Regions of DNA which do not code for a protein

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33
votes
3answers
26k views

Why do eukaryotic organisms have introns in their DNA?

We touched on introns and exons in my bio class, but unfortunately we didn't really talk about why Eukaryotes have introns. It would seem they would have to have some purpose since prokaryotes do not ...
17
votes
6answers
1k views

Could Junk DNA be used as a Turing Machine by nature?

In what ways has DNA been studied to see if there a "programmable" aspect to it? Has nature produced anything resembling a Turing machine within the cell, perhaps using the "junk DNA" as its code? I ...
17
votes
3answers
827 views

Is exon order always preserved in splicing?

Are there any cases in which the splicing machinery constructs an mRNA in which the exons are not in the 5' -> 3' genomic order? I'm interested any such cases, whether they involve constitutive or ...
12
votes
2answers
741 views

What are limiting factors for intron length?

For predicting genes from a sequenced genome, you need to set a maximum intron length. How long can introns get in animals? Is there some limit?
5
votes
2answers
505 views

How to find Exons in mRNA Computationally

I'm having trouble finding a method to find exons in the original DNA sequence used to create the mRNA, even given the sequence of the mRNA, as I cannot find a way to reliably identify the beginning ...
3
votes
2answers
842 views

Detecting Introns and Exons

I know that when RNA is transcribed from the original strand of DNA it contains introns and exons, and that the introns are spliced out of the strand to provide genetic diversity. However, what I don'...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

How does the splicing enzyme recognize where to splice the introns?

When the DNA from the nucleus is transcribed to an mRNA, the mRNA is spliced by an enzyme before it goes outside through the nuclear pore. What is the name of this enzyme and how does it recognize ...
3
votes
2answers
682 views

Transcription factor binding site located in intron

I have noticed that some TF binding sites are located in the introns of the genes. I am puzzled about whether the TF only binds to DNA in the initiation stage of transcription and will detach during ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What are the reasons which make intron detection uncertain?

Intron/exon sequence detection seems to involve statistical prediction which can at best deliver a guess (until experimentally confirmed) as to where the splice site is. What are the reasons why ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Is intron removal coordinated?

Are the introns present in a nascent rna molecule removed simultaneously or are they removed in some sort of sequential fashion or is removal completely random?
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Why are minor introns bounded by nucleotides AT-AC, where T is not normally in RNA?

Major intron boundary nucleotides are GU-AG. Minor intron boundary nucleotides are AT-AC. Why does the former use RNA Uracil and the latter use DNA thymine? Since introns are in the primary RNA ...