This tag is for questions about the general biological features of human beings (as opposed to the biology of non-humans).

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1answer
89 views

Evolution of Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens

I just read an article on Wikipedia and noticed that some similarities between Homo Erectus and Homo Sapiens in the "Comparative table of Homo species". My question is; Is it possible to say that ...
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1answer
41 views

Is it easier to burn a calorie of fat or a calorie of a carbohydrate?

Say someone eats 100 calories of chocolate vs. 100 calories of carrots. Something tells me that eating the chocolate will lead to you generating more fat. Will it? Is it harder to burn the calories ...
2
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1answer
158 views

From a purely biological perspective, how does an optimal human diet look? [closed]

There is hardly any subject as contested in the media as what humans should eat. Usually, such discussions are devoid of actual scientific reasoning, though they all claim to be backed by scientific ...
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1answer
28 views

Surrogacy Post Fertilization

The wikipedia page on surrogacy highlights two main forms of surrogacy: Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy. Traditional surrogacy inseminates the surrogate mother with sperm, while ...
2
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1answer
369 views

Is urine dirty as soon as it leaves the human body?

Human urine is sterile as long as it is in the human body. But is it dirty after leaving the human body? Could you get sick from it, if you drink it or don't wash your hands, for example?
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4answers
4k views

Can humans eat grass?

Can a human eat grass and digest it? Could it be possible to use it as food just like other plants such as wheat or beans?
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1answer
97 views

Raising two legs together while lying on bed

Let's do some exercise(duh!) Ok so lie on the bed. Lift your left leg. Put it down. Lift your right leg.Put it down. Easy? Now lift your left leg and without putting it down, lift your right leg. ...
3
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2answers
119 views

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs), any health risks?

Background: An electronic cigarette (e-cig or e-cigarette) is a battery-powered device which simulates tobacco smoking patented in 1963 by Herbert A. Gilbert. It generally uses a heating element ...
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0answers
28 views

Nearly Exhaustive List for Cholesterol Pathways

I have run across an interesting case that is similar to only two others I've encountered. What makes it interesting is the combination of undetectable (under normal testing conditions, can elaborate ...
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0answers
34 views

How can one accurately diagnose human hearing loss without surgery?

In a human, if you were to avoid a tympanotomy, how could you distinguish between a blocked Eustachian Tube, a ruptured eardrum, or Perilymph Fistula? For instance take the situation where a young ...
5
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1answer
91 views

What causes DNA to skew in gel electrophoresis?

In gel electrophoresis, what causes effects like these (see collumn 11 in the first one, an collumn 6 in the second). ? (These images were samples that I took from an online activity we did for ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How do we know that everybody's DNA fingerprint is unique?

How do we know that everybody's DNA fingerprint is unique? I know, I know, everybody's DNA is unique. But when we do DNA fingerprinting, we're looking at very specific regions of high variability. ...
5
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2answers
68 views

Improving myopia

I have a friend who no longer needs glasses. He previously had myopia in both eyes but over the years it has improved until he no longer needs glasses clinically. He's had glasses for over 30 years ...
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1answer
44 views

Is there a scientific name for the field of study focusing on the hemispheres of the brain and their control of opposite sides of the body?

I'm assuming this field of study would focus on motor controls, movement, and exercise, but it could also focus on activities which strengthen the corpus callosum or stimulate a specific half of the ...
3
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0answers
109 views

Do Asian women have more difficult births than Europeans?

I recently heard a claim that Asians in general have more difficult births than Europeans. Is this true? I have found a few studies(1,2) on the effect of ethnicity on birth outcomes but they seem to ...
3
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2answers
54 views

Why do humans circulate monosaccharides instead of disaccharides as in plants?

Plants transport food mostly in the form of disaccharides like sucrose but humans transport them in the form of a monosaccharide - glucose. What is the reason behind this ?
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2answers
59 views

Systemic sensory confusion?

Sometimes when a person gets touched on one part of the body they feel it else where and may think it came from a different part of the body. What causes this? Other examples are similar to why you ...
3
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2answers
173 views

How does the brain know where a signal came from? What is the addressing system

I am an electronic engineer so I am thinking about this from an electronics outlook. How does the addressing system work, As I see it, the nervous system is small parallel branches attached to larger ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Will we ever be able to read the thoughts from brain activity? [closed]

Is it theoretically possible to "read" a human's thought from brain activity? As far as I know we can already detect in what kind of mood a person is. Personally, I don't think "reading" word by word ...
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1answer
27 views

What are good data on the Human Metabolic Model and where can I get them?

Trying to get a good SBML representation of the Human Metabolic Model for use in Flux Balance Analysis and drug targetting (i.e. gene knockout) simulations. What are good sources for these data? ...
2
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1answer
44 views

How usable is the Human Metabolic Model to predict biomass?

In order to use the Human Metabolic Model for Flux Balance Analysis of specific cancer cell lines, we would like to know what sort of flux values have been determined for the Human Metabolic Model. ...
2
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4answers
146 views

Why do the humans become sleepy after meals?

I don't know about all the mankind, but I know enough people, who becomes sleepy after their meals. Also, I'm not sure, what kind of food do they consume, but I personally get sleepy almost from any ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Does playing music during sleep actually suppress rather than rouse the brain?

I've long been interested in the effect of music/sound on dreaming, and even built 2 apps that play music during REM period. Now I'm looking at this article about FMRI studies of a sleeping brain, and ...
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0answers
22 views

Is there a homeostatic setpoint for number of hours of sleep required by a human?

I've heard this TED.com talk about dieting and it mentions that there's a very definitive setpoint within the human brain about how much a human should weight. The speaker mentions that after as much ...
3
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1answer
35 views

Is there a way to measure ATP usage in the brain similarly to fMRI?

Is there a way to measure ATP usage in the brain (or anywhere else) similarly to how fMRI works (measuring changes in iron resonance in oxygenated/deoxygenated blood)? Is there some sort of similar ...
2
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2answers
87 views

Do humans have a “dominant” neurotransmitter system/sensitivity within their brain?

I've recently heard a podcast, in which Dr. Helen Fisher suggests that there are "4 broad personality types", and each one is associated with a particular neurotransmitter: The corresponding ...
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0answers
60 views

How many blood types are there? [duplicate]

In total how many blood types are there? And why do people normally know only 8 of them? (A+, B+ , AB+ and O+ and Rh- counterparts)
0
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2answers
99 views

How to design an experiment with scent triggered memory recall in humans?

I've recently learned that scents can trigger memory recall in humans, and am thinking about setting up an experiment where I would attempt to induce memory recall through exposure to scents. In ...
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1answer
53 views

How does a smoker's pleasure work?

I smoke. For some reason, I've always had this idea that the pleasure of smoking works more or less like this: from the lungs, the nicotine reaches the blood, with which it travels to the brain, and ...
4
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3answers
236 views

Are humans the only animal that requires “clean water”?

I've seen a number of animals - dogs, cats, squirrels, ducks and geese, etc drink from puddles, some of them were muddy, others had green flora growing under water. Same goes for lakes and rivers. A ...
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1answer
52 views

What is the impact of prolonged electromagnetic exposure on human health?

What are the health effects of being exposed to a very strong electromagnetic field caused by two resonating superconductive coils (not static magnets) for a period of years?
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1answer
105 views

Determining a patients biological age?

I am looking for an algorithm that shows the exact coefficients some variables that have on a hospital patient's chronological age versus their biological age. I understand a lot of the variables ...
2
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1answer
56 views

How good is information transfer between the hemispheres of the brain?

I sometimes listen to lectures on my phone using ear buds, but occasionally with only one ear bud in. Is the other half of my brain losing out on any aspect of the lecture? Just how good is the corpus ...
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0answers
26 views

How to predict the position of the femoral head center given surface anthropometric data?

Given surface measurements such as hip breadth and hip depth, how would you predict the location of the femoral head center?
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4answers
107 views

Significance of having goosebumps?

What help does goosebumps do to us? I don't think it helps us noticeably when we are scared or shivering.
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1answer
57 views

How suddenly does lactose-intolerance onset?

How quickly can the loss of lactose tolerance onset in an adult? Such as being able to process lactose normally to having notice symptoms associated with the inability to process lactose. I am not ...
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0answers
15 views

Why do our limbs and other body parts get numb/feelingless and then they start to tickle? [duplicate]

Why do our limbs (legs, arms) get numb/feelingless when they are under prolonged pressure or when one has crossed his/her leg while sitting for a long period? After we move it to a more relaxed or ...
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0answers
46 views

Is it possible for a human and another ape species to reproduce? [duplicate]

Is it possible for a human and another species to reproduce?
4
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1answer
73 views

Enlargement of thyroid gland

Why does thyroid gland enlarge both in hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism? Hypothyroid goitre is due to lack of iodine in diet and hyperthyroid goitre (Exopthalmic goitre, Grave's disease) is due to ...
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1answer
81 views

Breathing in and out

I was reading my textbook and it says that breathing involves inhaling and exhaling but it doesn't say whether they happen simultaneously or sequentially. Also is my overall understanding of ...
3
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1answer
150 views

Will neurons live after the death of a human? If so, how long?

I don't know if this is correct or not, but I have heard this from a friend and I want to get a clear explanation about this.I hope there is some one who can help me.
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2answers
98 views

Rh factor and dominance of gene

"Formation of Rh antigen is controlled by dominant gene(R) and its absence by recipient gene(r).People having this antigen with genotype (RR or Rr) are called Rh positive and those whose blood ...
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2answers
407 views

Are humans an eusocial species?

In the evolution of sociality among animals, different degrees are acknowledged. Some species present overlapping generations, some division of labor, and the minority present reproductive division. ...
2
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2answers
65 views

Are B Cells unique to an individual's immune system?

I was wondering how the body "remembers" viruses after having once overcome them, and while reading this article on the immune system (page 14, Vaccinations), I read: There are many diseases that, ...
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0answers
63 views

Counterintuitive action of Vitamin D?

Vitamin D acts in a way which to me is counterintuitive. It functionally supplemets Parathormone. It in the intestinal tract steps up calcium absorption by altering nuclear gene expression and also ...
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0answers
142 views

Why are people tired after surgery?

I had surgery when woke up I felt like I only had 20% energy & felt extremely tired. Is this a common sensation? Why do people feel so tired after surgery?
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0answers
40 views

Why does the ovum prefers to be arrested at metaphase 2 of meosis before fertilization? What is the possible advantage of this process?

Why does the human ovum prefers to be arrested at metaphase 2 of meosis before fertilization? What is the possible advantage of this process??Please help me with it.
1
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1answer
122 views

Is lemon water an alkalizing agent in the body?

I was recently having a discussion with someone about whether lemon water actually increases the pH of your body (by which I assume they mean the blood); their claim was that once Citric acid was ...
2
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1answer
48 views

When does identical twinning happen?

What is the window during which division into twins is possible (for instance can it still happen after implantation in the uterus)? Is one twin the "original" and the other its clone?
2
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1answer
51 views

The arrangement of retinal cells?

The section of retina shows a layered arrangement of the various retinal cells. Starting from the inside (where the light strikes first) is the nerve fibre layer, ganglionic layer, amacrine cell ...