36.0 °C (here, row "ヒト"). The statement is referenced by data from the Japanese government. Actually all of my Japanese friends ...
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0answers
39 views

Banana-only diet for humans [closed]

This YouTube channel appears to advocate a diet consisting almost entirely of bananas. From a biological point of view, does such a diet have any benefits? Or is this, as I suspect, dangerous ...
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0answers
24 views

Spinal cord injury bypass

When the spinal cord is damaged, the connection between the brain and some part of the body may be lost. To restore this connection, some research are carried out, with mainly two different goals : ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Is lemon water an alkalizing agent in the body?

I was recently having a discussion with someone about whether lemon water actually increases the pH of your body (by which I assume they mean the blood); their claim was that once Citric acid was ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Why does ear wax taste sour?

Why does ear wax taste sour? I am interested in both the physiochemical mechanisms and the evolutionary reasons behind the sour taste of earwax.
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1answer
44 views

Consequence of touching Formaldehyde

I accidently touched formaldehyde some days ago. Skin on my hand got dehydrated as if I had placed it in salt solution. I washed it with water and it returned to normal state after 5 minutes. But now ...
5
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1answer
125 views

What causes Paresthesia (Pins and Needles) at a cellular level?

I've looked it up in plenty of places like the Wikipedia page and such, and it is clear that the most common cause of Paresthesia is either a fair amount of pressure on a specific patch of skin ...
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0answers
14 views

What are conditions for a membrane to be settled ? (centrifugation)

The cell membranes have 60% of proteins and 40% of lipids. And we know that medium density of proteins is 1,2 g/cm3 and the medium density of lipids is 0.92 g/cm3. How can we calculate the medium ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

What's the minimum distance of focus for the lens of a human eye to reach maximum flatness?

According to the Wikipedia article on eye accomodation, the range in which a human eye can focus is from 7 centimetres away up to essentially an infinite distance. Of course, people can't see things ...
4
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2answers
125 views

Is solving cancer required in order to avoid aging?

When the telomerase enzyme is not active the telomere shortens every time the cell duplicates leading to a reproductive limit (Hayflicks limit). On one hand this is a believed reason for aging. On the ...
11
votes
1answer
909 views

Do we actually get more sick (flu/cold) during winter?

The word flu derives from the Italian phrase "influenza de freddo" meaning "influence of the cold". Indeed it is that time of the year when my colleagues seem to have the flu/cold more often than ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Why do we sweat after drinking water and running?

Why do we sweat after running? Also we sweat sometime after drinking lots of water. Why it is so? Can someone please enlighten me in this regard?
3
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1answer
25 views

Functioning of BCG vaccine

I read (from Nature Volume507, S4–S7 (06 March 2014) : For reasons that are poorly understood, BCG protects only infants; it is ineffective in older children and adults. Its efficacy also ...
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2answers
7k views

Why do vaccines cause your arm to hurt?

When you get a shot for a vaccine (for example, the annual flu vaccine), the nurse frequently indicates that your arm will ache for a day or two, maybe more. This ache is typically not just a pain ...
0
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1answer
16 views

Association of shorter telomeres with heart disease

From this paper Those with shorter telomeres in blood DNA had poorer survival, attributable in part to a 3.18-fold higher mortality rate from heart disease (95% CI 1(.)36-7.45, p=0.0079), and ...
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0answers
27 views

Where people age at slower pace - mountain or seashore [closed]

where people live longer - mountain or seashore? If mountain then at what elvation they age at a slower pace?
2
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1answer
783 views

Why can't ciliary muscles in the human eye relax like other muscles?

I had laser eye surgery a decade ago, but in recent years my eyesight has become significantly myopic. I consulted an ophthalmologist to see if this was eye strain because I work at computers a lot, ...
6
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2answers
238 views

What is the eye muscle status when you stare at distant view through a glass wall?

The book said when you look at object close to you, the eye muscles contract and vice versa. I wonder what will be the status of the eye muscles when I stare at distance view (such as a mountain) ...
2
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1answer
73 views

How many different smells can a human recognize?

How many different smells can a human recognize? If the space of smells is not discrete, how many dimensions it has (for example, the space of colors is three-dimensional).
2
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1answer
72 views

Evolution of Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens

I just read an article on Wikipedia and noticed that some similarities between Homo Erectus and Homo Sapiens in the "Comparative table of Homo species". My question is; Is it possible to say that ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Is it easier to burn a calorie of fat or a calorie of a carbohydrate?

Say someone eats 100 calories of chocolate vs. 100 calories of carrots. Something tells me that eating the chocolate will lead to you generating more fat. Will it? Is it harder to burn the calories ...
7
votes
2answers
275 views

How does a veggie-less diet affect the human body?

I have some question, which I'm sure would fit better in the fitness section but proper answers should probably come from someone that knows biology. My question is rather simple. How can a person ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

From a purely biological perspective, how does an optimal human diet look? [closed]

There is hardly any subject as contested in the media as what humans should eat. Usually, such discussions are devoid of actual scientific reasoning, though they all claim to be backed by scientific ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Raising two legs together while lying on bed

Let's do some exercise(duh!) Ok so lie on the bed. Lift your left leg. Put it down. Lift your right leg.Put it down. Easy? Now lift your left leg and without putting it down, lift your right leg. ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Why don't we have more cone cells (bigger fovea)?

Background Apart from being able to sense color, cone cells are able to perceive finer detail and more rapid changes in images, because their response times to stimuli are faster than those of rods. ...
16
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4answers
4k views

Can humans eat grass?

Can a human eat grass and digest it? Could it be possible to use it as food just like other plants such as wheat or beans?
1
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1answer
27 views

Surrogacy Post Fertilization

The wikipedia page on surrogacy highlights two main forms of surrogacy: Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy. Traditional surrogacy inseminates the surrogate mother with sperm, while ...
2
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1answer
307 views

Is urine dirty as soon as it leaves the human body?

Human urine is sterile as long as it is in the human body. But is it dirty after leaving the human body? Could you get sick from it, if you drink it or don't wash your hands, for example?