Are any invertebrate nephridia (proto/meta) homologous with vertebrate kidneys in the sense that embryologically they also begin together with the genital system? When did the embryologic association ...
The kidney is composed of tissues, and those tissues are made up of numerous cells - so how do these cells excrete their wastes? Lastly, are there any wastes in the venous blood (renal vein), what ...
ADH is a vasopressin. It affects the kidney by its constrictive effect on blood vessels. This causes an increase in blood pressure. The sympathetic nervous system follows the same process to decrease ...